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The Trundle
The Trundle 1.jpg
View of the Trundle
Location The Trundle in West Sussex, England
OS grid reference SU87771103
Area 5.66 hectares (14.0 acres)
Built Iron Age
Reference no. 246354

The Trundle (Old English: Tryndel, meaning "circle") is an Iron Age hill fort on Saint Roche's Hill about 3 miles (5 km) north of Chichester, Sussex, England. The fort was built around a Neolithic causewayed enclosure, of which very little can be seen on the ground.

History

St Roche's Hill (elevation 675 feet (206 m)) has been used for several purposes, dating back to the Palaeolithic era. The hill fort was a Neolithic causewayed enclosure before the Iron Age hill fort was built around the pre-existing structure.

In 1645 the site was used by the Clubmen as a military base and subsequently as a beacon site to warn against attack by the French. This beacon was lit in 1745, causing much alarm in the surrounding countryside.

The hill was also the site of a small (around 11 ft × 14 ft (3.4 m × 4.3 m)) chapel, until it was left to ruin. It is thought the chapel was built at some point in the 15th century and destroyed during the Reformation. A windmill was also present on the site of the hill-fort. It is not known when it was built, but in 1773, the windmill burnt down in a storm, along with a windmill on Portsdown Hill.

In World War II, it was the site for a radar early warning system. The summit of St Roche's Hill is now the site of two large radio masts.

The Trundle's northeast slope is a viewing area for Goodwood Racecourse and the top of the hill offers panoramic views of parts of Sussex, Hampshire and the English Channel beyond. On a clear day it is possible to see the Seven Sisters cliffs including Beach Head over 45 miles away. In June/July 2010, The Trundle was temporary host to 'Artemis', a 30 ft tall bronze sculpture of a horse designed by sculptor Nic Fiddian-Green. The sculpture was taken to Australia in 2011.

Archaeological excavations

During archaeological excavations (1928–1930, 1975, 1980, 1987, 1989 and 1994–95) of the hill fort, numerous objects have been discovered: Middle Iron-Age pottery, potboilers, human bones (an arm bone and a skull), animal bones (ox, horse, pig, dog, cat and sheep), charcoal, various iron objects (including a knife, a spearhead, an adze blade, a sickle, large iron rings and iron slag) and several quern-stone fragments.

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