Antrim County, Michigan facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Antrim County, Michigan
Map

Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the USA highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1840
Seat Bellaire
Largest village Elk Rapids
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

602 sq mi (1,559 km²)
476 sq mi (1,233 km²)
126 sq mi (326 km²), 21%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

23,580
50/sq mi (19/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.antrimcounty.org
Named for: County Antrim

Antrim County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,580. The county seat is Bellaire. The name is taken from County Antrim in Northern Ireland.

YMCA Camp Hayo-Went-Ha, the oldest American summer camp that sits on its original site, occupies about one square mile on the shore of Torch Lake in Central Lake Township. Boys first attended Hayo-Went-Ha (variant of Hiawatha) in 1904.

History

1842 Leelenaw Omeena Negissee Wabbassee Okkuddo Shawwano counties Michigan
A detail from A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances (1842) by Henry Schenck Tanner, showing Antrim County during the period when it was named Meegisee County, its name from 1840 to 1843. The name is misspelled as "Negissee" on the map. Several nearby counties are also shown with names that would later be changed.
See also: History of Northern Michigan

The county was formed in 1840 as Meegisee County. Meegisee (meaning "eagle"), was the name of a Chippewa chief who signed the 1821 Treaty of Chicago and the 1826 Treaty of Mississinwas.

It was renamed Antrim County in 1843, one of the Irish or Scots Irish names given to five renamed Michigan counties at that time, supposedly in deference to the increasing number of settlers of Irish and Scots Irish heritage in Michigan at that time. In the text of the 1843 legislative act, the name was misspelled as "Antim".

Separate county government was organized in 1863. The county seat was originally located in Elk Rapids, but was moved to Bellaire in 1904 after 25 years of litigation. In 1950 its population was 10,721.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 602 square miles (1,560 km2), of which 476 square miles (1,230 km2) is land and 126 square miles (330 km2) (21%) is water.

The county is considered to be part of Northern Michigan. Glaciers shaped the area, creating a unique regional ecosystem. A large portion of the area is the so-called Grayling outwash plain, which consists of broad outwash plain including sandy ice-disintegration ridges; jack pine barrens, some white pine-red pine forest, and northern hardwood forest. Large lakes were created by glacial action.

Major highways

  • US 31
  • US 131
  • M-32
  • M-66
  • M-88
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 179
1870 1,985 1,008.9%
1880 5,237 163.8%
1890 10,413 98.8%
1900 16,568 59.1%
1910 15,692 −5.3%
1920 11,543 −26.4%
1930 9,979 −13.5%
1940 10,964 9.9%
1950 10,721 −2.2%
1960 10,373 −3.2%
1970 12,612 21.6%
1980 16,194 28.4%
1990 18,185 12.3%
2000 23,110 27.1%
2010 23,580 2.0%
Est. 2015 23,154 −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 census, there were 23,580 people, 9,890 households, and 6,925 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 17,824 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (45/km²). 96.8% of the population were White, 1.0% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.4% of some other race and 1.4% of two or more races. 1.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.2% were of German, 13.4% English, 8.9% Irish, 6.9% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 6.9% Polish and 6.4% American ancestry.

There were 9,222 households out of which 26% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 19 to 24, 3.9% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males.

Communities

Villages

Census-Designated Places

Unincorporated communities

Townships


Antrim County, Michigan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.