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Woodbine, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Woodbine
Woodbine Brotherhood Synagogue
Woodbine Brotherhood Synagogue
Motto(s): 
"Gateway to the Jersey Cape"
Woodbine Borough highlighted in Cape May County. Inset map: Cape May County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Woodbine Borough highlighted in Cape May County. Inset map: Cape May County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Woodbine, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Woodbine, New Jersey
Woodbine, New Jersey is located in Cape May County, New Jersey
Woodbine, New Jersey
Woodbine, New Jersey
Location in Cape May County, New Jersey
Woodbine, New Jersey is located in New Jersey
Woodbine, New Jersey
Woodbine, New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
Woodbine, New Jersey is located in the United States
Woodbine, New Jersey
Woodbine, New Jersey
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Flag of Cape May County, New Jersey.gif Cape May
Incorporated March 3, 1903
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
Area
 • Total 8.02 sq mi (20.77 km2)
 • Land 8.02 sq mi (20.77 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.00%
Area rank 232nd of 565 in state
6th of 16 in county
Elevation
33 ft (10 m)
Population
 • Total 2,472
 • Estimate 
(2019)
2,414
 • Rank 472nd of 566 in state
10th of 16 in county
 • Density 308.2/sq mi (119.0/km2)
 • Density rank 477th of 566 in state
13th of 16 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08270
Area code(s) 609 Exchanges: 628, 861
FIPS code 3400981890
GNIS feature ID 0885446
Website

Woodbine is a borough in Cape May County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Ocean City Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,472, reflecting a decline of 244 (-9.0%) from the 2,716 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 38 (+1.4%) from the 2,678 counted in the 1990 Census.

Woodbine was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 3, 1903, from portions of Dennis Township.

History

Woodbine was founded in 1891 as a settlement for Eastern European Jews. The Baron DeHirsch Fund, organized by philanthropist Maurice de Hirsch, purchased 5,300 acres (21 km2) of land in Dennis Township, in Cape May County, New Jersey to start a settlement. Immigrants from Poland and Russia were invited to settle the new community. Within two years, they cleared the forest and built a town and thriving farms. 800 acres (3.2 km2) of land were set aside as town lots. The residential center of Woodbine still uses the same grid that was originally laid out in 1891. Using modern agricultural practices under the direction of agriculturist and chemist Hirsch Loeb Sabsovich, the first colonists (Woodbine was sometimes called the "Jewish Colony" in the early days) turned Woodbine into a model agricultural community.

Woodbine was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 3, 1903, from portions of Dennis Township. Because most of the original settlers were Jewish, Woodbine became known as "the first self-governing Jewish community since the fall of Jerusalem."

The community started the Baron DeHirsch Agricultural College in 1894. Until it was closed during World War I (1917), the college was a model of progressive education. The college and its graduates won many state, national, and international awards. World War I, however, signaled a change in the community from an agricultural economy to one with a light manufacturing economy. The Baron DeHirsch Agricultural College became what is today the Woodbine Developmental Center, a state-run facility for training the mentally handicapped. The Developmental Center is Cape May County's largest employer.

During World War II, the United States Army built an airfield in Woodbine to be used as a training base and as a base for anti-submarine patrols. German U-boats were very active off the East Coast of America, especially off the Jersey coast. Today, Woodbine Municipal Airport is the center of Woodbine's redevelopment efforts.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 8.020 square miles (20.773 km2), all of which was land.

The borough borders Dennis Township and Upper Township.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Woodbine has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 2,399
1920 1,406 −41.4%
1930 2,164 53.9%
1940 2,111 −2.4%
1950 2,417 14.5%
1960 2,823 16.8%
1970 2,625 −7.0%
1980 2,809 7.0%
1990 2,678 −4.7%
2000 2,716 1.4%
2010 2,472 −9.0%
Est. 2019 2,414 −2.3%
Population sources:1910-2000
1910-1920 1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,472 people, 757 households, and 516 families residing in the borough. The population density was 308.2 per square mile (119.0/km2). There were 1,079 housing units at an average density of 134.5 per square mile (51.9/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 58.21% (1,439) White, 24.72% (611) Black or African American, 0.24% (6) Native American, 0.73% (18) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 12.30% (304) from other races, and 3.80% (94) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.22% (574) of the population.

