Fairfield Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Fairfield Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Fairfield
Trinity African Methodist Episcopal Church
Trinity African Methodist Episcopal Church
Fairfield Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Fairfield Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Fairfield Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Fairfield Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Formed May 12, 1697
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Fairfield, Connecticut
Area
 • Total 43.950 sq mi (113.830 km2)
 • Land 41.260 sq mi (106.864 km2)
 • Water 2.690 sq mi (6.966 km2)  6.12%
Area rank 45th of 566 in state
5th of 14 in county
Elevation 16 ft (5 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 6,295
 • Estimate (2015) 6,355
 • Rank 335th of 566 in state
6th of 14 in county
 • Density 152.6/sq mi (58.9/km2)
 • Density rank 522nd of 566 in state
9th of 14 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08320 - Fairton
Area code(s) 856 exchange: 575
FIPS code 3401122350
GNIS feature ID 0882059
Website www.fairfieldtownshipnj.org

Fairfield Township is a township in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Vineland-Millville- Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 6,295, reflecting an increase of 12 (+0.2%) from the 6,283 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 584 (+10.2%) from the 5,699 counted in the 1990 Census.

Fairfield Township was formed by Royal charter on May 12, 1697, from portions of the Cohansey Township area, while still part of Salem County, and was formed as a precinct in the newly created Cumberland County on January 19, 1748. It was incorporated on February 21, 1798, as one of the initial group of 104 townships in the state by an act of the New Jersey Legislature. Portions of the township were taken to form Downe Township (September 26, 1772), Millville Township (February 24, 1801) and Lawrence Township (February 17, 1885).

The name Fairfield refers to its original settlers, who were émigrés from Fairfield, Connecticut. The oldest Presbyterian church in South Jersey is said to date from before 1697. There is a plaque and an old cemetery which indicates the original log building.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 43.950 square miles (113.830 km2), including 41.260 square miles (106.864 km2) of land and 2.690 square miles (6.966 km2) of water (6.12%).

Fairton (with a 2010 Census population of 1,264) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Fairfield Township.

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Back Neck, Ben Davis Point, Clarks Pond, Fordville, Gouldtown, Lanings Wharf, Mulfords Landing, New England Crossroads and Sea Breeze and Tindells Landing.

The township has three primary population centers: Sea Breeze, Fairton (originally named Bumbridge) and Gouldtown, an old African American community from the segregation period.

Fairfield Township borders Lawrence Township, Millville, Deerfield Township, Upper Deerfield Township, Bridgeton, Hopewell Township, Greenwich Township, and the Delaware Bay.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,279 *
1820 1,869 −18.0%
1830 1,812 −3.0%
1840 1,935 6.8%
1850 2,133 10.2%
1860 2,448 14.8%
1870 3,011 23.0%
1880 3,215 6.8%
1890 1,688 * −47.5%
1900 1,911 13.2%
1910 1,629 −14.8%
1920 1,514 −7.1%
1930 1,848 22.1%
1940 1,977 7.0%
1950 2,932 48.3%
1960 3,916 33.6%
1970 4,990 27.4%
1980 5,693 14.1%
1990 5,699 0.1%
2000 6,283 10.2%
2010 6,295 0.2%
Est. 2015 6,355 1.0%
Population sources: 1810-2000
1810-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,295 people, 1,882 households, and 1,357 families residing in the township. The population density was 152.6 per square mile (58.9/km2). There were 2,058 housing units at an average density of 49.9 per square mile (19.3/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 37.49% (2,360) White, 47.53% (2,992) Black or African American, 5.10% (321) Native American, 0.44% (28) Asian, 0.03% (2) Pacific Islander, 4.58% (288) from other races, and 4.83% (304) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.84% (808) of the population.

There were 1,882 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 21.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the township, the population was spread out with 17.8% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.0 years. For every 100 females there were 139.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 148.8 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $46,895 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,014) and the median family income was $55,286 (+/- $4,900). Males had a median income of $45,333 (+/- $4,287) versus $32,763 (+/- $2,703) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,619 (+/- $1,444). About 6.7% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 6,283 people, 1,751 households, and 1,322 families residing in the township. The population density was 148.6 people per square mile (57.4/km2). There were 1,915 housing units at an average density of 45.3 per square mile (17.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 41.41% White, 47.43% African American, 5.08% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.39% from other races, and 3.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.87% of the population.

There were 1,751 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.5% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the township the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 146.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 161.7 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $37,891, and the median income for a family was $41,326. Males had a median income of $31,858 versus $23,931 for females. The per capita income for the township was $17,547. About 6.9% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 74.45 miles (119.82 km) of roadways, of which 30.89 miles (49.71 km) were maintained by the municipality, 39.90 miles (64.21 km) by Cumberland County and 3.66 miles (5.89 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Public transportation

NJ Transit offers service on the 553 route between Upper Deerfield Township and Atlantic City.


Fairfield Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.