Allendale County, South Carolina facts for kids

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Allendale County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Allendale County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the USA highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1919
Seat Allendale
Largest town Allendale
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

412 sq mi (1,067 km²)
408 sq mi (1,057 km²)
4.3 sq mi (11 km²), 1.0%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

10,419
26/sq mi (10/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.allendalecounty.com
Named for: Paul H. Allen

Allendale County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,419, making it the second-least populous county in South Carolina. Its county seat is Allendale.

History

Allendale County was formed in 1919 from southwestern portions of Barnwell County, along the Savannah River. It is the location of the Topper Site, an archeological excavation providing possible evidence of a pre-Clovis culture dating back 50,000 years. The site is near a source of chert on private land in Martin owned by Clariant Corporation, a Swiss chemical company with a plant there. The site, named after John Topper, a local resident who discovered it, has been under excavation by archeologists from the University of South Carolina for about one month a year since 1999, after an initial exploratory dig in the mid-1980s.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 412 square miles (1,070 km2), of which 408 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (1.0%) is water. The Savannah River forms the county's western border with Georgia.

Allendale is 62 miles from Augusta, Georgia; 73 miles from Savannah, Georgia; 87 miles from Columbia; and 90 miles from Charleston. Before interstate highways were built, Allendale had several motels, primarily serving travelers going between Northeastern states and Florida. Traffic that formerly traveled U.S. 301 through Allendale now uses Interstate-95.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 278
  • US 301
  • US 321

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 16,098
1930 13,294 −17.4%
1940 13,040 −1.9%
1950 11,773 −9.7%
1960 11,362 −3.5%
1970 9,692 −14.7%
1980 10,700 10.4%
1990 11,722 9.6%
2000 11,211 −4.4%
2010 10,419 −7.1%
Est. 2015 9,433 −9.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,211 people, 3,915 households and 2,615 families residing in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 4,568 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.0 percent Black or African American, 27.37 percent White, 0.12 percent Asian, 0.09 percent Native American, 0.06 percent Pacific Islander, 0.85 percent from other races, and 0.51 percent from two or more races. 1.61 percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,915 households out of which 30.3 percent had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.8 percent were married couples living together, 25.8 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2 percent were non-families. 30.0 percent of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3 percent had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.6 percent under the age of 18, 9.8 percent from 18 to 24, 28.2 percent from 25 to 44, 22.8 percent from 45 to 64, and 12.7 percent who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 108.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.5 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $20,898, and the median income for a family was $27,348. Males had a median income of $25,930 versus $20,318 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,293. About 28.4 percent of families and 34.5 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.1 percent of those under age 18 and 26.00 percent of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,419 people, 3,706 households, and 2,333 families residing in the county. The population density was 25.5 inhabitants per square mile (9.8/km2). There were 4,486 housing units at an average density of 11.0 per square mile (4.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 73.6% black or African American, 23.7% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, and 5.6% were American.

Of the 3,706 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.5% were married couples living together, 26.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.0% were non-families, and 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age was 38.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $20,081 and the median income for a family was $25,146. Males had a median income of $30,440 versus $28,889 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,190. About 35.7% of families and 42.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 53.8% of those under age 18 and 27.4% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Towns

Unincorporated community


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