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Middle Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Middle
Thomas Beesley Jr. House
Thomas Beesley Jr. House
Middle Township highlighted in Cape May County. Inset map: Cape May County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Middle Township highlighted in Cape May County. Inset map: Cape May County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Middle Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Middle Township, New Jersey
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Coordinates: 39°05′36″N 74°50′20″W / 39.093265°N 74.838922°W / 39.093265; -74.838922Coordinates: 39°05′36″N 74°50′20″W / 39.093265°N 74.838922°W / 39.093265; -74.838922
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Cape May
Formed April 2, 1723
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
Area
 • Total 82.92 sq mi (214.77 km2)
 • Land 70.24 sq mi (181.92 km2)
 • Water 12.69 sq mi (32.86 km2)  15.30%
Area rank 8th of 565 in state
1st of 16 in county
Elevation
16 ft (5 m)
Population
 • Total 18,911
 • Estimate 
(2019)
18,175
 • Rank 135th of 566 in state
2nd of 16 in county
 • Density 268.9/sq mi (103.8/km2)
 • Density rank 486th of 566 in state
14th of 16 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 609
FIPS code 3400945810
GNIS feature ID 0882045

Middle Township is a township in Cape May County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Ocean City Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 18,911, reflecting an increase of 2,506 (+15.3%) from the 16,405 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,634 (+11.1%) from the 14,771 counted in the 1990 Census. The township's Cape May Court House section is the county seat of Cape May County.

History

Middle Township was formed as a precinct on April 2, 1723, and was incorporated by Township Act of 1798 of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798 as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships. Portions of the township have been taken to form Anglesea Borough (on June 13, 1885; now North Wildwood City), Avalon Borough (April 18, 1892), Wildwood (May 1, 1895), Stone Harbor Borough (April 3, 1914) and West Wildwood (April 21, 1920). The township's name came from its location when Cape May was split into three townships in 1723 at the same time that Lower Township and Upper Township were created.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 82.955 square miles (214.852 km2), including 70.333 square miles (182.163 km2) of land and 12.622 square miles (32.690 km2) of water (15.22%).

Burleigh (with a 2010 Census population of 725), Cape May Court House (5,338), Rio Grande (2,670) and Whitesboro (2,205) are unincorporated communities and census-designated places (CDPs) located within Middle Township; Whitesboro and Burleigh had previously been combined for statistical purposes by the Census Bureau as Whitesboro-Burleigh through the 2000 Census. Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Del Haven, Dias Creek, Goshen, Goshen Landing, Green Creek, Holly Beach, Mayville, Norburys Landing, Nummytown, Pierces, Pierces Point, Reeds Beach, Shellbed Landing, Swain Point, Swainton, Wildwood Gardens and Wildwood Junction.

The township borders Dennis Township, Sea Isle City, Avalon Borough, Stone Harbor Borough, North Wildwood City, Wildwood City, West Wildwood Borough, Lower Township, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Delaware Bay.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,106
1820 1,157 4.6%
1830 1,366 18.1%
1840 1,624 18.9%
1850 1,884 16.0%
1860 2,155 14.4%
1870 2,195 1.9%
1880 2,575 17.3%
1890 2,368 −8.0%
1900 2,191 −7.5%
1910 2,974 35.7%
1920 2,760 −7.2%
1930 3,430 24.3%
1940 3,889 13.4%
1950 4,599 18.3%
1960 6,718 46.1%
1970 8,725 29.9%
1980 11,373 30.3%
1990 14,771 29.9%
2000 16,405 11.1%
2010 18,911 15.3%
2019 (est.) 18,175 −3.9%
Population sources:1810-2000
1800-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 18,911 people, 7,256 households, and 4,934 families residing in the township. The population density was 268.9 per square mile (103.8/km2). There were 9,296 housing units at an average density of 132.2 per square mile (51.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 83.11% (15,716) White, 10.41% (1,969) Black or African American, 0.18% (34) Native American, 1.79% (339) Asian, 0.05% (9) Pacific Islander, 1.97% (373) from other races, and 2.49% (471) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.09% (962) of the population.

