Cape May County, New Jersey facts for kids
|Cape May County, New Jersey|
Location in the state of New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
|Seat||Cape May Court House (in Middle Township)|
|Largest City||Lower Township (population)
Middle Township (area)
620.42 sq mi (1,607 km²)
251.42 sq mi (651 km²)
368.99 sq mi (956 km²), 59.47%
94,430 (2016 est.; 2nd-smallest)
377/sq mi (145.5/km²)
Cape May County is the southernmost county in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2016 Census estimate, the county's population was 94,430, making it the state's second-smallest county, a 2.9% decrease from the 97,265 enumerated at the 2010 United States Census, in turn decreasing by 5,061 (-4.9%) from the 102,326 counted in the 2000 Census. Cape May was one of only two counties to lose population in the decade since 2000; the decline was the largest percentage decrease of any county statewide and the second-largest in absolute terms. A consistently popular summer destination with 30 miles (48 km) of beaches, Cape May attracts vacationers from New Jersey and surrounding states, with the summer population exceeding 800,000. Tourism generates annual revenues of $5.3 billion, making it the county's single largest industry, with leisure and hospitality being Cape May's largest employment category.
The county is part of the Ocean City, NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD Combined Statistical Area. Its county seat is the Cape May Court House section of Middle Township.
Most of the county lies on a peninsula that juts into Delaware Bay. It is flat and coastal. Sea level is the lowest point; the highest elevation is found at three areas in Belleplain State Forest in the county's northern corner which are approximately 60 feet (18 m) above sea level.
According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 620.42 square miles (1,606.9 km2), including 251.42 square miles (651.2 km2) of land (40.5%) and 368.99 square miles (955.7 km2) of water (59.5%).
Cape May County borders the following counties:
- Atlantic County, New Jersey – north
- Cumberland County, New Jersey – northwest
- Kent County, Delaware - west¹
- Sussex County, Delaware - southwest¹
¹ across Delaware Bay; no land border
National protected area
- Cape May National Wildlife Refuge
Given its maritime influence and southernmost location within New Jersey, Cape May County has relatively mild wintertime temperatures, with very windy conditions more than half of the year, mostly in June and July. Conversely, the county witnesses lower summertime temperatures than most places in the state, making it a popular place to escape the heat as well. It is in USDA plant hardiness zone 7a/7b, Humid/Temperate. Its climate is suited to growing traditional Northeastern plants, including English Yew, Boxwoods and Sugar Maples. Because of the warmer wintertime temperatures, Hardy Palms, including Trachycarpus fortunei (Chinese Windmill Palm) and Needle Palms, would work quite well in the landscape, these plants having survived for many years also in other parts of coastal New Jersey, from Sandy Hook to Cape May. Wine grapes also do particularly well, given the long growing season. The wine industry is growing – four vineyards and wineries operate in the county now – three more are planted and on the way. The county had a once-vibrant lima bean industry that covered as much as 5,000 acres (2,000 ha) of land and West Cape May still calls itself the "lima bean capital of the world" and hosts an annual lima bean festival, though wine grapes are quickly becoming more common and many wineries dot the landscape.
According to the Köppen climate classification system, Cape May has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) typical of New Jersey with warm, windy summers and cold winters.
The average temperatures in the county seat of Cape May Court House range from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1942 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in July 1993. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.91 inches (74 mm) in June to 4.68 inches (119 mm) in August.
|Weather chart for Cape May Court House, New Jersey|
|temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel
|Historical sources: 1790-1990
1970-2010 2000 2010
As of the census of 2010, there were 97,265 people, 40,812 households, and 25,956 families residing in the county. The population density was 386.9 per square mile (149.4/km2). There were 98,309 housing units at an average density of 391 per square mile (151/km2)*. The racial makeup of the county was 89.83% (87,369) White, 4.69% (4,565) Black or African American, 0.21% (205) Native American, 0.86% (834) Asian, 0.04% (36) Pacific Islander, 2.47% (2,399) from other races, and 1.91% (1,857) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.22% (6,054) of the population.
There were 40,812 households out of which 21.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 11% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county, the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 8% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.1 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 92.4 males.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 102,326 people in 27,354 families and 42,148 households residing in the county. The population density was 401 people per square mile (155/km²). There were 91,047 housing units at an average density of 357 per square mile (138/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.57% White, 5.06% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.35% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 3.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among those residents listing their ancestry, 28.2% were Irish, 21.7% German, 17.1% Italian, 13.2% English, 5.2% Polish and 4.9% American ancestry.
There were 42,148 households out of which 26.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.50% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.10% were non-families. 30.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county, the population age structure was spread out, with 22.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $41,591, and the median income for a family was $51,402. Males had a median income of $39,340 versus $27,621 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,172. About 6.4% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.
Municipalities in Cape May County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area; along with communities within each municipalities for which census designated places are noted with their population) are:
(with map key)
|Cape May (3)||city||3,607||4,155||2.74||0.34||2.40||1,500.6||1,728.5|
|Cape May Point (1)||borough||291||619||0.31||0.02||0.30||984.5||2,094.2|
|Dennis Township (14)||township||6,467||2,672||64.33||3.53||60.80||106.4||43.9||Belleplain CDP (597)
|Lower Township (16)||township||22,866||14,507||31.01||3.27||27.74||824.3||523.0||Diamond Beach CDP (136)
Erma CDP (2,134)
North Cape May CDP (3,226)
Villas CDP (1,483)
|Middle Township (15)||township||18,911||9,296||82.96||12.62||70.33||268.9||132.2||Burleigh CDP (725)
Cape May Court House CDP (5,338)
Rio Grande CDP (2,670)
Whitesboro CDP (2,205)
|North Wildwood (7)||city||4,041||8,840||2.13||0.38||1.75||2,305.8||5,044.1|
|Ocean City (11)||city||11,701||20,871||10.80||4.46||6.33||1,847.7||3,295.7|
|Sea Isle City (10)||city||2,114||6,900||2.53||0.36||2.17||974.5||3,180.8|
|Stone Harbor (8)||borough||866||3,247||1.96||0.56||1.40||619.6||2,323.3|
|Upper Township (13)||township||12,373||6,341||68.69||6.54||62.15||199.1||102.0||Beesley's Point
Strathmere CDP (158)
|West Cape May (2)||borough||1,024||1,043||1.18||0.01||1.17||878.8||895.1|
|West Wildwood (6)||borough||603||893||0.35||0.07||0.28||2,188.4||3,240.9|
|Wildwood Crest (4)||borough||3,270||5,569||1.31||0.18||1.13||2,884.0||4,911.6|
The county had a total of 1,023.85 miles (1,647.73 km) of roadways, of which 717.91 miles (1,155.36 km) are maintained by the local municipality, 199.91 miles (321.72 km) by Cape May County, 74.94 miles (120.60 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 31.09 miles (50.03 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
The southern terminus of the Garden State Parkway, known as Exit Zero, is in the county. The parkway passes through the length of the county, heading north to Egg Harbor Township in the north in Atlantic County.
Cape May County, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.