kids encyclopedia robot

Chatham County, Georgia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Chatham County
Chatham County Administrative and Legislative Center in Savannah
Chatham County Administrative and Legislative Center in Savannah
Official seal of Chatham County
Seal
Map of Georgia highlighting Chatham County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded February 5, 1777; 245 years ago (1777)
Named for William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham
Seat Savannah
Largest city Savannah
Area
 • Total 632 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Land 426 sq mi (1,100 km2)
 • Water 206 sq mi (530 km2)  32.6%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 295,291
 • Density 622/sq mi (240/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 1st

Chatham County ( CHAT-əm) is located in the U.S. state of Georgia, on the state's Atlantic coast. The county seat and largest city is Savannah. One of the original counties of Georgia, Chatham County was created February 5, 1777, and is named after William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham.

The U.S. Census Bureau's official 2020 population for Chatham County was 295,291 residents. This was an increase of 11.4% from the official 2010 population of 265,128 residents. Chatham is the sixth most populous county in Georgia, and the most populous Georgia county outside the Atlanta metropolitan area. Chatham is the core county of the Savannah metropolitan area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 632 square miles (1,640 km2), of which 426 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 206 square miles (530 km2) (32.6%) is water.

Chatham County is the northernmost of Georgia's coastal counties on the Atlantic Ocean. It is bounded on the northeast by the Savannah River, and in the southwest bounded by the Ogeechee River.

The bulk of Chatham County, an area with a northern border in a line from Bloomingdale to Tybee Island, is located in the Ogeechee Coastal sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin. The portion of the county north of that line is located in the Lower Savannah River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, while the very southern fringes of the Chatham County are located in the Lower Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin.

Major highways

  • I-16 (GA).svg Interstate 16
  • I-95 (GA).svg Interstate 95
  • I-516 (GA).svg Interstate 516
  • US 17.svg U.S. Route 17
  • US 80.svg U.S. Route 80
  • Georgia 17.svg State Route 17
  • Georgia 21.svg State Route 21
  • Georgia 21 Spur.svg State Route 21 Spur
  • Georgia 25.svg State Route 25
  • Georgia 26.svg State Route 26
  • State Route 26 Connector
  • Georgia 30.svg State Route 30
  • Georgia 204.svg State Route 204
  • Georgia 204 Spur.svg State Route 204 Spur
  • Georgia 307.svg State Route 307
  • Georgia 404.svg State Route 404 (unsigned designation for I-16)
  • Georgia 404 Spur.svg State Route 404 Spur
  • Georgia 405.svg State Route 405 (unsigned designation for I-95)
  • Georgia 421.svg State Route 421 (unsigned designation for I-516)
  • Georgia 565.svg Savannah River Parkway

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 10,769
1800 12,946 20.2%
1810 13,540 4.6%
1820 14,737 8.8%
1830 14,127 −4.1%
1840 18,801 33.1%
1850 23,901 27.1%
1860 31,043 29.9%
1870 41,279 33.0%
1880 45,023 9.1%
1890 57,740 28.2%
1900 71,239 23.4%
1910 79,690 11.9%
1920 100,032 25.5%
1930 105,431 5.4%
1940 117,970 11.9%
1950 151,481 28.4%
1960 188,299 24.3%
1970 187,767 −0.3%
1980 202,226 7.7%
1990 216,935 7.3%
2000 232,048 7.0%
2010 265,128 14.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000

2020 census

Chatham County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 139,433 47.22%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 108,011 36.58%
Native American 619 0.21%
Asian 10,620 3.6%
Pacific Islander 408 0.14%
Other/Mixed 12,410 4.2%
Hispanic or Latino 23,790 8.06%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 295,291 people, 107,987 households, and 65,889 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, 265,128 people, 103,038 households, and 64,613 families were residing in the county. The population density was 621.7 inhabitants per square mile (240.0/km2). There were 119,323 housing units at an average density of 279.8 per square mile (108.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 52.8% White, 40.1% African American, 2.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 2.3% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos made up 5.4% of the population. In ancestry, 9.8% were Irish, 8.7% were English, 7.9% were German, and 4.6% were American.

Of the 103,038 households, 31.3% had children under 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.3% were not families; 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45, and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 34.0 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,928 and for a family was $54,933. Males had a median income of $42,239 versus $31,778 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,397. About 11.6% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Municipalities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places (unincorporated)

Other unincorporated communities

Education

Savannah-Chatham County Public School System building
Savannah-Chatham County Public Schools headquarters
See also: Savannah, Georgia#Education

Public schools are operated by Savannah-Chatham County Public Schools.

kids search engine
Chatham County, Georgia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.