There were 7,256 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the township, the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 30.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.6 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91.7 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $57,244 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,225) and the median family income was $66,451 (+/- $6,897). Males had a median income of $49,645 (+/- $5,272) versus $48,029 (+/- $5,201) for females. The per capita income for the township was $28,087 (+/- $1,866). About 4.4% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Middle Township SD HQ
Middle Township Public Schools headquarters

The Middle Township Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of four schools, had an enrollment of 2,608 students and 208.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.5:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Middle Township Elementary School #1 with 670 students in grades PreK-2, Middle Township Elementary School #2 with 563 students in grades 3–5, Middle Township Middle School with 533 students in grades 6-8 and Middle Township High School with 767 students in grades 9-12. Students from Avalon, Dennis Township, Stone Harbor and Woodbine attend the district's high school as part of sending/receiving relationships.

Students are also eligible to attend Cape May County Technical High School in Cape May Court House, which serves students from the entire county in its comprehensive and vocational programs, which are offered without charge to students who are county residents. Special needs students may be referred to Cape May County Special Services School District in Cape May Court House.

There is a private Christian K-12 school in Middle Township, Cape Christian Academy. It is in the CMCH CDP and has a CMCH postal address. Richard Degener of the Press of Atlantic City described it as being in Burleigh.

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden operates Bishop McHugh Regional School, a Catholic K-8 school, in Ocean View, Dennis Township, which has a Cape May Courthouse postal address. It is supported by four parishes in Cape May County including the Cape May Courthouse Church. The sole Catholic high school program in Cape May County is in Wildwood Catholic Academy (K-12) in North Wildwood.

Cape May County Library has its Cape May Court House branch.

Infrastructure

Transportation

2020-07-11 12 24 47 View north along New Jersey State Route 444 (Garden State Parkway) at Exit 4 (New Jersey State Route 47, The Wildwoods, Rio Grande) on the border of Lower Township and Middle Township in Cape May County, New Jersey
The Garden State Parkway northbound entering Middle Township

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 178.86 miles (287.85 km) of roadways, of which 96.20 miles (154.82 km) were maintained by the municipality, 42.23 miles (67.96 km) by Cape May County, 29.06 miles (46.77 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 11.37 miles (18.30 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

The Garden State Parkway runs for more than 11.3 miles (18.2 km) as the main highway serving Middle Township. Other significant highways serving the township include U.S. Route 9, New Jersey Route 47 and New Jersey Route 147.

Public transportation

NJ Transit offers bus service between Cape May and Philadelphia on the 313, 315 and 316 (seasonal only) routes, between Cape May and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 319, between Rio Grande and Wildwood on the 510 (seasonal only), and between Cape May and Atlantic City on the 552 route.

The Great American Trolley Company operates trolley service from North Wildwood and Wildwood to shopping centers in Rio Grande on Mondays through Fridays in the summer months.

Health care

Cape Regional Medical Center, located in Cape May Court House, is the only hospital in Cape May County. It was known as Burdette Tomlin Memorial Hospital until April 2007.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Middle Township include:

  • Bob Andrzejczak (born 1986), politician who represented the 1st Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly from 2013 to 2019 and in the New Jersey Senate in 2019.
  • Kevin Bramble (born 1972), disabled ski racer, freeskier, and monoski designer/builder.
  • Anthony J. Cafiero (1900–1982), politician who served as a member of the New Jersey Senate from 1949 to 1953 and as a judge in New Jersey Superior Court.
  • Daniel Cohen (born 1936), children's writer.
  • Joe Fala (born 1997) soccer player who plays as a defender for New York Red Bulls II in the USL Championship.
  • Stedman Graham (born 1951), educator, author, businessman and speaker, best known as the partner of media mogul Oprah Winfrey.
  • LaMarr Greer (born 1976), retired basketball player who played in the United States Basketball League and the International Basketball League.
  • Matthew Szczur (born 1989), centerfielder for the Chicago Cubs.
  • Andrew J. Tomlin (1845–1906), awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Civil War.
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