Weston, Massachusetts facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts - Homework Help
Weston, Massachusetts
Town
Town Hall
Town Hall
Official seal of Weston, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Settled 1642
Incorporated 1713
Area
 • Total 17.3 sq mi (44.9 km2)
 • Land 17.0 sq mi (44.1 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
Elevation 180 ft (55 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,261
 • Density 650.9/sq mi (250.80/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02493
Area code(s) 781 / 339
FIPS code 25-77255
GNIS feature ID 0618245
Website www.weston.org

Weston is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States in the Boston metro area. The population of Weston, as of the 2010 U.S. Census, was 11,261.

Weston is among the 10 most affluent towns with 1,000 or more households in the United States and is the third-most affluent town with a population of at least 10,000 in the United States. Weston is among the nation's 100 most expensive ZIP codes, with a median home price of well over $2 million. It is the only town in the Boston Area to have private roads, with state of the art police patrolling 24/7.

Despite a population of just 11,261, Weston's area is only slightly smaller than that of its neighbor town, Newton, Massachusetts which accounts for a much higher population of about 90,000. As a result, Weston's houses are on average much larger than those present in nearby towns, with considerable space between each individual residence. It has one of the lowest crime rates among Metro-west Boston suburbs.

Weston was a dry town from 1838 until 2008. Incorporated in 1713, the town is located on a rugged upland plateau.

History

The town of Weston was originally established as the West Precinct of Watertown in 1698. The town was separately incorporated as the town of Weston in 1713.

Weston is located on a rugged upland plateau. Early settlers discovered that the amount of useful agricultural land was limited as was the waterpower potential in the town. But colonists moving in from Watertown in the mid-17th century established scattered farms in Weston, and by 1679, a sawmill, several taverns, some doctors, and according to the historians, "probably some lawyers," had settled in Weston.

By the 18th century, residents were profiting by the traffic on the Boston Post Road. Taverns of great historic importance were established on the Road. The Golden Ball Tavern, built in 1750, and the Josiah Smith Tavern, built in 1757, still exist in the town. Unfortunately, commercial stagnation followed the loss of business after the opening of the Worcester Turnpike in 1810 drew commercial traffic from the Boston Post Road. Townspeople turned to boot and shoe making, and the manufacturing of cotton and woolen mill machinery. By 1870, substantial country estates were being built in Weston by Bostonians, establishing a prosperous residential character for the town. Farming continued to be a significant support for the local economy, and an organ factory opened in 1886 which employed some residents. The Weston Aqueduct and Reservoir were built in 1903 and the Hultman Aqueduct followed in 1938 to bring Quabbin Reservoir water into Boston. In exchange, Boston residents continued to build homes in Weston, many of them architect designed.

Some famous architects such as McKim and Richardson designed luxurious houses in the town, which witnessed a rapid increase in population from 1920 to 1935, and then again after World War II. The Boston oriented suburbanization has continued as a major factor in the town's development. Residents are very proud of the town's school system and the handsome homes in quiet, well-kept neighborhoods, but tend to brush off the town's reputation as one of the most affluent communities in the state. Weston has carefully retained significant amounts of open space and maintains over 60 miles of hiking and horseback riding trails, playgrounds, ball fields, golf courses and cross-country skiing areas.

Weston was also the home of the E. and G.G. Hook & Hastings organ company until a fire destroyed the factory in the early 1900s. After the fire broke out the fire department responded however the water source (Stony Brook) was just on the other side of the railroad tracks. As the firemen were fighting the fire a train came along and cut all the hoses leaving the firemen without water and having to scurry to replace the cut hoses. Unfortunately for the factory this required more time and the fire consumed the wooden factory.

Weston is also home to many important events regarding the revolutionary war, with the most important being a through way for the Noble Train of Artillery led by Henry Knox. Along with several other towns along the route that Knox took, Weston serves as an important reminder of this selfless and punishing act that helped the revolutionaries win the war.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 17.3 square miles (45 km2), of which 17.0 square miles (44 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 1.85%, is water. The town has a serious problem with deer overpopulation, and is using controlled bow hunting to address the problem.

Demographics

See also: List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 1,205 —    
1860 1,243 +3.2%
1870 1,261 +1.4%
1880 1,448 +14.8%
1890 1,664 +14.9%
1900 1,834 +10.2%
1910 2,106 +14.8%
1920 2,282 +8.4%
1930 3,332 +46.0%
1940 3,590 +7.7%
1950 5,026 +40.0%
1960 8,261 +64.4%
1970 10,870 +31.6%
1980 11,169 +2.8%
1990 10,200 −8.7%
2000 11,469 +12.4%
2010 11,261 −1.8%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,469 people, 3,718 households, and 2,992 families residing in the town. The population density was 674.0 people per square mile (260.2/km²). There were 3,825 housing units at an average density of 224.8 per square mile (86.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.26% White, 1.18% African American, 0.05% Native American, 6.82% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.90% of the population.

There were 3,718 households out of which 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.1% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $153,918 and the median income for a family was $200,000+, figures that had risen to $189,041 and over $230,000 by 2007. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $58,534 for females. The per capita income for the town was $105,640. About 2.1% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

Weston was ranked as the 87th-wealthiest US ZIP Code in a Forbes survey in 2015.

Transportation

Weston is served by three MBTA commuter rail stations - Silver Hill, Kendall Green, and Hastings - all on the Fitchburg Line. All are small, limited-service stops. The MBTA's long-term plan is to consolidate these stations into one intermodal station near Route 128/I-95.

Points of interest

  • The Case Estates
  • State Police Troop E-1 Barracks
  • Golden Ball Tavern
  • Regis College, site of the Spellman Museum of Stamps & Postal History
  • Weston Friendly Society of the Performing Arts, Massachusetts' second oldest community theater company
  • Norumbega Tower
  • Miles of natural trails
  • Weston” by Charles Alexander Nelson in Samuel Adams Drake, compiler, History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Volume 2 (L-W), 1880, pp. 488–505.

Weston, Massachusetts Facts for Kids. Homework Help - Kiddle Encyclopedia.