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Baldwin, Maine
Pequawket Trail c. 1906
Pequawket Trail c. 1906
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Baldwin, Maine is located in Maine
Baldwin, Maine
Baldwin, Maine
Location in Maine
Baldwin, Maine is located in the United States
Baldwin, Maine
Baldwin, Maine
Location in the United States
Baldwin, Maine is located in North America
Baldwin, Maine
Baldwin, Maine
Location in North America
Country United States
State Maine
County Cumberland
Incorporated 1802
Villages Cornish Station
East Baldwin
North Baldwin
West Baldwin
Area
 • Total 36.35 sq mi (94.15 km2)
 • Land 35.32 sq mi (91.48 km2)
 • Water 1.03 sq mi (2.67 km2)
Elevation
679 ft (207 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 1,520
 • Density 43/sq mi (16.6/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-02655
GNIS feature ID 0582338

Baldwin is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,520 at the 2020 census. It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine, metropolitan statistical area.

History

First called Flintstown Plantation, it was granted in 1774 by the Massachusetts General Court to survivors of the Concord, Massachusetts, company commanded by Captain John Flint. It replaced a grant of about 1735 which gave them Township No. 3, because when state borders were adjusted in 1741, the town turned out to be in New Hampshire—present-day Walpole. On June 23, 1802, Flintstown was incorporated as Baldwin, named for Colonel Loammi Baldwin, for whom the Baldwin apple was named. Sebago was set off and incorporated in 1826.

The surface of the town is broken, but with soil favorable to grain and hay. Baldwin would be noted for its orchards, and a factory was established in East Baldwin for drying apples. There was also a corn factory. Brooks provided water power for various mills which produced board lumber, barrel staves and shooks. During times of drought, the Saco Water Power Company could regulate water at Great Falls to run mills down the Saco River in Saco and in Biddeford. The Portland and Ogdensburg Railroad followed the Saco River valley for the length of Baldwin.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.35 square miles (94.15 km2), of which, 35.32 square miles (91.48 km2) of it is land and 1.03 square miles (2.67 km2) is water. Baldwin is drained by Breakneck Brook and the Saco River.

The town is crossed by state routes 5, 107, 113 and 117, and is bordered by Sebago on the north; Standish on the east; Hiram on the west; and Cornish and Limington on the south.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 190
1800 370 94.7%
1810 546 47.6%
1820 1,120 105.1%
1830 947 −15.4%
1840 1,134 19.7%
1850 1,100 −3.0%
1860 1,227 11.5%
1870 1,101 −10.3%
1880 1,123 2.0%
1890 932 −17.0%
1900 821 −11.9%
1910 791 −3.7%
1920 700 −11.5%
1930 694 −0.9%
1940 721 3.9%
1950 725 0.6%
1960 773 6.6%
1970 878 13.6%
1980 1,140 29.8%
1990 1,219 6.9%
2000 1,290 5.8%
2010 1,525 18.2%
2020 1,520 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,525 people, 588 households, and 431 families living in the town. The population density was 43.2 inhabitants per square mile (16.7/km2). There were 700 housing units at an average density of 19.8 per square mile (7.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.9% White, 0.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population.

There were 588 households, of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.7% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the town was 42.4 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 32.3% were from 45 to 64; and 14.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

Site of interest

  • Baldwin Historical Society & Museum

Notable people

  • Isaac W. Dyer, US District Attorney
  • Josiah Pierce, president of the Maine Senate
  • Ledell Titcomb, baseball player
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