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Temblor Formation facts for kids

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Temblor Formation
Stratigraphic range: Late Oligocene-Mid Miocene
~28–11.6Ma
Type Geologic formation
Sub-units Agua Sandstone Member, Buttonbed Sandstone Member, Carneros Sandstone Member, Cymric Shale Member, Devilwater Siltstone, Gould Shale, Media Shale Member, Round Mountain Silt, Santos Shale Member, Wygal Sandstone Member
Underlies Monterey Formation
Lithology
Primary Shale, sandstone
Location
Region Western San Joaquin Valley,
Kern County, California
Country United States
Type section
Named for Temblor Ranch, McKittrick district, Kern County
Named by Anderson
Year defined 1905

The Temblor Formation is a geologic formation in California. It preserves fossils dating back from the Late Oligocene to the Middle Miocene of the Neogene period. It is notable for the famous Sharktooth Hill deposit (otherwise known as Ernst Quarry).

Fossils

Vertebrates

Cartilagenous fishes

Sharks
Isurus planus teeth
Isurus planus upper teeth from the Sharktooth Hill bonebed
  • Carcharias
  • Cephaloscyllium
  • Cetorhinus
  • Carcharocles megalodon
  • Galeocerdo aduncus
  • Hemipristis serra
  • Heterodontus
  • Hexanchus
  • Isurus desori
  • Isurus hastalis
  • Isurus planus
  • Megachasma
  • Notorhynchus
  • Parotodus benedenii
  • Scyliorhinus
  • Squalus
  • Squatina
Rays and skates
  • Dasyatis
  • Myliobatis

Reptiles

Pacifichelys urbinai
An artist concept of Pacifichelys based on fossil records and descriptions
  • Pacifichelys
  • Chelonia californiensis
  • Syllomus aegyptiacus

Birds

Pelagornis chilensis EF
Life restoration of Pelagornis
  • Diomedea californica
    • D. milleri
  • Fulmarus miocaenus
  • Hadrogyps aigialerus
  • Megalodytes morejohni
  • Morus vagabundus
  • Pandion homalopteron
  • Pelagornis cf. orri
  • Presbychen abavus
  • Puffinus inceptor
    • P. milleri
    • P. priscus
Hypohippus
Artist's rendering of Hypohippus in its natural habitat
Paleoparadoxia BW
Restoration of Paleoparodoxia

Mammals

  • Allodesmus kernensis
  • Bouromeryx americanus
  • Hypohippus
  • Miotapirus
  • Paleoparadoxia tabatai
  • Paratomarctus temerarius
  • Pelagiarctos thomasi
  • Aulophyseter morricei
  • Oedolithax mira
  • Loxolithax sinuosa
  • Parietobalaena securis
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Temblor Formation Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.