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Hampton County, South Carolina facts for kids

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Hampton County
Hampton County Courthouse
Hampton County Courthouse
Map of South Carolina highlighting Hampton County
Location within the U.S. state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  South Carolina
Founded 1878
Seat Hampton
Largest town Hampton
 • Total 563 sq mi (1,460 km2)
 • Land 560 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7 km2)  0.5%%
 • Total 21,090
 • Estimate 
 • Density 37.46/sq mi (14.463/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 6th

Hampton County is a rural county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,090. Its county seat is Hampton. It was named for Confederate Civil War general Wade Hampton, who in the late 1870s, with the ending of Reconstruction, was elected as governor of South Carolina. The county includes two small urban clusters: Hampton (2000 pop.: 4,011) and Estill (3,637).


After pushing out the Native Americans, English colonists and later European Americans developed the land largely for rice and cotton plantations, lucrative commodity crops dependent on the labor and skills of enslaved African Americans.

The county had a peak of population in 1910, when agriculture was still the mainstay of the economy. Thousands of African Americans left after that for urban areas, especially in the North, in the Great Migration. The mechanization of agriculture reduced farm jobs.

Since 1970 the county's population has begun to increase, in part due to people wanting second homes in rural areas or coming here to retire.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 563 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 560 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

State protected area

  • Lake Warren State Park


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 18,741
1890 20,544 9.6%
1900 23,738 15.5%
1910 25,126 5.8%
1920 19,550 −22.2%
1930 17,243 −11.8%
1940 17,465 1.3%
1950 18,027 3.2%
1960 17,425 −3.3%
1970 15,878 −8.9%
1980 18,159 14.4%
1990 18,191 0.2%
2000 21,386 17.6%
2010 21,090 −1.4%
2020 (est.) 19,096 −9.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,090 people, 7,598 households, and 5,211 families living in the county. The population density was 37.7 inhabitants per square mile (14.6/km2). There were 9,140 housing units at an average density of 16.3 per square mile (6.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 53.9% black or African American, 42.7% white, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 6.4% were Irish, 6.3% were American, 5.6% were German, and 5.3% were English.

Of the 7,598 households, 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.15. The median age was 38.4 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,846 and the median income for a family was $43,234. Males had a median income of $31,935 versus $26,826 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,262. About 17.2% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.9% of those under age 18 and 19.7% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Hampton County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 7,802 42.03%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 9,536 51.38%
Native American 41 0.22%
Asian 100 0.54%
Pacific Islander 17 0.09%
Other/Mixed 399 2.15%
Hispanic or Latino 666 3.59%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 18,561 people, 6,993 households, and 4,148 families residing in the county.



Unincorporated communities

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Hampton para niños

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