There were 757 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.0% were married couples living together, 23.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 33.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.0 years. For every 100 females there were 135.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 143.1 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $28,125 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,957) and the median family income was $25,254 (+/- $5,816). Males had a median income of $35,500 (+/- $7,453) versus $31,298 (+/- $9,891) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $15,734 (+/- $2,126). About 33.9% of families and 38.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.8% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 2,716 people, 773 households, and 558 families residing in the borough. The population density was 339.6 people per square mile (131.1/km2). There were 1,080 housing units at an average density of 135.1 per square mile (52.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 53.39% White, 32.40% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 11.01% from other races, and 2.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.24% of the population.

There were 773 households, out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 27.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 26.6% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 142.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 158.2 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $30,298, and the median income for a family was $31,786. Males had a median income of $30,139 versus $24,150 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $13,335. About 18.8% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

2021-08-31 10 45 03 View west along Cape May County Route 550 (Dehirsch Avenue) from the overpass for the rail line between Cape May County Route 660 (Fiddler Hill Road) and Heine Avenue in Woodbine, Cape May County, New Jersey
CR 550 westbound in Woodbine

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 32.45 miles (52.22 km) of roadways, of which 19.61 miles (31.56 km) were maintained by the municipality and 12.84 miles (20.66 km) by Cape May County.

No Interstate, U.S. or state highways traverse Woodbine. The most significant roads serving the borough are County Route 550 and County Route 557.

Public transportation

NJ Transit offers the 313 inter-city bus route that runs between Cape May and Philadelphia.

Education

Cape May Public Library - Woodbine
Woodbine branch of the Cape May Public Library

The Woodbine School District serves students in public school for pre-kindergarten through eighth grade at Woodbine Elementary School. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 239 students and 23.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.1:1.

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Middle Township High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship that began with the 2013–14 school year; students from Avalon, Dennis Township and Stone Harbor also attend the school. As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 767 students and 64.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.9:1.

Students from Woodbine had previously been sent to attend high school in Millville, as part of a relationship with the Millville Public Schools. Students attended Memorial High School for ninth grade and half of tenth and Millville Senior High School for 10th grade through the 12th grade with those in attendance as of the 2013–14 school year completing until their graduation.

Students are also eligible to attend Cape May County Technical High School in Cape May Court House, which serves students from the entire county in its comprehensive and vocational programs, which are offered without charge to students who are county residents. Special needs students may be referred to Cape May County Special Services School District in the Cape May Court House area.

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden operates Bishop McHugh Regional School, a Catholic K-8 school, in the Ocean View area, in Dennis Township, which has a Cape May Courthouse postal address. It is the parish school of Marmora/Woodbine Catholic Church and three other churches.

The Cape May County Public Library operates the Woodbine Branch.

Notable people

See also (related category): People from Woodbine, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Woodbine include:

  • Samuel Gallu (1918–1991), writer and producer and director of film and television.
  • Bubba Green (born 1957), former defensive lineman who played in the NFL for one season for the Baltimore Colts.
  • Jacob Goodale Lipman (1874-1939), professor of agricultural chemistry and researcher in the fields of soil chemistry and bacteriology.
  • Calvin Murray (born 1958), running back who played in the NFL for the Philadelphia Eagles.
  • Joseph Rabinowitz, founder of the Woodbine Children's Clothing Company, the community's largest employer, who was elected at age 37 in 1910 as third mayor of Woodbine; his descendants include grandson, Jay Rabinowitz, former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Alaska; Robert Rabinowitz, creator of Beatlemania, clinical psychologist Barrie R. Cassileth and Olympic athlete Judy Rabinowitz.
  • Herman Rosenthal (1843-1917), author, editor and librarian.
  • Hirsch Loeb Sabsovich (1860-1921), agronomist, chemist and agricultural educator who served as the first mayor of Woodbine.
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