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Abner Doubleday
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Abner Doubleday, Major General USA
Born (1819-06-26)June 26, 1819
Ballston Spa, New York
Died January 26, 1893(1893-01-26) (aged 73)
Mendham, New Jersey
Place of burial
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1842–1873
Rank Union Army major general rank insignia.svg Major General
Commands held I Corps
35th U.S. Infantry
24th U.S. Infantry
Battles/wars Mexican–American War
Third Seminole War
American Civil War
American Indian Wars

Abner Doubleday (June 26, 1819 – January 26, 1893) was a career United States Army officer and Union major general in the American Civil War. He fired the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter, the opening battle of the war, and had a pivotal role in the early fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg. Gettysburg was his finest hour, but his relief by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade caused lasting enmity between the two men. In San Francisco, after the war, he obtained a patent on the cable car railway that still runs there. In his final years in New Jersey, he was a prominent member and later president of the Theosophical Society.

In 1908, fifteen years after his death, Doubleday was declared by the Mills Commission to have invented the game of baseball]] (a claim never made by Doubleday during his lifetime). However, most baseball historians do not support this claim.

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