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Bonn
Langer Eugen, centre of the UN Campus at the River Rhine in Bonn (view from the Post Tower).
Langer Eugen, centre of the UN Campus at the River Rhine in Bonn (view from the Post Tower).
Coat of arms of Bonn
Coordinates Missing latitude in Module:Coordinates.formatTest()
Administration
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Cologne
District Kreisfreie Stadt
Mayor Ashok Sridharan (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area 141.22 km2 (54.53 sq mi)
Elevation 60 m  (197 ft)
Population 314,299  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 2,226 /km2 (5,764 /sq mi)
Founded 1st century BC
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate BN
Postal codes 53111–53229
Area code 0228
Website www.bonn.de
Akademisches kunstmuseum bonn
Akademisches Kunstmuseum

Bonn is a city near Cologne. It is in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Bonn was founded on an old Roman settlement. Today it has about 310,000 inhabitants.

Following World War II Bonn was in the British occupation zone. In 1949 Bonn was chosen as the provisional capital of West Germany.

Bonn was the choice of Konrad Adenauer, a former Cologne Mayor and the first Chancellor of West Germany after World War II, who came from that area. Frankfurt am Main had most of the needed facilities already, so using Bonn meant spending about 95 Million DM to building new roads and building. However, Frankfurt am Main had been an important city during the war, and choosing Bonn was to symbolise a new start for the new Germany.

Because of its relatively small size for a capital city, Bonn was sometimes jokingly called the Bundesdorf (Federal Village).

Bonn was the capital of West Germany from 1949 until 1990 it. The Bundestag voted to move to Berlin on 20 June 1991, after a heated debate. The Federal President had already decided to make Schloß Bellevue in Berlin his main official residence. The extra building work needed meant it was 1999 before the government's move was completed.

Main sights

Godesburg 2 db
Godesburg Fortress.
Bonn Hofgarten
Hofgarten (Court Garden) with Kurfürstliches Schloss (Electoral Prince's Castle), which serves as the main building of the University of Bonn. The church steeple of the Bonn Minster can be seen in the background.
Posttower Bonn 001
Post Tower, headquarters of the Deutsche Post AG and DHL.

Beethoven's birthplace is located at Bonngasse. Next to the market place is the Old Town Hall, built in 1737 in Rococo style, under the rule of Clemens August of Bavaria. It's used for receptions of guests of the town, and as a bureau for the mayor. Close by is the Kurfürstliches Schloss, which has been built as a residence of the prince-elector, and nowadays is the main building of the University of Bonn.

The Poppelsdorfer Allee, an alley flanked by chestnut trees, connects the Kurfürstliches Schloss with the Poppelsdorfer Schloss, a palace that was built as a resort to prince-electors in the first half of the 18th century. This axis is interrupted by a railway line and Bonn Central Station, a building erected in 1883/84.

The three highest buildings in the city are the radio mast of WDR in Bonn-Venusberg (180 m), the headquarters of the Deutsche Post called Post Tower (162.5 m) and the former building for the German members of parliament Langer Eugen (114.7 m) which nowadays is the new location of the UN-Campus.

Churches

  • Bonn Minster [1]
  • Doppelkirche (Double Church) Schwarzrheindorf built in 1151
  • Old Cemetery Bonn, one of the best known ones in Germany

Castles and residences

  • Godesburg fortress ruins [2]

Modern buildings

  • Bundesviertel (federal quarter) with lots of government structures including
    • Post Tower, the tallest building in the state North Rhine-Westphalia, housing the headquarters of the Deutsche Post AG
    • Deutsche Telekom headquarters
    • T-Mobile headquarters
    • Maritim Bonn, 5 star hotel and convention centre
    • Schürmann-Bau, headquarters of Deutsche Welle
    • Langer Eugen, since 2006 the centre of the United Nations Campus, formerly housing the offices of the members of the German parliament

Museums

  • Museum Mile with
    • Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Art and Exhibition Hall of the Federal Republic of Germany) showing the Guggenheim Collection in 2006-2007 [3]
    • Kunstmuseum Bonn (Bonn Museum of Modern Art) [4]
    • Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Museum of the History of the Federal Republic of Germany) [5]
    • Museum Koenig where the Parlamentarischer Rat first met
  • Beethoven House, birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven [6]
  • Ägyptisches Museum (Egyptian Museum) [7]
  • Akademisches Kunstmuseum (Academic Museum of Art) [8]
  • Arithmeum, research institute for discrete mathematics including a museum [9]
  • Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn (Rhinish Regional Museum Bonn)

Universities

  • The Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn (University of Bonn) is one of the largest universities in Germany
  • Bonn Universities are located mainly in downtown Bonn, but some buildings are spread throughout the city. As such Bonn is known as the city of Universities.

Schools

Nature

  • Botanischer Garten (Botanical Garden), where Titan arum reached a world record
  • Rheinaue (Bonn), a leisure park on the banks of the Rhine
  • Rhine promenade and the Alter Zoll (Old Toll Station)
  • In the very south of the city on the border to Wachtberg and Rhineland-Palatinate is the extinct volcano Rodderberg

Twin towns

Images for kids


Bonn Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.