2019–20 coronavirus pandemic facts for kids
|Disease||Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)|
|Virus strain||Severe acute respiratory syndrome
coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)
|Location||Worldwide (list of locations)|
|Date||Nov / Dec 2019 – ongoing
(1 year, 6 months and 2 weeks)
The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic is an ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The outbreak was first found in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in December 2019, and was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020. The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses named the virus "severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2" (SARS-CoV-2).
The virus is usually spread from one person to another via lung related small drops produced during coughing or sneezing. It mostly spreads when people are close to each other but can also spread when people touch a contaminated surface and then their face.
Ways people can avoid spreading the virus include hand washing, covering the mouth when coughing, maintaining distance from other people, and monitoring and self-isolation for people who think they are infected.
The disease has since evolved into a pandemic. According to the European Centre for Disease Prevention cases of COVID-19 have been reported from many countries in the world and also cruise ships.
The outbreak may have came from a coronovirus that usually lives in bats that infected pangolins and then changed inside the pangolins until it could infect humans
Common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Complications may include pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. There is currently no vaccine or specific antiviral medicine for COVID-19. Right now, doctors usually give patients supportive therapy.
What can kids do to help
Adults are doing a lot to keep children and adults safe so there's no need for kids to worry, but kids can play a part in reducing the spread of the virus by doing these things.
- Make sure you wash your hands, by using lots of soap and rubbing your hands together to clean all your fingers, under the fingernails and between the fingers. Sing the "ABCs" or the "happy birthday" song a couple of times while you wash your hands for about 20 seconds.
- Cover your mouth when coughing, maintaining a distance from other people (particularly those who are unwell).
- try not rub your eyes or nose or put your hands in your mouth.
If you have to stay home here's some activities you can do.
2019–20 coronavirus pandemic Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.