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Millville, New Jersey
City
City of Millville
High Street in downtown Millville in 2006
High Street in downtown Millville in 2006
Nickname(s): 
"The Holly City of America"
Map of Millville highlighted within Cumberland County. Right: Location of Cumberland County in New Jersey.
Map of Millville highlighted within Cumberland County. Right: Location of Cumberland County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Millville, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Millville, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Founded circa 1720
Incorporated February 24, 1801 (as Township)
Reincorporated March 1, 1866 (as City)
Government
 • Type Walsh Act
 • Body Board of Commissioners
Area
 • Total 44.50 sq mi (115.25 km2)
 • Land 42.00 sq mi (108.78 km2)
 • Water 2.50 sq mi (6.47 km2)  5.62%
Area rank 43rd of 565 in state
4th of 14 in county
Elevation
43 ft (13 m)
Population
 • Total 28,400
 • Estimate 
(2019)
27,391
 • Rank 78th of 566 in state
2nd of 14 in county
 • Density 676.2/sq mi (261.1/km2)
 • Density rank 416th of 566 in state
3rd of 14 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08332
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 3401146680
GNIS feature ID 0885304


Millville is a city in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 28,400, reflecting an increase of 1,553 (+5.8%) from the 26,847 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 855 (+3.3%) from the 25,992 counted in the 1990 Census. Millville, Bridgeton and Vineland are the three principal New Jersey cities of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses those cities and all of Cumberland County for statistical purposes.

Millville was originally incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 24, 1801, from portions of Fairfield Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Landis Township on March 7, 1864. Millville was reincorporated as a city on March 1, 1866, based on the results of a referendum passed that same day. The city derives its name from a proposal to create a mill town in the area.

History

Known as "Shingle Landing" in its earliest days, a sawmill was believed to have existed at Leaming's Mill at around 1720. The area also had a public road, a boat landing, and a bridge-like structure.

In 1790, Joseph Smith and Henry Drinker purchased 24,000 acres (97 km2) of land known as the Union Mills Tract. They formed the Union Estates Company, built lumber mills along the Maurice River and established a dam to power these new mills. Joseph Buck, an American Revolutionary War veteran who served under General George Washington, was part of a group that purchased the land in the area in 1795 and laid out the plans for what would become Millville.

In 1806, an Irish immigrant, James Lee, opened the area's first glass factory, making use of the large amounts of silica sand and the ample wood that could be used to operate the plant.

In the early 1850s, the Smith and Wood Iron Foundry and New Jersey Mills were constructed. In 1860, a bleachery and dye house were added to New Jersey Mills, which then became Millville Manufacturing. David Wood then constructed a dam, forming the largest man-made lake in the state, which powered the entire manufacturing organization. By 1870, the mill had 600 employees, and in 40 years this number doubled.

In 1862, Charles K. Landis laid out the city of Vineland about two and a half miles east of the Maurice River. In 1864, Vineland was separated from Millville Township and joined the new Landis Township.

In 1936, the town was the site of Roosevelt Park, a project proposed by Effie Maud Aldrich Morrison as the country's first housing development for the elderly. The retirement colony was built on land which had been repossessed by the town of Millville for back taxes, and became known as the "Roosevelt Colony". It was later renamed to the "Roosevelt Park" old age colony, and was sometimes referred to as the Colony for the Aged at Roosevelt Park and Roosevelt Park Colony for Aged. When it opened on October 23, 1936, it became the first senior citizens retirement colony in the United States.

The Millville Airport was dedicated "America's First Defense Airport" on August 2, 1941, by local, state, and federal officials. In less than a year, construction of military base facilities began, and in January 1943, the Millville Army Air Field opened as a gunnery school for fighter pilots. Gunnery training began with Curtiss P-40 Warhawk aircraft, but after a few weeks was changed over to the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt. During its three-year existence, thousands of soldiers and civilians served here, with about 1,500 pilots receiving advanced fighter training in the Thunderbolt.

Maurice River Millville
The Maurice River in Millville in 2006
Millville History Society
Millville's First Bank Building
Child workers in Millville, NJ
Child workers at Wheaton Glass Works, 1909. Photo by Lewis Hine.

Following World War II, the airfield was declared excess to the governments needs, and returned to the City of Millville. Most of the airport buildings were converted to apartments for the many veterans returning from the war. The last of the apartments vanished in the early 1970s, and the airport soon became a hub of industry and aviation for Southern New Jersey.

Up to the late 1990s the Millville downtown area was depressed and somewhat isolated, examples including the abandoned Levoy Theatre and Wheaton Glass Factory, with investors reluctant to venture in its development. Major redevelopment has occurred in the past several years; establishing the scenic Riverfront and Downtown areas into an artists' haven including many studios, shops and restaurants. Older abandoned buildings have been restored with continued major development is planned.

