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Snyder, Texas
Revised photo, Snyder, TX, welcome sign IMG 1766.JPG
Location of Snyder, Texas
Location of Snyder, Texas
Country United States
State Texas
County Scurry
 • Total 8.6 sq mi (22.3 km2)
 • Land 8.6 sq mi (22.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
2,320 ft (707 m)
 • Total 11,202
 • Density 1,303/sq mi (502.3/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s) 325
FIPS code 48-68624
GNIS feature ID 1347340

Snyder is a town in, and the county seat of Scurry County, Texas, United States. The population was 11,202 at the 2010 census. The city is located in the lower part of the Southwestern Tablelands ecological region.


Snyder is named for merchant and buffalo hunter William Henry (Pete) Snyder, who built a trading post on Deep Creek in 1878. It soon drew fellow hunters and a small settlement grew up around the post. The nature of those early dwellings, mostly constructed of buffalo hide and tree branches, led to the communities first, if unofficial, name of "Hide Town". Another early name, "Robber's Roost" is said to owe its beginnings to the sometimes nefarious nature of a few residents and a lack of law enforcement. A statue of an albino buffalo on the grounds of the Scurry County courthouse in Snyder pays homage to the town's beginnings as a buffalo trading post.

Snyder predates Scurry County itself by two years, with a town plan being drawn up in 1882 while the county wasn't organized until 1884. A population of 600 was reported in 1892, with a school, two churches, a grist mill, steam gin, two banks and two weekly newspapers being part of the community. Significant change happened in 1907 when Snyder was granted a city charter, and construction began on the Roscoe, Snyder and Pacific Railway. The 1910 census indicated Snyder had grown to a population of 2,514. The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway tracks reached Snyder in 1911, spurring further growth. Ranching and farming were the primary economic backbone of Snyder through the first half of the 20th century.

This changed in 1948 when oil was discovered in the Canyon Reef area north of town. Snyder became a boomtown as the population jumped to approximately 12,000 in just a year's time. By the time the boom ended in 1951 an estimated peak popularion of 16,000 had been reached. This soon decreased to the 10,000 to 11,000 level and stabilized. Although the boom was over, oil still remained a vital part of the local economy, with the Snyder area being one of the leading oil producing areas in Texas. In 1973 the one billionth barrel of oil was pumped from the nearby oil field.

An industrial base was established in the 1960s and early 1970s, diversifying the town's economy and making it less susceptible to cycles of boom and bust. Higher education came to Snyder in 1971 with the founding of Western Texas College. One of the most successful Texas Colleges for graduation and job placement, Western Texas offers Associate of Arts degree programs as well as vocational program certifications. Enrollment in 2009 was over 2,500 students.

The Scurry County Coliseum in Snyder, operated by Western Texas College since 2008, is a large arena which hosts area events. Outside the Coliseum is a locomotive engine and a small restored historic village. Also located in Snyder is the Diamond M Museum. Established by local oilman and rancher Clarence T. McLaughlin, the museum houses over eighty bronze works and two hundred paintings. Among the collection are works by Peter Hurd and Andrew Wyeth.

Geography and climate

Snyder is located on Deep Creek, a minor tributary of the Colorado River of Texas.

Snyder is approximately 90 miles (140 km) southeast of Lubbock, 80 miles (130 km) northwest of Abilene, 90 miles (140 km) northeast of Midland, and 100 miles (160 km) north of San Angelo.

Climate data for Snyder, Texas (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 55.7
Average low °F (°C) 28.3
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.82
Snowfall inches (cm) 0.0
Source: NOAA


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 500
1910 2,514
1920 2,179 −13.3%
1930 3,008 38.0%
1940 3,815 26.8%
1950 12,010 214.8%
1960 13,850 15.3%
1970 11,171 −19.3%
1980 12,705 13.7%
1990 12,195 −4.0%
2000 10,783 −11.6%
2010 11,202 3.9%
Est. 2015 11,768 5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 11,202 people, 4,128 households, and 2,880 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,256.8 people per square mile (485.2/km²). There were 5,013 housing units at an average density of 584.3 per square mile (225.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.00% White, 4.69% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 13.68% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.8% of the population.

There were 4,068 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 64 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,077, and the median income for a family was $55,567. Males had a median income of $30 033 versus $17 609 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,296. About 13.7% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.4% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Popular culture

Snyder plays a key plot role, and is frequently mentioned, in the Southern Victory alternate history novel series in its final phase Settling Accounts by Harry Turtledove, where a camp a few miles out of Snyder becomes the timeline's equivalent of Auschwitz under a fascistic Confederate government.

At the turn of the 20th century, Snyder was rocked by a deadly feud between the families of Billy Johnson and Ed Sims. Gladys Johnson, daughter of banker Billy Johnson, at the age of fourteen in 1914, married Ed Sims. The young couple had two daughters but soon divorced in July 1916. Sims was thereafter shot dead by a Johnson family member. The grand jury in Lamesa failed to bring a true bill against the killer. Gladys Johnson Sims in the spring of 1917 married Texas Ranger Frank Hamer, who had lost two children from a previous marriage. The Hamers raised four children, the daughters of Gladys and Ed Sims, and two of their own, including Frank Hamer, Jr. Frank Hamer died in 1955, but Gladys lived in their home in Austin until her death in 1986 at the age of eighty-five.


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