Chatham County, Georgia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Chatham County, Georgia
Seal of Chatham County, Georgia
Map

Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the USA highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 5, 1777
Seat Savannah
Largest City Savannah
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

632 sq mi (1,637 km²)
426 sq mi (1,103 km²)
206 sq mi (534 km²), 32.6%
PopulationEst.
 - (2016)
 - Density

289,082
622/sq mi (240/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.chathamcounty.org
Named for: William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham

Chatham County is a county in the U.S. state of Georgia, and is located on the state's Atlantic coast. The county seat and largest city is Savannah. One of the original counties of Georgia, Chatham County was created February 5, 1777, and is named after William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham.

The U.S. Census Bureau's 2016 population estimate for Chatham County was 289,082 residents, making Chatham the most populous Georgia county outside the Atlanta metropolitan area. In the official 2010 census, the population of Chatham County was 265,128. Chatham is the core county of the Savannah metropolitan area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 632 square miles (1,640 km2), of which 426 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 206 square miles (530 km2) (32.6%) is water.

Chatham County is the northernmost of Georgia's coastal counties on the Atlantic Ocean. It is bounded on the northeast by the Savannah River, and in the southwest bounded by the Ogeechee River.

The bulk of Chatham County, an area with a northern border in a line from Bloomingdale to Tybee Island, is located in the Ogeechee Coastal sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin. The portion of the county north of that line is located in the Lower Savannah River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, while the very southern fringes of the Chatham County are located in the Lower Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin.

Major highways

  • I-16 (GA).svg Interstate 16
  • I-95 (GA).svg Interstate 95
  • I-516 (GA).svg Interstate 516
  • US 17.svg U.S. Route 17
  • US 80.svg U.S. Route 80
  • Georgia 17.svg State Route 17
  • Georgia 21.svg State Route 21
  • Georgia 21 Spur.svg State Route 21 Spur
  • Georgia 25.svg State Route 25
  • Georgia 26.svg State Route 26
  • State Route 26 Connector
  • Georgia 30.svg State Route 30
  • Georgia 204.svg State Route 204
  • Georgia 204 Spur.svg State Route 204 Spur
  • Georgia 307.svg State Route 307
  • Georgia 404.svg State Route 404 (unsigned designation for I-16)
  • Georgia 404 Spur.svg State Route 404 Spur
  • Georgia 405.svg State Route 405 (unsigned designation for I-95)
  • Georgia 421.svg State Route 421 (unsigned designation for I-516)
  • Georgia 565.svg Savannah River Parkway

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Fort Pulaski National Monument
  • Savannah National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Wassaw National Wildlife Refuge

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 10,769
1800 12,946 20.2%
1810 13,540 4.6%
1820 14,737 8.8%
1830 14,127 −4.1%
1840 18,801 33.1%
1850 23,901 27.1%
1860 31,043 29.9%
1870 41,279 33.0%
1880 45,023 9.1%
1890 57,740 28.2%
1900 71,239 23.4%
1910 79,690 11.9%
1920 100,032 25.5%
1930 105,431 5.4%
1940 117,970 11.9%
1950 151,481 28.4%
1960 188,299 24.3%
1970 187,767 −0.3%
1980 202,226 7.7%
1990 216,935 7.3%
2000 232,048 7.0%
2010 265,128 14.3%
Est. 2016 289,082 9.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 265,128 people, 103,038 households, and 64,613 families residing in the county. The population density was 621.7 inhabitants per square mile (240.0/km2). There were 119,323 housing units at an average density of 279.8 per square mile (108.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 52.8% white, 40.1% black or African American, 2.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.2% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 9.8% were Irish, 8.7% were English, 7.9% were German, and 4.6% were American.

Of the 103,038 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.3% were non-families, and 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 34.0 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,928 and the median income for a family was $54,933. Males had a median income of $42,239 versus $31,778 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,397. About 11.6% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Municipalities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places (unincorporated)

Other unincorporated communities


Chatham County, Georgia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.