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Crawford County, Arkansas facts for kids

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Crawford County
Crawford County Courthouse within the Van Buren Historic District
Crawford County Courthouse within the Van Buren Historic District
Map of Arkansas highlighting Crawford County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Arkansas
Named for William H. Crawford
Seat Van Buren
Largest city Van Buren
 • Total 604 sq mi (1,560 km2)
 • Land 593 sq mi (1,540 km2)
 • Water 11 sq mi (30 km2)  1.8%%
 • Total 61,948
 • Estimate 
 • Density 102.56/sq mi (39.60/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 3rd, 4th

Crawford County is a county located in the Ozarks region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,948, making it the 12th-most populous of Arkansas's 75 counties. The county seat and largest city is Van Buren. Crawford County was formed on October 18, 1820 from the former Lovely County and Indian Territory, and was named for William H. Crawford, the United States Secretary of War in 1815.

Located largely within the Ozarks, the southern border of the county is the Arkansas River, placing the extreme southern edge of the county in the Arkansas River Valley. The frontier county became an early crossroads, beginning with a California Gold Rush and developing into the Butterfield Overland Mail, Civil War trails and railroads such as the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway, the Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad, and the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway. Today the county is home to the intersection of two major interstate highways, Interstate 40 (I-40) and I-49. Crawford County is part of the Fort Smith metropolitan area. As a dry county, alcohol sales are generally prohibited, though recent changes to county law provide for exemptions.


Crawford County is located in the northwest region of Arkansas. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 604 square miles (1,560 km2), of which 593 square miles (1,540 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.8%) is water.

Major highways

Crawford County is included in an area designated for a planned extension of I-49 into Arkansas. The final project will connect New Orleans, Louisiana, to Kansas City, Missouri, a large trucking corridor which is currently not served by an Interstate highway. The proposed highway would utilize portions of I-49 which currently runs north from Van Buren toward the Missouri state line passing through Benton County, home of Walmart. The corridor was listed as the number-one high-priority corridor by transportation officials in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act.

Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,440
1840 4,266 74.8%
1850 7,960 86.6%
1860 7,850 −1.4%
1870 8,957 14.1%
1880 14,740 64.6%
1890 21,714 47.3%
1900 21,270 −2.0%
1910 23,942 12.6%
1920 25,739 7.5%
1930 22,549 −12.4%
1940 23,920 6.1%
1950 22,727 −5.0%
1960 21,318 −6.2%
1970 25,677 20.4%
1980 36,892 43.7%
1990 42,493 15.2%
2000 53,247 25.3%
2010 61,948 16.3%
2019 (est.) 63,257 2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2016

As of the 2000 census, there were 53,247 people, 19,702 households, and 15,150 families residing in the county. The population density was 35/km2 (89/mi2). There were 21,315 housing units at an average density of 14/km2 (36/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.19% White, 0.87% Black or African American, 2.01% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. 3.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 19,702 households, out of which 37.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.20% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.10% were non-families. 20.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,871, and the median income for a family was $36,741. Males had a median income of $29,581 versus $20,352 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,015. About 10.90% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.30% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.




  • Chester
  • Rudy Rudy USA small town situated along the Arkansas Missouri Railroad and the beautiful Frogg Bayau, a stream that flows an emerald green color most of the time. The Frog was named by an early explorer named Frooge. The area around Rudy was once known as a center for peach and apple production. With the influx of cedar trees, which blight peach and apple trees, production has changed to chicken and turkey farms as well as Gmao production of beef and sheep. The Rudy Store has revived as a merchant offering country breakfasts and hearty lunches,

Unincorporated community


Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Crawford County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.

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