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Tewksbury, Massachusetts facts for kids

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Tewksbury, Massachusetts
Tewksbury Hospital, Old Administration Building
Tewksbury Hospital, Old Administration Building
Official seal of Tewksbury, Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Country  United States
State  Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Region New England
Settled 1637
Incorporated 1734
 • Type Open town meeting
 • Total 54.5 km2 (21.1 sq mi)
 • Land 53.7 km2 (20.7 sq mi)
 • Water 0.9 km2 (0.3 sq mi)
38 m (126 ft)
 • Total 31,342
 • Density 575.1/km2 (1,485/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 978/351
FIPS code 25-69415
GNIS feature ID 0618238

Tewksbury is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. Its population was 31,342 as of the 2020 United States Census.


Tewksbury was first settled in 1637 and was officially incorporated in 1734 from Billerica. Like Tewksbury Township, New Jersey, it is named after the town of Tewkesbury, England. Tewksbury, Massachusetts and Tewkesbury, England kept connected through a local committee called the twinning committee. One of the oldest sections of town is the area around the Shawsheen River. This is where the Shawshin tribe settled, allowing them access to a great food source through fishing in the river. Tewksbury was also known for a historic visit by President Andrew Jackson, stopping off at local watering hole, Brown's Tavern.

On July 24, 1857, a powerful tornado swept through Tewksbury. The tempest began at Round Pond as a small water spout, and traveled west and then southeast to the Shawsheen River. It dissipated at North Wilmington. Several corn fields and orchards were severely damaged, with one residence having its roof blown off. The tornado was powerful enough to flatten barns and sheds, pull up large trees by their roots, and sweep away and kill a team of oxen. Due to the sparse population, and homes located above the valley floor, no one was killed, and only a few people were injured.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.1 square miles (55 km2), of which 20.7 square miles (54 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 1.61%, is water.

The Merrimack River forms part of the northern boundary of Tewksbury, and the Shawsheen River runs through the southern end of town as well.

Tewksbury is in Greater Lowell. The town is located about 19 miles (31 km) north-northwest of Boston along I-93 and I-495 (Boston's outer beltway). Tewksbury is bordered by the city of Lowell to the northwest, Dracut to the north (unreachable across the Merrimack), Andover to the northeast, Wilmington to the southeast, and Billerica to the southwest. Tewksbury also meets the town of Chelmsford at a point in the middle of the Concord River along with Lowell and Billerica.


The LRTA 12 bus connects Tewksbury to Lowell and Wilmington on the MBTA Commuter Rail Lowell Line. In July 2017, Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker and other Baker administration transportation officials visited a construction project in the city to highlight $2.8 billion spent during Baker's administration on highway construction projects and improvements to bridges, intersections, and sidewalks.

The former Tew-Mac Airport was located in the town before it was closed in 1997 and replaced with condominiums and a country club.


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 1,044 —    
1860 1,744 +67.0%
1870 1,944 +11.5%
1880 2,179 +12.1%
1890 2,515 +15.4%
1900 3,683 +46.4%
1910 3,750 +1.8%
1920 4,450 +18.7%
1930 5,585 +25.5%
1940 6,261 +12.1%
1950 7,505 +19.9%
1960 15,902 +111.9%
1970 22,755 +43.1%
1980 24,635 +8.3%
1990 27,266 +10.7%
2000 28,851 +5.8%
2010 28,961 +0.4%
2020 31,342 +8.2%
* = Population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.

As of the census of 2000, there were 28,851 people, 9,964 households, and 7,692 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,392.3 people per square mile (537.6/km2). There were 10,158 housing units at an average density of 490.2 per square mile (189.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.44% White, 0.67% African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.59% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.22% of the population.

There were 9,964 households, out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.8% were non-families. Of all households 18.9% were made up of individuals, and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.24.

The town's population was spread out, with 25.0% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $68,800, and the median income for a family was $76,443. Males had a median income of $50,296 versus $33,918 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,031. About 1.9% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.


The Tewksbury public schools district serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade by a high school, two junior high schools, one private school and four elementary schools, specifically:

  • Tewksbury Memorial High School (TMHS): grades 9–12
  • John W. Wynn Middle School: grades 7–8
  • John F. Ryan Elementary School: grades 5–6
  • St William's School: grades Pre-K–8

The four elementary schools in Tewksbury were redistricted in 2010. Before the switch, each school had its own district and served grades K–4. The two schools on each side of town were then grouped together and each was given specific grades for that school.

North Tewksbury:

  • Loella F. Dewing Elementary School: grades Pre-K–2
  • North Street Elementary School: grades 3–4

South Tewksbury:

  • Heath Brook Elementary School: grades K–2
  • Louise Davy Trahan Elementary School: grades 3–4

High school students have the option to attend Shawsheen Valley Technical High School, which serves five area communities.

The nearest community college, Middlesex Community College, has two campuses in nearby Lowell and Bedford. The nearest state university is the University of Massachusetts Lowell, with several state colleges in Salem and Framingham. The nearest private college is Merrimack College in North Andover, with several others within an hour's drive in Boston.

Notable people

  • Adelbert Ames (1835–1933), Medal of Honor recipient; last surviving Civil War general
  • Mico Kaufman (1924–2016), sculptor, Presidential and Olympic medal designer, recipient of Saultus Award 1992
  • John James Nazarian (born 1952), celebrity private investigator
  • Scott Oberg (born 1990), professional baseball player for the Colorado Rockies
  • Anne Sullivan (1866–1936), tutor and companion of Helen Keller
  • Paul Sullivan (1957–2007) former selectman, talk show host on WBZ radio, Boston
  • John Trull (1738–1797), captain of the Tewksbury Minutemen in the Revolutionary War

See also

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