Millville has an arts district named the Glasstown Arts District. A public art center with galleries and studios is the hub of activity, and is open six days a week. The district includes seven full-time galleries, along with ten part-time galleries and studios, which are open mostly on weekends and on the third Friday of each month. Wheaton Arts and the Creative Glass Center of America includes a major collection of early American glass with contemporary glass from CGCA Fellows and working glass artists in a restored 19th century glass factory. The Levoy Theatre successfully re-opened on September 9, 2012.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 44.489 square miles (115.228 km2), including 42.001 square miles (108.783 km2) of land and 2.488 square miles (6.445 km2) of water (5.59%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Clarks Mill, Farmingdale, Manatico, North Newark and Union Lake.

The city borders Deerfield Township, Fairfield Township, Lawrence Township, Downe Township, Commercial Township, Maurice River Township and Vineland.

Millville lies between the southern termini of the New Jersey Turnpike, the Garden State Parkway, Route 55 (which runs through the northeastern portion of the city) and the Atlantic City Expressway.

Climate data for Millville, NJ (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 42
(6)
45
(7)
53
(12)
63
(17)
73
(23)
82
(28)
86
(30)
84
(29)
78
(26)
67
(19)
57
(14)
46
(8)
65
(18)
Average low °F (°C) 24
(−4)
25
(−4)
32
(0)
41
(5)
51
(11)
61
(16)
66
(19)
65
(18)
57
(14)
45
(7)
36
(2)
28
(−2)
44
(7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.05
(77)
2.78
(71)
4.09
(104)
3.76
(96)
3.60
(91)
3.13
(80)
3.69
(94)
4.03
(102)
3.16
(80)
3.35
(85)
3.36
(85)
3.52
(89)
41.52
(1,055)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 8.9 9.1 10.5 11.1 10.0 9.1 9.0 8.1 7.9 8.1 8.8 9.4 110
Source: NOAA

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,032
1820 1,010 −2.1%
1830 1,559 54.4%
1840 1,771 13.6%
1850 2,332 31.7%
1860 3,932 68.6%
1870 6,101 55.2%
1880 7,660 25.6%
1890 10,002 30.6%
1900 10,583 5.8%
1910 12,451 17.7%
1920 14,691 18.0%
1930 14,705 0.1%
1940 14,806 0.7%
1950 16,041 8.3%
1960 19,096 19.0%
1970 21,366 11.9%
1980 24,815 16.1%
1990 25,992 4.7%
2000 26,847 3.3%
2010 28,400 5.8%
2019 (est.) 27,391 −3.6%
Population sources:
1810-2010 1810-1920
1840 1850-1890 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1870-1930
1900-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 28,400 people, 10,648 households, and 7,187 families residing in the city. The population density was 676.2 per square mile (261.1/km2). There were 11,435 housing units at an average density of 272.3 per square mile (105.1/km2)*. The racial makeup of the city was 69.04% (19,608) White, 19.83% (5,631) Black or African American, 0.94% (266) Native American, 1.19% (338) Asian, 0.06% (18) Pacific Islander, 5.24% (1,488) from other races, and 3.70% (1,051) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.93% (4,239) of the population.

There were 10,648 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.6 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 85.7 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $44,925 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,459) and the median family income was $55,000 (+/- $4,433). Males had a median income of $46,186 (+/- $3,934) versus $35,336 (+/- $2,860) for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,364 (+/- $1,573). About 16.2% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.2% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 26,847 people, 10,043 households, and 7,010 families residing in the city. The population density was 633.9 people per square mile (244.8/km2). There were 10,652 housing units at an average density of 251.5 per square mile (97.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.13% White, 14.99% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.16% from other races, and 2.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.17% of the population.

There were 10,043 households, out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.65 and the average family size was 2.15.

In the city the population was spread out, with 27.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,378, and the median income for a family was $46,093. Males had a median income of $36,915 versus $26,669 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,632. About 12.1% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Millville has a Ukrainian community and is home to Sts. Peter and Paul Ukrainian Orthodox Church and St. Nicholas Ukrainian Catholic Church.

Transportation

2020-07-16 17 19 55 View south along New Jersey State Route 55 (Cape May Expressway) at Exit 27 (New Jersey State Route 47, Millville, Vineland) in Millville, Cumberland County, New Jersey
Route 55 southbound in Millville

The city had a total of 172.73 miles (277.98 km) of roadways, of which 107.90 miles (173.65 km) were maintained by the municipality, 42.39 miles (68.22 km) by Cumberland County and 22.44 miles (36.11 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Major roads that pass through the city include Route 47, Route 49 and Route 55.

Public transportation

Millville Municipal Airport, operated by the Delaware River and Bay Authority, serves general aviation.

NJ Transit has several bus routes that service the Millville region. Service includes the 313 route from Cape May to Philadelphia, the 408 route between Milville and Philadelphia and the 553 route from Upper Deerfield Township to Atlantic City.

Attractions

Economy

Portions of the city are part of a joint Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ) with Vineland, one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. Millville was selected in 1983 as one of the initial group of 10 zones chosen to participate in the program. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants. Established in October 1988, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in December 2023.

Education

Primary and secondary

Millville Public Schools serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide that were established pursuant to the decision by the New Jersey Supreme Court in Abbott v. Burke which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.

