Cumberland County, New Jersey facts for kids

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Cumberland County, New Jersey
Seal of Cumberland County, New Jersey
Map
Map of New Jersey highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the USA highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1748
Seat Bridgeton
Largest City Vineland (population)
Maurice River Township (area)
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

677.62 sq mi (1,755 km²)
483.70 sq mi (1,253 km²)
193.92 sq mi (502 km²), 28.62%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

156,898
153,797 (2016 est.; 16th largest)
322/sq mi (124.4/km²)
Website: http://www.co.cumberland.nj.us
Named for: Prince William, Duke of Cumberland

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2016 Census estimate, the county's population was 153,797, making it the state's 16th-largest county, representing a 2.0% decrease from the 156,898 enumerated at the 2010 United States Census, in turn increasing by 10,460 (+7.1%) from the 146,438 counted in the 2000 Census, retaining its position as the state's 16th-most populous county. Its county seat is Bridgeton. Cumberland County is named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland. The county was formally created from portions of Salem County as of January 19, 1748.

This county is part of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Delaware Valley Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 677.62 square miles (1,755.0 km2), including 483.70 square miles (1,252.8 km2) of land (71.4%) and 193.92 square miles (502.3 km2) of water (28.6%).

Cumberland is a low-lying, generally featureless coastal county, with many salt marshes near the Delaware Bay. The highest elevation is at one of 12 areas in Upper Deerfield Township that stand approximately 140 feet (43 m) above sea level; the lowest elevation is sea level.

Adjacent counties

1across Delaware Bay; no land border

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 8,248
1800 9,529 15.5%
1810 12,670 33.0%
1820 12,668 0.0%
1830 14,093 11.2%
1840 14,374 2.0%
1850 17,189 19.6%
1860 22,605 31.5%
1870 34,665 53.4%
1880 37,687 8.7%
1890 45,438 20.6%
1900 51,193 12.7%
1910 55,153 7.7%
1920 61,348 11.2%
1930 69,895 13.9%
1940 73,184 4.7%
1950 88,597 21.1%
1960 106,850 20.6%
1970 121,374 13.6%
1980 132,866 9.5%
1990 138,053 3.9%
2000 146,438 6.1%
2010 156,898 7.1%
Est. 2016 153,797 5.0%
Historical sources: 1790-1990
1970-2010 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 156,898 people, 51,931 households, and 36,559 families residing in the county. The population density was 324.4 per square mile (125.3/km2). There were 55,834 housing units at an average density of 115.4 per square mile (44.6/km2)*. The racial makeup of the county was 62.74% (98,430) White, 20.23% (31,741) Black or African American, 1.11% (1,746) Native American, 1.22% (1,907) Asian, 0.04% (59) Pacific Islander, 11.15% (17,492) from other races, and 3.52% (5,523) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.06% (42,457) of the population.

There were 51,931 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 24% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.5 years. For every 100 females there were 106.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 106.9 males.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 146,438 people, 49,143 households, and 35,186 families residing in the county. The population density was 299 people per square mile (116/km²). There were 52,863 housing units at an average density of 108 per square mile (42/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.88% White, 20.20% Black or African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 9.08% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 19.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among those residents listing their ancestry, 15.6% of residents were of Italian, 12.1% German, 10.7% Irish and 8.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 49,143 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.70% were married couples living together, 17.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 104.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,150, and the median income for a family was $45,403. Males had a median income of $35,387 versus $25,393 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,376. About 11.3% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

Municipalities

Cumberland County, New Jersey Municipalities
Index map of Cumberland County Municipalities (click to see index key)

Municipalities in Cumberland County (with most 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area) are:

Municipality
(with map key)
Municipal
type
Population Housing
Units
Total
Area
Water
Area
Land
Area
Pop.
Density
Housing
Density
Communities
Bridgeton (3) city 25,349 6,782 6.43 0.25 6.18 4,102.5 1,097.6
Commercial Township (13) township 5,178 2,115 34.44 2.31 32.13 161.2 65.8 Laurel Lake (2,989)
Port Norris (1,377)
Deerfield Township (9) township 3,119 1,143 16.80 0.03 16.76 186.1 68.2 Rosenhayn (1,098)
Downe Township (12) township 1,585 996 54.27 5.66 48.61 32.6 20.5
Fairfield Township (10) township 6,295 2,058 43.95 2.69 41.26 152.6 49.9 Fairton (1,064)
Greenwich Township (6) township 804 369 18.83 1.00 17.84 45.1 20.7 Springtown
Hopewell Township (7) township 4,571 1,741 30.83 0.95 29.87 153.0 58.3
Lawrence Township (11) township 3,290 1,221 38.33 1.41 36.92 89.1 33.1 Cedarville (776)
Maurice River Township (14) township 7,976 1,506 95.76 2.65 93.11 85.7 16.2
Millville (2) city 28,400 11,435 44.49 2.49 42.00 676.2 272.3
Shiloh (4) borough 516 214 1.21 0.00 1.21 427.3 177.2
Stow Creek Township (5) township 1,431 568 18.85 0.55 18.30 78.2 31.0 Garrison Corner
Jericho
Kernan Corner
Roadstown
Upper Deerfield Township (8) township 7,660 3,025 31.27 0.18 31.10 246.3 97.3 Seabrook Farms (1,484)
Vineland (1) city 60,724 22,661 69.03 0.61 68.42 887.5 331.2
Cumberland County county 156,898 55,834 677.62 193.92 483.70 324.4 115.4

Transportation

Airports

The following public-use airports are located in Cumberland County:

Roads and highways

As of 2010, the county had a total of 1,271.74 miles (2,046.67 km) of roadways, of which 643.65 miles (1,035.85 km) were maintained by the local municipality, 539.14 miles (867.66 km) by Cumberland County and 88.95 miles (143.15 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Cumberland is served only by state and county routes. Major county routes that pass through include CR 540, CR 548 (only in Maurice River), CR 550, CR 552, CR 553 and CR 555.

State routes include Route 47, Route 49, Route 55, Route 56, Route 77 and Route 347.

Route 55 is the only limited access road in the county which provides access to Interstate 76, Interstate 295, and the Philadelphia area to the north.

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Bridgeton, New Jersey
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.6
 
41
25
 
 
2.9
 
44
28
 
 
4.3
 
52
34
 
 
4
 
63
43
 
 
3.8
 
73
53
 
 
4.2
 
82
63
 
 
4.1
 
87
68
 
 
4.1
 
85
66
 
 
4.3
 
78
59
 
 
3.6
 
67
47
 
 
3.3
 
56
39
 
 
4
 
45
30
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bridgeton have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −13 °F (−25 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 101 °F (38 °C) was recorded in July 1966. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.94 inches (75 mm) in February to 4.30 inches (109 mm) in March.

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