Hampton County, South Carolina facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Hampton County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Hampton County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the USA highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1878
Seat Hampton
Largest town Hampton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

563 sq mi (1,458 km²)
560 sq mi (1,450 km²)
2.8 sq mi (7 km²), 0.5%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

21,090
38/sq mi (15/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.hamptoncountysc.org

Hampton County is a rural county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,090. Its county seat is Hampton. It was named for Confederate Civil War general Wade Hampton, who in the late 1870s was elected as governor of South Carolina. The county includes two small urban clusters: Hampton (2000 pop.: 4,011) and Estill (3,637).

History

After pushing out the Native Americans, English colonists and later European Americans developed the land largely for rice and cotton plantations, lucrative commodity crops dependent on the labor and skills of enslaved African Americans.

The county had a peak of population in 1910, when agriculture was still the mainstay of the economy. Thousands of African Americans left after that for urban areas, especially in the North, in the Great Migration. The mechanization of agriculture reduced farm jobs.

Since 1970 the county's population has begun to increase, in part due to people wanting second homes in rural areas or coming here to retire.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 563 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 560 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Ernest F. Hollings ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge (part)

State protected area

  • Lake Warren State Park

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 18,741
1890 20,544 9.6%
1900 23,738 15.5%
1910 25,126 5.8%
1920 19,550 −22.2%
1930 17,243 −11.8%
1940 17,465 1.3%
1950 18,027 3.2%
1960 17,425 −3.3%
1970 15,878 −8.9%
1980 18,159 14.4%
1990 18,191 0.2%
2000 21,386 17.6%
2010 21,090 −1.4%
Est. 2015 20,049 −4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 21,386 people, 7,444 households, and 5,315 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 8,582 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 42.89% White, 55.67% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 0.43% from two or more races. 2.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,444 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples living together, 18.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 103.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,771, and the median income for a family was $34,559. Males had a median income of $29,440 versus $20,418 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,129. About 17.80% of families and 21.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.60% of those under age 18 and 21.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,090 people, 7,598 households, and 5,211 families residing in the county. The population density was 37.7 inhabitants per square mile (14.6/km2). There were 9,140 housing units at an average density of 16.3 per square mile (6.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 53.9% black or African American, 42.7% white, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 6.4% were Irish, 6.3% were American, 5.6% were German, and 5.3% were English.

Of the 7,598 households, 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.15. The median age was 38.4 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,846 and the median income for a family was $43,234. Males had a median income of $31,935 versus $26,826 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,262. About 17.2% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.9% of those under age 18 and 19.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Towns

Unincorporated communities


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