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Adair County, Oklahoma facts for kids

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Adair County
Adair County Courthouse
Adair County Courthouse
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Adair County
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Oklahoma
Founded July 16, 1907
Named for The Adair family of the Cherokee tribe.
Seat Stilwell
Largest city Stilwell
 • Total 577 sq mi (1,490 km2)
 • Land 573 sq mi (1,480 km2)
 • Water 3.6 sq mi (9 km2)  0.6%%
 • Total 22,286
 • Estimate 
 • Density 40/sq mi (20/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Adair County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,286. Its county seat is Stilwell. Adair County was named after the Adair family of the Cherokee tribe. One source says that the county was specifically named for Watt Adair, one of the first Cherokees to settle in the area.


The county was created in 1906 from the Goingsnake and Flint districts of the Cherokee Nation. There was a decade-long struggle over what town would become the county seat between Stilwell and Westville. When the county was formed, Westville was identified as the county seat, due partly to its location at the intersection of two major railroads: the Kansas City Southern Railway and the St. Louis – San Francisco Railway. The county seat was moved to Stilwell in 1910.

During the Great Depression and World War II, strawberries became a major crop in Adair County. In 1948, the first Stilwell Strawberry Festival was organized. The 2002 festival saw some 40,000 people in attendance.

The 1910 census counted 10,535 residents. By 1990, it was up to 18,421.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 577 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 573 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) (0.6%) is water.

The county is part of the Ozark plateau uplift, the tree-covered foothills of the Boston Mountains. North and central Adair County are drained by the Illinois River and three creeks. Two more creeks lie near Stilwell.

Major highways

  • US 59.svg U.S. Highway 59
  • US 62.svg U.S. Highway 62
  • Oklahoma State Highway 51.svg State Highway 51

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Ozark Plateau National Wildlife Refuge


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 10,535
1920 13,703 30.1%
1930 14,756 7.7%
1940 15,755 6.8%
1950 14,918 −5.3%
1960 13,112 −12.1%
1970 15,141 15.5%
1980 18,575 22.7%
1990 18,421 −0.8%
2000 21,038 14.2%
2010 22,683 7.8%
2019 (est.) 22,194 −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2019
USA Adair County, Oklahoma age pyramid
Age pyramid for Adair County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census of 2010, Adair County had a small population relative to its surrounding counties, with only 21,038 people, a large percentage of them, 43.3 percent, Native American. The remainder of the population was 43 percent white, 10.5 percent of more than one race, and 5.3 percent Hispanic or Latino. Less than 1 percent of the population was either Black or African American, Asian, or Pacific Islander, and 2.3 percent were identified as other. This makes it the only majority-minority county in Oklahoma. Adair county had a higher percentage of Native Americans (American Indians) in its population than any other Oklahoma county.

The median age of the population was 36.2 years and two-thirds of the county's population were either under the age of 18 (28 percent) or between the ages of 25 to 44 (24.8 percent). Of the remaining population, 25.9 percent were ages 45 to 64, 12.9 percent were 65 years of age or older, and 13.2 percent were ages 18 to 24. For every 100 females there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.3 males.

There were a total of 8,156 households and 5,982 families in the county in 2010. There were 9,142 housing units. Of the 8,156 households, 31.4 percent included children under the age of 18 and slightly more than half (52.7 percent) included married couples living together. 26.7 percent were non-family, 14.2 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8 percent contained a single individual of 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.25.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,258, and the median income for a family was $32,930. Males had a median income of $28,370 versus $23,384 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,560. About 25.3 percent of families and 27.8 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.8 percent of those under age 18 and 18.7 percent of those age 65 or over.


Adair County, Okla
Map of Adair County



Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

NRHP sites

The following sites in Adair County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Adair County Courthouse, Stilwell
  • Breadtown, Westville vicinity
  • Ballard Creek Roadbed, Westville vicinity
  • Buffington Hotel, Westville
  • Golda's Mill, Stilwell
  • Opera Block, Westville
  • Rev. Jesse Bushyhead Grave, Westville


The county is home to food processing and canning industries; poultry farms; cattle ranches; horse breeders; dog breeders, and strawberry fields.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Adair (Oklahoma) para niños

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