Effingham County, Georgia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Effingham County, Georgia
Map

Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the USA highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 5, 1777
Seat Springfield
Largest City Rincon
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

483 sq mi (1,251 km²)
478 sq mi (1,238 km²)
5.2 sq mi (13 km²), 1.1%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

52,250
109/sq mi (42/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.effga.com
Named for: Thomas Howard, 3rd Earl of Effingham

Effingham County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,250. The seat is Springfield.

Effingham County is included in the Savannah, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 2008, Effingham County was ranked as the sixth fastest-growing midsize county in the nation from 2000 to 2007 by the U.S. Census Bureau. The county had a 35.1% growth rate over that period.

History

Effingham was among the original counties of the state of Georgia, created February 5, 1777 during the American Revolution from the colonial parishes of St. Matthew and St. Phillip. Its name honors Lord Effingham, an English champion of colonial rights, who resigned his commission rather than fight against the rebel colonists during the American Revolution.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 483 square miles (1,250 km2), of which 478 square miles (1,240 km2) is land and 5.2 square miles (13 km2) (1.1%) is water.

The entire western edge of Effingham County, from south of Newington to east of Guyton, then south to southwest of Meldrim, is located in the Lower Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin. The bulk of the rest of the county is located in the Lower Savannah River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. A narrow rectangular portion of south Effingham County, from south of Pineora through Meldrim, is located in the Ogeechee Coastal sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin.

Major highways

  • I-16.svg Interstate 16
  • I-95.svg Interstate 95
  • US 80.svg U.S. Route 80
  • Georgia 17.svg State Route 17
  • Georgia 21.svg State Route 21
  • Georgia 21 Spur.svg State Route 21 Spur
  • Georgia 26.svg State Route 26
  • Georgia 30.svg State Route 30
  • Georgia 119.svg State Route 119
  • Georgia 275.svg State Route 275
  • Georgia 404.svg State Route 404 (unsigned designation for I-16)
  • Georgia 405.svg State Route 405 (unsigned designation for I-95)
  • Georgia 565.svg Savannah River Parkway

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Savannah National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 2,424
1800 2,072 −14.5%
1810 2,586 24.8%
1820 3,018 16.7%
1830 2,924 −3.1%
1840 3,075 5.2%
1850 3,864 25.7%
1860 4,755 23.1%
1870 4,214 −11.4%
1880 5,979 41.9%
1890 5,599 −6.4%
1900 8,334 48.8%
1910 9,971 19.6%
1920 9,985 0.1%
1930 10,164 1.8%
1940 9,646 −5.1%
1950 9,133 −5.3%
1960 10,144 11.1%
1970 13,632 34.4%
1980 18,327 34.4%
1990 25,687 40.2%
2000 37,535 46.1%
2010 52,250 39.2%
Est. 2015 57,106 9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 37,535 people, 13,151 households, and 10,494 families residing in the county. The population density was 78 people per square mile (30/km²). There were 14,169 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.66% White, or European Americans, 12.99% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 1.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,151 households out of which 43.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.30% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.20% were non-families. 16.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.90% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 8.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,505, and the median income for a family was $50,351. Males had a median income of $39,238 versus $23,814 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,873. About 7.10% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.80% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 52,250 people, 18,092 households, and 14,139 families residing in the county. The population density was 109.4 inhabitants per square mile (42.2/km2). There were 19,884 housing units at an average density of 41.6 per square mile (16.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.6% white, 13.5% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.6% were German, 17.0% were Irish, 14.0% were English, and 10.2% were American.

Of the 18,092 households, 43.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.8% were non-families, and 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.22. The median age was 35.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $56,903 and the median income for a family was $63,277. Males had a median income of $49,646 versus $34,554 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,465. About 8.0% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities


Effingham County, Georgia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.