Bedford, Indiana facts for kids

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Bedford, Indiana
City
Motto: "United In Hometown Values And Committed To Growth For Future Generations"
Bedford's location in Lawrence County (left) and the state of Indiana (right).
Bedford's location in Lawrence County (left)
and the state of Indiana (right).
Country United States United States
State Indiana Indiana
County Lawrence
Township Shawswick
Incorporated (Town) 1864
Incorporated (City) 1889
Area
 • Total 12.16 sq mi (31.49 km2)
 • Land 12.16 sq mi (31.49 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 686 ft (209 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 13,413
 • Estimate (2012) 13,402
 • Density 1,103.0/sq mi (425.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC−4)
ZIP code 47421
Area codes 812 and 930
FIPS code 18-04114
GNIS feature ID 450667
Website bedford.in.us

Bedford is a city in Shawswick Township, Lawrence County, Indiana, United States. The population was 13,413 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Lawrence County.

Early history

Bedford was laid out as a town and the county seat of Lawrence County, Indiana, United States around 1825. The original county seat was in Palestine, four miles to the south, but was moved, at the urging of the legislature, to a new location as the original location near the White River was deemed unhealthy because of malaria spread by mosquitoes. The new site was named Bedford at the suggestion of a prominent local businessman, Joseph Rawlins, who had relocated to the area from Bedford County, Tennessee. It incorporated as a town in 1864 and received its city charter in 1889. Bedford was a stop on the Underground Railroad.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, Bedford has a total area of 12.16 square miles (31.49 km2), all land. The city is known as the "Limestone Capital of the World" because of its large limestone quarries that are around the area. Some of the limestone was used to make the Empire State Building and The Pentagon. Bedford is situated about 70 miles south of Indianapolis and 18 miles south of Bloomington.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bedford has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. On May 25, 2011, an EF3 tornado touched down near Bedford, closing U.S. Route 50 temporarily.

Climate data for Bedford, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 75
(23.9)
75
(23.9)
87
(30.6)
92
(33.3)
103
(39.4)
108
(42.2)
111
(43.9)
109
(42.8)
105
(40.6)
92
(33.3)
83
(28.3)
75
(23.9)
111
(43.9)
Average high °F (°C) 37
(2.8)
43
(6.1)
53
(11.7)
64
(17.8)
74
(23.3)
82
(27.8)
86
(30)
85
(29.4)
79
(26.1)
67
(19.4)
54
(12.2)
42
(5.6)
63.8
(17.67)
Average low °F (°C) 18
(-7.8)
22
(-5.6)
31
(-0.6)
40
(4.4)
51
(10.6)
60
(15.6)
64
(17.8)
62
(16.7)
53
(11.7)
41
(5)
33
(0.6)
23
(-5)
41.5
(5.28)
Record low °F (°C) −29
(-33.9)
−18
(-27.8)
−6
(-21.1)
13
(-10.6)
27
(-2.8)
37
(2.8)
45
(7.2)
41
(5)
27
(-2.8)
16
(-8.9)
−3
(-19.4)
−23
(-30.6)
−29
(-33.9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.75
(69.9)
2.7
(69)
3.77
(95.8)
4.47
(113.5)
5.04
(128)
4.11
(104.4)
4.53
(115.1)
4.2
(107)
3.1
(79)
3.24
(82.3)
3.94
(100.1)
3.3
(84)
45.15
(1,146.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 6.5
(16.5)
5.1
(13)
2.9
(7.4)
0.2
(0.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
3.5
(8.9)
19.1
(48.5)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 962
1880 2,198
1890 3,351 52.5%
1900 6,115 82.5%
1910 8,716 42.5%
1920 9,076 4.1%
1930 13,208 45.5%
1940 12,514 −5.3%
1950 12,562 0.4%
1960 13,024 3.7%
1970 13,087 0.5%
1980 14,410 10.1%
1990 13,817 −4.1%
2000 13,768 −0.4%
2010 13,413 −2.6%
Est. 2015 13,347 −0.5%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 13,413 people, 5,801 households, and 3,426 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,103.0 inhabitants per square mile (425.9/km2). There were 6,553 housing units at an average density of 538.9 per square mile (208.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.2% White, 0.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

There were 5,801 households of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.9% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the city was 41.5 years. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.5% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 20.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 13,768 people, 6,054 households, and 3,644 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,157.1 people per square mile (446.7/km2). There were 6,618 housing units at an average density of 556.2 per square mile (214.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.87% White, 0.79% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.70% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population.

There were 6,054 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,022, and the median income for a family was $39,462. Males had a median income of $31,956 versus $22,578 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,649. About 7.4% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

  • No Interstate highways are nearby; the closest is Interstate 69, approximately 20 miles (35 km) west.
  • U.S. Highway 50 goes through the heart of the city, connecting Bedford with Seymour to the east, and Vincennes to the west. Travel through Southern Indiana is often somewhat inconvenient, however, due to the hilly nature of the area.
  • State Road 37 connects Bedford to Bloomington to the north and Mitchell to the south.
  • Bedford is served by one railroad: Indiana Rail Road, via the former Monon Railroad line to Louisville, Kentucky, and on the Canadian Pacific Railway's former Milwaukee Road line to Terre Haute, Indiana with connections to Chicago. (The Canadian Pacific line was sold to the Indiana Rail Road, on July 1, 2006.)

Profiles of Bedford

Bedford, Indiana was featured as the subject of an hour-long PBS special entitled Our Town: Bedford, first aired in May 2006. It was produced by PBS affiliate WTIU in Bloomington, Indiana.

Bedford was recognized by the State of Indiana in 2013 by being named a Stellar Community. The Stellar Communities program is under the direction of Lieutenant Governor Sue Ellspermann and is a multi-agency partnership among the Indiana Housing and Community Development Authority, the Indiana Office of Community and Rural Affairs, the Indiana Department of Transportation and the State Revolving Fund. Only two Indiana communities are designated as such each year; Richmond was the other 2013 winner. The award brings $19 million in state, local and private funds to Bedford for planned improvements.

Bedford was also named the Indiana Chamber of Commerce's 2013 Community of the Year. Past Community of the Year recipients: 2013: Bedford 2012: Indianapolis 2011: Kokomo 2010: Terre Haute 2009: Valparaiso 2008: Noblesville 2007: Anderson 2006: Evansville 2005: LaPorte 2004: Muncie 2003: Warsaw 2002: Marion 2001: Greater Lafayette 2000: Jeffersonville 1999: Fort Wayne 1998: Rochester 1997: Batesville 1996: Elkhart 1995: Indianapolis 1994: Kendallville 1993: St. Joseph County 1992: Columbus 1991: Muncie 1990: Bluffton

Nearby points of interest

  • Bluespring Caverns
  • Nashville, Indiana
  • Spring Mill State Park
  • West Baden Springs Hotel
  • The Bedford Courthouse Square Historic District, Indiana Limestone Company Building, Madden School, C.S. Norton Mansion, Otis Park and Golf Course, William A. Ragsdale House, and Zahn Historic District are listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Images for kids


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