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Stow Creek Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Stow Creek
Stow Creek Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Stow Creek Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Stow Creek Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Stow Creek Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Formed January 19, 1748
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Area
 • Total 18.846 sq mi (48.811 km2)
 • Land 18.300 sq mi (47.396 km2)
 • Water 0.546 sq mi (1.415 km2)  2.90%
Area rank 151st of 566 in state
10th of 14 in county
Elevation 69 ft (21 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 1,431
 • Estimate (2015) 1,423
 • Rank 516th of 566 in state
12th of 14 in county
 • Density 78.2/sq mi (30.2/km2)
 • Density rank 551st of 566 in state
12th of 14 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08302 - Bridgeton
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 3401171160
GNIS feature ID 0882057

Stow Creek Township is a township in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a total population of 1,431, reflecting an increase of 2 (+0.1%) from the 1,429 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 8 (-0.6%) from the 1,437 counted in the 1990 Census.

Stow Creek dates back to January 19, 1748, when it was formed as one of six precincts in the newly created Cumberland County. It was formally incorporated as a township on February 21, 1798. Columbia Township was formed on March 12, 1844, from portions of both Hopewell Township and Stow Creek Township, and dissolved on March 11, 1845. On April 9, 1929, portions of the township were taken to create Shiloh. On October 1, 1924, the New Jersey Legislature officially changed the name of the township from "Stoe Creek" to "Stow Creek", though it is unclear when "Stow" had become "Stoe". The township's name is shared with the Stow Creek, a tributary of the Delaware River.

It is a dry township, where alcohol cannot be sold.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 18.846 square miles (48.811 km2), including 18.300 square miles (47.396 km2) of land and 0.546 square miles (1.415 km2) of water (2.90%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Cumberland Causeway, Garrisons Corner, Gum Tree Corner, Jericho, Kernans Corner, Macanippock, Marlboro, Roadstown, Seventh Day Mill, Stow Creek Landing, Town Hall and Willis Corner.

The township borders Hopewell Township, Shiloh, Greenwich Township, Salem County, and the Delaware Bay.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,039
1820 884 −14.9%
1830 791 −10.5%
1840 846 7.0%
1850 1,093 29.2%
1860 1,267 15.9%
1870 1,122 −11.4%
1880 1,107 −1.3%
1890 972 −12.2%
1900 934 −3.9%
1910 880 −5.8%
1920 844 −4.1%
1930 796 * −5.7%
1940 720 −9.5%
1950 957 32.9%
1960 1,010 5.5%
1970 1,050 4.0%
1980 1,365 30.0%
1990 1,437 5.3%
2000 1,429 −0.6%
2010 1,431 0.1%
Est. 2015 1,423 −0.6%
Population sources: 1810-2000
1810-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

* = Lost territory in previous decade.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,431 people, 543 households, and 412 families residing in the township. The population density was 78.2 per square mile (30.2/km2). There were 568 housing units at an average density of 31.0 per square mile (12.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 91.33% (1,307) White, 4.47% (64) Black or African American, 1.40% (20) Native American, 0.28% (4) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.98% (14) from other races, and 1.54% (22) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.40% (63) of the population.

There were 543 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the township, the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.6 years. For every 100 females there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 97.9 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $71,333 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,849) and the median family income was $78,583 (+/- $7,836). Males had a median income of $52,500 (+/- $12,034) versus $38,036 (+/- $3,668) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,860 (+/- $3,146). About 4.1% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 1,429 people, 536 households, and 425 families residing in the township. The population density was 77.5 people per square mile (29.9/km²). There were 560 housing units at an average density of 30.4 per square mile (11.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 93.42% White, 3.50% African American, 1.61% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.84% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.68% of the population.

There were 536 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.0% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the township the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $52,500, and the median income for a family was $58,583. Males had a median income of $35,500 versus $26,528 for females. The per capita income for the township was $20,925. About 5.7% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 44.04 miles (70.88 km) of roadways, of which 10.66 miles (17.16 km) were maintained by the municipality, 31.24 miles (50.28 km) by Cumberland County and 2.14 miles (3.44 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

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