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Alajuela Province facts for kids

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Province of Alajuela

Provincia de Alajuela
Alajuela cathedral
Alajuela cathedral
Flag of Province of Alajuela
Coat of arms of Province of Alajuela
Coat of arms
Location of the Province of Alajuela
Location of the Province of Alajuela
Country Costa Rica
Founded 12 October 1782
Capital city Alajuela
 • Total 9,757.53 km2 (3,767.40 sq mi)
 • Total 848,146
 • Density 86.92220/km2 (225.12747/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Alajuelense
ISO 3166 code CR-A

Alajuela is a province of Costa Rica. It is in the north-central part of the country, bordering Nicaragua. The provincial capital is the city of Alajuela.


The Alajuela province borders the provinces of Heredia to the east, San José to the south, Puntarenas to the southwest and Guanacaste to the west. Nicaragua is to the north of the province.


Alajuela is the third largest province of Costa Rica, after the Puntarenas and Guanacaste provinces, with an area of 9,757.53 km2 (3,767.40 sq mi).

The province is in the western part of the Central Valley and is crossed by the Cordillera Central ("Central mountain range) and the volcanic Cordillera de Guanacaste ("Guanacaste mountain range). In the northern part, along the border with Nicaragua, are the plains of the San Carlos and Frío rivers.

Two of the most active Costa Rican volcanoes are in this province: the Poás, 2,708 m (8,885 ft) high, and the Arenal, 1,630 m (5,350 ft) high.


Iglesia San Mateo Alajuela Costa Rica
San Mateo Alajuela

The people of the province are known as Alajuelenses, both men and women.

The Alajuela province had a population, in 2011, of 848,146, for a population density of 86.9 inhabitants/km2. The canton of Alajuela, with 254,886 inhabitants, is the canton with more inhabitants.

Evolution of the population in Alajuela

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Administrative divisions

The Alajuela province is divided in 15 cantons, which are divided into 113 Districts.

No. Canton Capital Districts Population
1 Alajuela Alajuela 14 &&&&&&&&&0254886.&&&&&0254,886 &&&&&&&&&&&&0388.430000388.43 656.2
2 San Ramón San Ramón de los Palmares 13 &&&&&&&&&&080566.&&&&&080,566 &&&&&&&&&&&&0395.720000395.72 203.6
3 Grecia Grecia 8 &&&&&&&&&&076898.&&&&&076,898 &&&&&&&&&&&&0395.720000395.72 194.3
4 San Mateo San Mateo de Alajuela 4 &&&&&&&&&&&06136.&&&&&06,136 &&&&&&&&&&&&0125.900000125.90 48.7
5 Atenas Atenas 8 &&&&&&&&&&025460.&&&&&025,460 &&&&&&&&&&&&0127.190000127.19 200.2
6 Naranjo Naranjo de Alajuela 8 &&&&&&&&&&042713.&&&&&042,713 &&&&&&&&&&&&0126.620000126.62 337.3
7 Palmares Palmares de Alajuela 7 &&&&&&&&&&034716.&&&&&034,716 &&&&&&&&&&&&&038.&6000038.06 912.1
8 Poás San Pedro de Poás 5 &&&&&&&&&&029199.&&&&&029,199 &&&&&&&&&&&&&073.84000073.84 395.4
9 Orotina Orotina 5 &&&&&&&&&&020341.&&&&&020,341 &&&&&&&&&&&&0141.920000141.92 143.3
10 San Carlos Ciudad Quesada 13 &&&&&&&&&0163745.&&&&&0163,745 &&&&&&&&&&&03347.9800003,347.98 48.9
11 Zarcero Zarcero 7 &&&&&&&&&&012205.&&&&&012,205 &&&&&&&&&&&&0155.130000155.13 78.7
12 Valverde Vega Sarchí 5 &&&&&&&&&&018085.&&&&&018,085 &&&&&&&&&&&&0120.250000120.25 150.4
13 Upala Upala 8 &&&&&&&&&&043953.&&&&&043,953 &&&&&&&&&&&01580.6700001,580.67 27.8
14 Los Chiles Los Chiles 4 &&&&&&&&&&023735.&&&&&023,735 &&&&&&&&&&&01358.8600001,358.86 17.5
15 Guatuso San Rafael de Guatuso 4 &&&&&&&&&&015508.&&&&&015,508 &&&&&&&&&&&&0758.320000758.32 20.5


The main economic activity in the province is farming. In the southern part of the province, tropical ornamentals, coffee, tubers, and Leaf vegetables are the major crops. Toward the north and northeast, rice, corn, pineapple, bananas, and sugarcane are important crops.

There is also an important cattle raising industry in the province, mainly in the San Carlos canton.

Alajuela has attracted many export-orientated manufacturing companies, especially within the free trade zones around the municipality of Alajuela.


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