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Alexander Gauland
2019-04-11 Pressekonferenz der AfD by Olaf Kosinsky-8116 (cropped).jpg
Gauland in 2019
Leader of the Alternative for Germany
In office
2 December 2017 – 30 November 2019
Serving with Jörg Meuthen
Preceded by Frauke Petry
Succeeded by Tino Chrupalla
Leader of the Opposition
In office
24 October 2017 – 26 October 2021
Serving with Alice Weidel
Chancellor Angela Merkel
Preceded by Sahra Wagenknecht
Dietmar Bartsch
Succeeded by Ralph Brinkhaus
Leader of the Alternative for Germany in the Bundestag
In office
26 September 2017 – 30 September 2021
Serving with Alice Weidel
Chief Whip Bernd Baumann
Deputy Tino Chrupalla
Peter Felser
Leif-Erik Holm
Sebastian Münzenmaier
Beatrix von Storch
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Tino Chrupalla
State Secretary and Chief of the Hessian State Chancellery
In office
24 April 1987 – 5 April 1991
Minister-President Walter Wallmann
Preceded by Paul Leo Giani
Succeeded by Hans Joachim Suchan
Member of the Bundestag
for Brandenburg
Assumed office
24 October 2017
Preceded by Multi-member district
Constituency AfD List
Personal details
Alexander Eberhardt Gauland

(1941-02-20) 20 February 1941 (age 83)
Chemnitz, German Reich
Political party Alternative for Germany (2013–present)
Other political
Christian Democratic Union (1973–2013)
Domestic partner Carola Hein
Children 2
Alma mater University of Marburg

Eberhardt Alexander Gauland (born 20 February 1941) is a German politician, journalist and lawyer who has served as leader of the right-wing political party Alternative for Germany (AfD) in the Bundestag since September 2017 and co-leader of the party from December 2017 to November 2019. He has been a Member of the Bundestag (MdB) since September 2017. Gauland was the party's co-founder and was its federal spokesman from 2017 to 2019 and the party leader for the state of Brandenburg from 2013 to 2017.


Gauland was born in 1941 in Chemnitz, a city that became part of East Germany in 1949 and was renamed Karl-Marx-Stadt. After graduating from high school in 1959, he fled as a refugee to West Germany. He studied political science and law at Marburg, where he also received his doctorate.

In 1972, Gauland entered the Federal Press Office and worked as the Director of the Office of the Mayor of Frankfurt am Main for 10 years.

Afterwards, he became the head of a department of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety in Bonn and Member of the Hessian Prime Minister's cabinet.

From 1991 to 2006, he worked as an editor of the local newspaper Märkische Allgemeine in Potsdam.

Founding the AfD

On the morning of 25 March 2010, German Chancellor Angela Merkel publicly promised there would be no direct financial aid to Greece, but reversed that statement hours later by agreeing with the leaders of the Euro countries to send the first of many "rescue packages" to Greece. Gerd Robanus, Assessor in the Federal Executive of the CDU-Business Association cited this as the reason for founding the Alternative for Germany together with Alexander Gauland, Konrad Adam [de] and Bernd Lucke.

In February 2014, Gauland received about 80 percent of the vote during an Extraordinary National Congress in Diedersdorf, becoming chairman of the Brandenburg County Association of Alternative for Germany.

Landtag of Brandenburg

The AfD got 12.2 percent of the vote in the 2014 Brandenburg state election, enabling it to enter the assembly of that state for the first time. On Tuesday, 10 July 2014 Gauland opened the inaugural session of the Landtag of Brandenburg:

As part of this speech, after quoting Edmund Burke, Gauland wished the other members of parliament "all the strength and the courage, to tackle the tasks now ahead of them, in the interest of the voters and in the interest of the common good".

Political affiliation and ideals

Before becoming an AfD founding member Gauland was a member of the CDU. In 2012 Gauland became involved in the Berliner Kreis [de] ("Berlin circle"), a loose association of federal and state politicians within the CDU, which has been trying for years to make the CDU conservative again, because they consider that under Angela Merkel's leadership it has moved away from these ideals.

He is a supporter of a line that is both conservative on the societal level and liberal on the economic level. He opposed the idea of an aid plan for Greece, which was then plunged into an economic crisis. He called for the closure of Germany's and the European Union's borders, targeting Muslims in particular.

Alexander Gauland said he can not detect any right-wing extremists or radicals at the PEGIDA-Demonstrations. Gauland said: "I do not see right-wing extremists. I see citizens who demonstrate out of concern about developments in Germany, who are afraid. But I haven't seen any right-wing extremists, and we are not the allies of the right-wing extremists, but we are the allies of the people who have these concerns."

Position in the AfD

Gauland is one of the party founders. From 2013 to 2017, he was party leader in the state Brandenburg and entered the Landtag of Brandenburg in the 2014 election.

He resigned as party leader in Brandenburg, when he led the AfD in the 2017 German federal election next to Alice Weidel, with whom he's now leading the AfD group in the Bundestag. In December 2017, he was elected co-leader of the party next to Jörg Meuthen. In November 2019, he resigned as party leader.

Personal life

Gauland's life companion Carola Hein is editor of a local newspaper, the Märkische Allgemeine, which he had previously edited.

As a 26-year-old man, Gauland suffered from depression. He also suffered a heart attack in 2007, and has been taking medication to lower his blood pressure ever since.

Gauland is a member of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. His daughter is a Protestant pastor and publicly distanced herself from her father's statements on refugees in 2016.

Selected publications


  • Das Legitimitätsprinzip in der Staatenpraxis seit dem Wiener Kongress (= Schriften zum Völkerrecht, Band 20.). Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1971, ISBN: 3-428-02569-5. (Diss., University of Marburg, 1970)
  • Gemeine und Lords. Porträt einer politischen Klasse (= Suhrkamp-Taschenbuch, 1650). Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt 1989, ISBN: 3-518-38150-4.
  • Was ist Konservativismus? Streitschrift gegen die falschen deutschen Traditionen. Westliche Werte aus konservativer Sicht. Eichborn Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1991, ISBN: 3-8218-0454-8.
  • Helmut Kohl. Ein Prinzip. Rowohlt Verlag, Berlin 1994, ISBN: 3-87134-206-8.
  • Das Haus Windsor. Orbis Verlag, Berlin 2000, ISBN: 3-572-01124-8. (Licensed by Siedler Verlag, Berlin 1996)
  • Anleitung zum Konservativsein. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart u. a. 2002, ISBN: 3-421-05649-8.
  • Kleine deutsche Geschichte. Von der Stauferzeit bis zum Mauerfall. Rowohlt Verlag, Berlin 2007, ISBN: 978-3-87134-582-1.
  • Die Deutschen und ihre Geschichte. wjs verlag, Berlin 2009, ISBN: 3-937989-56-0.
  • Fürst Eulenburg – ein preußischer Edelmann. Die konservative Alternative zur imperialen Weltpolitik Wilhelm II. Strauss Edition, Potsdam 2010, ISBN: 978-3-86886-018-4.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Alexander Gauland para niños

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