Vermillion, South Dakota facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Vermillion
Waséoyuze
City
Vermillion, South Dakota
Downtown Vermillion
Downtown Vermillion
Location in Clay County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Clay County and the state of South Dakota
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Clay
Incorporated 1877
Area
 • Total 4.03 sq mi (10.44 km2)
 • Land 4.03 sq mi (10.44 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,224 ft (373 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,571
 • Estimate (2015) 10,738
 • Density 2,623.1/sq mi (1,012.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 57069
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-66700
GNIS feature ID 1258745
Website City of Vermillion


Vermillion (Lakota: Waséoyuze; "The Place Where Vermilion is Obtained") is a city in and the county seat of Clay County, in the southeastern corner of the state of South Dakota, and the eleventh largest city in the state. According to the 2010 Census, the population was 10,571. The city lies atop a bluff near the Missouri River.

The area has been home to various Native American tribes for centuries. French fur traders first visited in the late 18th century. Vermillion was founded in 1859 and incorporated in 1873. The name refers to the Lakota name: wa sa wak pa'la (red stream). Home to the University of South Dakota, Vermillion has a mixed academic and rural character: The university is a major academic institution for the state, boasting the state's only law and medical schools, and the state's only AACSB accredited business school. Major farm products include corn, soybeans, and alfalfa.

History

Lewis and Clark camped at the mouth of the Vermillion River near the present-day town on August 24, 1804. The previous day, they had killed their first bison; and the following day, they climbed Spirit Mound, according to Clark's journal.

In May 1843, John James Audubon visited the Vermillion ravine to view the bird life. The town was considered for the location of South Dakota's first mental institution (now the Human Services Center) in 1873, although the hospital was eventually located in nearby Yankton.

The original town was entirely located below the bluffs on the banks of the Missouri River, and three-quarters of the town was washed away in the Great Flood of 1881.

Presidential candidates William Jennings Bryan visited and spoke in Vermillion on September 28, 1908, and William Howard Taft on the next day.

John Philip Sousa conducted the Sousa Band on October 26, 1926, at the facility that became known as Slagle Auditorium in 1929.

Donald Opperman's car was parked illegally on the streets on December 10, 1973, leading to the U.S. Supreme Court case South Dakota v. Opperman, decided March 29, 1976.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.03 square miles (10.44 km2), all land.

The elevation of the city is 1,221 feet (372 m).

Climate

Climate data for Vermillion, SD
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(21.7)
74
(23.3)
90
(32.2)
97
(36.1)
104
(40)
108
(42.2)
108
(42.2)
106
(41.1)
103
(39.4)
98
(36.7)
83
(28.3)
69
(20.6)
108
(-17.8)
Average high °F (°C) 31
(-0.6)
37
(2.8)
48
(8.9)
63
(17.2)
73
(22.8)
82
(27.8)
86
(30)
84
(28.9)
78
(25.6)
65
(18.3)
47
(8.3)
33
(0.6)
60.6
(15.88)
Daily mean °F (°C) 21
(-6.1)
26
(-3.3)
37
(2.8)
50
(10)
61
(16.1)
71
(21.7)
75
(23.9)
73
(22.8)
65
(18.3)
52
(11.1)
37
(2.8)
23
(-5)
49.3
(9.58)
Average low °F (°C) 11
(-11.7)
15
(-9.4)
26
(-3.3)
37
(2.8)
49
(9.4)
59
(15)
64
(17.8)
62
(16.7)
52
(11.1)
39
(3.9)
26
(-3.3)
13
(-10.6)
37.8
(3.19)
Record low °F (°C) -30
(-34.4)
-33
(-36.1)
-22
(-30)
7
(-13.9)
20
(-6.7)
36
(2.2)
37
(2.8)
36
(2.2)
23
(-5)
10
(-12.2)
-24
(-31.1)
-30
(-34.4)
-33
(-17.8)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 714
1890 1,496 109.5%
1900 2,188 46.3%
1910 2,187 0.0%
1920 2,590 18.4%
1930 2,850 10.0%
1940 3,324 16.6%
1950 5,337 60.6%
1960 6,102 14.3%
1970 9,128 49.6%
1980 10,136 11.0%
1990 10,034 −1.0%
2000 9,765 −2.7%
2010 10,571 8.3%
Est. 2015 10,738 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
2015 Estimate
Minnesota, North and South Dakota and Montana gazetteer and business directory (1888) (14767214961)
1888 advertisement

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,571 people, 3,811 households, and 1,692 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,623.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,012.8/km2). There were 4,043 housing units at an average density of 1,003.2 per square mile (387.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.6% White, 1.7% African American, 3.6% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 3,811 households of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.8% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 55.6% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 23.4 years. 15.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 41.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.7% were from 25 to 44; 14.4% were from 45 to 64; and 8.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 9,765 people, 3,647 households, and 1,801 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,549.3 people per square mile (984.4/km²). There were 3,967 housing units at an average density of 1,035.6 per square mile (399.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.95% White, 1.29% African American, 3.37% Native American, 2.46% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,647 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.6% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city, the population was spread out with 17.5% under the age of 18, 36.2% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 13.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $24,095, and the median income for a family was $40,109. Males had a median income of $28,180 versus $20,975 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,909. 26.2% of the population and 16.2% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 19.0% are under the age of 18 and 14.8% are 65 or older.

For the population 25 years and over, 90.7% have a high school education or higher; 45.4% have a bachelor's degree or higher; and 21.2% have a graduate or professional degree.

For ancestries, 36% claim German ancestry; 14.2% Norwegian; 13.4% Irish; 6.6% English; 5.5% Dutch; and 4% Swedish.

Parks

Prentis Park includes two swimming pools: one kids pool, and one full size with a waterslide and diving boards. There is also a variety of playground equipment and wide open green space. Additionally the park features a snack bar (next to the pool area), several basketball hoops, and a disc golf course. It also contains a baseball diamond which is the home of the Vermillion Red Sox, of the South Dakota Amateur Baseball Association. Along with Prentis Park, the city maintains and owns Lion's Park, Barstow Park, and Cotton Park. The city also boasts a bike trail along the quiet Vermillion River. The Bluffs Golf Course is also owned and operated by the City of Vermillion. The Bluffs is an 18-hole championship golf course that overlooks the bluffs in Vermillion.

Museums

The University of South Dakota's National Music Museum (NMM) is accredited by the American Alliance of Museums in Washington, D.C., and is recognized as "A Landmark of American Music" by the National Music Council. It includes more than 15,000 American, European, and non-Western instruments.

Sister city

Ratingen, Germany is the sister city of Vermillion.


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