Barnwell County, South Carolina facts for kids

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Barnwell County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Barnwell County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the USA highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1800
Seat Barnwell
Largest City Barnwell
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

557 sq mi (1,443 km²)
548 sq mi (1,419 km²)
8.9 sq mi (23 km²), 1.6%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

22,621
41/sq mi (16/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: http://www.barnwellcountysc.us/

Barnwell County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 22,621. Its county seat is Barnwell.

History

The Barnwell District was created in 1797 (effective in 1800) from the southwestern portion of the Orangeburg District, along the Savannah River. It was named after John Barnwell, a local figure in the Revolutionary War.

In 1868, under the South Carolina Constitution revised during Reconstruction, South Carolina districts became counties. The government was made more democratic, with county officials to be elected by male citizens at least 21 years old, rather than by the state legislature as done previously.

In 1871 the legislature took the northwestern portion of the county to form part of the new Aiken County, the only county organized during the Reconstruction era. In 1874 the border with Aiken County was adjusted slightly. This county and Barnwell, with populations of blacks and whites that were nearly equal, had extensive violence in the months before the 1874 and 1876 elections, as groups of paramilitary Red Shirts rode to disrupt black Republican meetings and intimidate voters to suppress black voting. More than 100 black men were killed in Aiken County during the violence, especially at Ellenton, South Carolina.

In 1895 white Democrats in the state legislature passed a new constitution, disfranchising most blacks for more than 60 years by raising barriers to voter registration.

In 1897 the eastern third of the county was taken to form the new Bamberg County. In 1919 most of the southern half of the county was taken to form most of the new Allendale County, thus reducing Barnwell county to its present size.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 557 square miles (1,440 km2), of which 548 square miles (1,420 km2) is land and 8.9 square miles (23 km2) (1.6%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 7,376
1810 12,280 66.5%
1820 14,750 20.1%
1830 19,236 30.4%
1840 21,471 11.6%
1850 26,608 23.9%
1860 30,743 15.5%
1870 35,724 16.2%
1880 39,857 11.6%
1890 44,613 11.9%
1900 35,504 −20.4%
1910 34,209 −3.6%
1920 23,081 −32.5%
1930 21,221 −8.1%
1940 20,138 −5.1%
1950 17,266 −14.3%
1960 17,659 2.3%
1970 17,176 −2.7%
1980 19,868 15.7%
1990 20,293 2.1%
2000 23,478 15.7%
2010 22,621 −3.7%
Est. 2015 21,725 −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 23,478 people, 9,021 households, and 6,431 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 10,191 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 55.18% White, 42.55% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,021 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.40% were married couples living together, 19.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,591, and the median income for a family was $35,866. Males had a median income of $31,161 versus $21,904 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,870. About 17.90% of families and 20.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.30% of those under age 18 and 24.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,621 people, 8,937 households, and 6,055 families residing in the county. The population density was 41.2 inhabitants per square mile (15.9/km2). There were 10,484 housing units at an average density of 19.1 per square mile (7.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 52.6% white, 44.3% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 11.5% were American, 5.7% were German, and 5.4% were English.

Of the 8,937 households, 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 20.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.2% were non-families, and 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 38.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,816 and the median income for a family was $41,764. Males had a median income of $35,957 versus $30,291 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,592. About 20.8% of families and 25.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.6% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Towns


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