As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of nine schools, had an enrollment of 5,540 students and 420.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.2:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Child Family Center with 614 students in PreK, R. M. Bacon Elementary School with 296 students in grades K-5, Holly Heights Elementary School with 500 students in grades K-5, Mt. Pleasant Elementary School with 242 students in grades K-5, Rieck Avenue Elementary School with 470 students in grades K-5, Silver Run Elementary School with 518 students in grades K-5, Lakeside Middle School with 1,074 students in grades 6-8, Memorial High School with 807 students in grades 9-10 and Millville Senior High School with 887 students in grades 11-12; Thunderbolt Academy is a partnership between Millville Public Schools and Camelot Education. Camelot offers an alternative setting for students facing behavioral, emotional or academic challenges.

The district has high school sending/receiving relationships with Commercial Township, Lawrence Township and Maurice River Township. Students from Woodbine had attended the district's high school programs until a July 2013 ruling by the New Jersey Department of Transportation under which Woodbine students would start attending Middle Township High School as of September 2014, while Woodbine students who had already started attendance in Millville would be allowed to graduate.

As part of a project $137 million project begun in 2019 and funded by the New Jersey Schools Development Authority, Millville Senior High School has undergone a project that will add 82,000 square feet (7,600 m2) of space, which will allow all high school students to attend high school in a single building; when complete, the phased high school expansion project will add 230,000 square feet (21,000 m2) of new space at the high school, as well as extensive renovations to existing facilities in the building. Starting in the 1960s, grades 9-10 have been served in Memorial High School and grades 9-12 at Millville Senior High School.

Facing a deficit of $3 million for the 2017–18 school year, the district closed R.D. Wood Elementary School in order to generate $1.8 million in savings.

Students are also eligible to attend Cumberland County Technology Education Center in Millville, serving students from the entire county in its full-time technical training programs, which are offered without charge to students who are county residents.

St. Mary Magdalen School was a Catholic school serving children in grades K-8 operating under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. The school opened in 1882 with an enrollment of 45 students. Former Camden Bishop Joseph Galante announced in January 2012 that the school would close in June due to poor finances resulting from a declining student body. Bishop Schad School in Vineland and St. Mary Regional School in East Vineland are nearby. Additionally As of 2020 Bishop McHugh Regional School in Dennis Township in Cape May County takes students from Millville.

Sacred Heart High School was in nearby Vineland until its 2013 closure. St. Joseph High School in Hammonton was the closest Catholic high school. However that school closed in 2020.

College

Rowan College of South Jersey Cumberland Campus (former Cumberland County College) is partially in the Millville city limits with the other portion in Vineland.

Library

Millville Public Library is the city's public library.

Notable people

See also (related category): People from Millville, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Millville include:

  • A. R. Ammons (1926–2001), author and poet, winner of the National Book Award.
  • George K. Brandriff (1890-1936), painter.
  • Fred Pierce Corson (1896−1985), Bishop of The Methodist Church.
  • Merritt Gant (born 1971), guitarist for metal band Overkill.
  • Stephen O. Garrison (1853–1900), Methodist minister and scholar who founded The Training School in Vineland, New Jersey.
  • L. Fred Gieg (1890-1977), football and basketball player and coach.
  • Leon Henderson (1895–1986), administrator of the Office of Price Administration from 1941 to 1942.
  • Dwayne Hendricks (born 1986), professional football player who briefly played for the New York Giants.
  • James R. Hurley (born 1932), politician.
  • R. Bruce Land (born 1950), politician and former corrections officer who has represented the 1st Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly since 2016.
  • William A. McKeighan (1842–1895), Nebraska Populist politician.
  • Effie Maud Aldrich Morrison (1876–1957), instigator for the plan of Roosevelt Park in Millville, the first senior housing project in the United States.
  • Walter Mulford (1877–1955), forester and professor, regarded as the first state forester in the United States.
  • Chase Petty (born c. 2002-2003), Minor League Baseball player drafted 26th overall by the Minnesota Twins in the 2021 MLB Draft.
  • Steve Romanik (1924–2009), played collegiate football for the Villanova Wildcats, and played quarterback in the NFL from 1950-1954 for the Chicago Bears and Chicago Cardinals.
  • Edward H. Salmon (born 1942), politician who served as mayor of Millville and represented the 1st Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1988 to 1991.
  • Hannah Whitall Smith (1832–1911), lay speaker and author in the Holiness movement in the United States and the Higher Life movement in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • Logan Pearsall Smith (1865–1946), essayist and critic.
  • Edward C. Stokes (1860–1942), Governor of New Jersey 1905–1908.
  • Mike Trout (born 1991), Major League Baseball player for Los Angeles Angels, nicknamed "The Millville Meteor."
  • Daniel D.W. (born 1979, née Daniel D. Warwick), author of "Hive Propolis" and an award-winning VFX designer, independent film maker and screenplay writer.
  • Anne Waldman (born 1945), poet.
  • Frank H. Wheaton Sr. (1881–1983), known as the "dean of American Glassware" during his tenure as Wheaton Industries president.

See also

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