Allerton, Bronx facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Neighborhood of the Bronx
|Etymology: Named after Daniel Allerton, an early settler.|
|City||New York City|
|Community District||The Bronx 11|
|Area code||718, 347, 929, and 917|
Allerton is a working-class neighborhood geographically located in the East Bronx section of the Bronx, New York City. It is named in honor of Daniel Allerton, an early Bronx settler who purchased and farmed this area with his wife Hustace. It consists of two subsections called Bronxwood and Laconia. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise, are Adee Avenue, Boston Road, and Gun Hill Road to the northeast; the IRT Dyre Avenue Line (5 train) to the east; Waring Avenue to the south; and Bronx River Parkway to the west. White Plains Road and Boston Road are the primary thoroughfares through Allerton.
The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community Board 11, and its ZIP Code is 10467. The area is patrolled by the NYPD's 49th Precinct. The local subway is the IRT White Plains Road Line, served by the 2 5 trains.
Allerton Avenue was ethnically divided in the 1950s through the 1980s by a distinct separation of Jewish and Italian residents. Primarily a commercial avenue west of Laconia Avenue, the geographic boundary between the Jewish and Italians was Bronxwood Avenue and Boston Post Road. Bordering the largely Jewish Pelham Parkway to the southern extreme of Williamsbridge, the area east of Boston Post Road was predominantly post-war immigrant Italian and to the west an older Jewish community. Mixed in were residents representing earlier 19th and 20th century migrations from Manhattan, largely of Irish and English-Irish extraction. The arrival of West Indians in the 1980s marked the transition, north of Allerton Avenue, from a distinctly Italian area to a West Indian one. West of Bronxwood Avenue, the arrival of Dominicans concurrently marked the end of the Jewish community north of Allerton Avenue (Laconia). Today, the area south of Allerton Avenue and east of Bronxwood Avenue has a large population of Italian-Americans and Albanian-Americans, as well as Asians, Hispanics, West-Indians, and other groups. In February 2014 Google Maps recognized Allerton as the name of a community that had previously been recognized as Williamsbridge or Bronxdale.
Land use and terrain
Allerton is dominated by multi-unit homes of various types. There are also some tenements scattered across the neighborhood, primarily within five blocks of the El on White Plains Road. The total land area is roughly two square miles. The area is low and flat.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of the combined Allerton-Pelham Gardens neighborhood was 28,903, an increase of 393 (1.4%) from the 28,510 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 726.98 acres (294.20 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 39.8 inhabitants per acre (25,500/sq mi; 9,800/km2). The racial makeup of the Allerton-Pelham Gardens neighborhood was 25.3% (7,316) White, 32.5% (9,391) African American, 0.2% (55) Native American, 7.9% (2,282) Asian, 0.0% (12) Pacific Islander, 0.9% (252) from other races, and 1.4% (412) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.8% (9,183) of the population.
The neighborhood is predominantly Hispanic south of Allerton Avenue (Bronxwood) and Black north of Allerton Avenue (Laconia). A smaller longstanding Italian and immigrant Albanian population exist east of White Plains Road primarily in Bronxwood near Esplanade Avenue. The majority of residents rent. Under 20% of the population lives below the poverty line in Bronxwood while over 20% of the population lives below the poverty line in Laconia.
The entirety of Community District 11, which comprises Pelham Parkway, Allerton, and Morris Park, had 116,180 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 79.9 years. This is lower than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods. Most inhabitants are youth and middle-aged adults: 22% are between the ages of between 0–17, 30% between 25–44, and 24% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 9% and 14% respectively.
As of 2017, the median household income in Community District 11 was $48,018. In 2018, an estimated 21% of Allerton and Morris Park residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in eight residents (12%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 55% in Allerton and Morris Park, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018[update], Allerton and Morris Park are considered high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.
- Bronxwood is the southern part of Allerton. It has a population over 20,000. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are: Allerton Avenue to the north, Esplanade Avenue to the east, Pelham Parkway to the south, and the Bronx River Parkway to the west. Bronxwood includes the Pelham Parkway Houses and Boston Road Plaza.
- Laconia is the northern part of Allerton. It has a population under 25,000. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are: East Gun Hill Road to the north, the IRT Dyre Avenue Line to the east, Allerton Avenue to the south, and Bronxwood Avenue to the west. Laconia includes the Eastchester Houses.
- Olinville is the northwestern part of Allerton; it is also considered part of Williamsbridge. Residences include the Parkside Housing Projects. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are; East Gun Hill Road to the north, Bronxwood Avenue to the east, Allerton Avenue to the south, and the Bronx River Parkway to the west.
- Bx8: to 225th Street station or Locust Point (via Williamsbridge Rd)
- Bx26: to Lehman College or Co-op City (via Allerton Av)
- Bx28-Bx38: to Co-op City or Fordham (via Gun Hill Road)
- Bx39: to Wakefield – 241st Street station or Clason's Point (via White Plains Rd)
- Bee-Line 60: to White Plains
- Bee-Line 61: to Port Chester
- Bee-Line 62 Limited: to White Plains
- Gun Hill Road (IRT White Plains Road Line) (2 5)
- Gun Hill Road (IRT Dyre Avenue Line) (5)
- Burke Avenue (2 5)
- Allerton Avenue (2 5)
Allerton and Morris Park generally have a lower rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city as of 2018[update]. While 32% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 24% have less than a high school education and 44% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 26% of Bronx residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher. The percentage of Allerton and Morris Park students excelling in math rose from 32% in 2000 to 48% in 2011, though reading achievement remained constant at 37% during the same time period.
Allerton and Morris Park's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is slightly higher than the rest of New York City. In Allerton and Morris Park, 23% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, a little more than the citywide average of 20%. Additionally, 74% of high school students in Allerton and Morris Park graduate on time, about the same as the citywide average of 75%.
The New York City Department of Education operates the following public schools in Allerton:
- PS 41: Gun Hill Road (grades K-5), Olinville Av. and Rosewood St.
- PS 76: Bennington (grades K-5), Adee and Bronxwood Aves.
- PS 89: Williamsbridge Middle School (grades K-5), Mace Ave. and Williamsbridge Road
- PS 96: Richard Rodgers (grades K-5), Waring and Barker Aves.
- IS 326: Bronx Green Middle School (grades 6-8), Mace and Wallace Aves.
- IS 468: Pelham Academy of Academics and Community Engagement (grades 6-8), Mace and Wallace Aves.
- Christopher Columbus High School, 920 Astor Ave.
The New York Public Library (NYPL) operates two branches nearby. The Allerton branch is located at 2740 Barnes Avenue. It opened in 1959 under a design by Hertz and Salerni and was renovated in 2015. The Eastchester branch is located at 1385 East Gun Hill Road. It has operated since 1950 and moved to its current one-story, 7,500-square-foot (700 m2) location in 1985.
Allerton, Bronx Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.