Bolton, Connecticut facts for kids

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Bolton, Connecticut
Town
Official seal of Bolton, Connecticut
Seal
Motto: "A Town For All Seasons"
Location within Tolland County, Connecticut
Location within Tolland County, Connecticut
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA Hartford
Region Capitol Region
Incorporated 1720
Area
 • Total 14.7 sq mi (38.1 km2)
 • Land 14.4 sq mi (37.3 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation 728 ft (222 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,986
 • Density 339.2/sq mi (130.87/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06043
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-06260
GNIS feature ID 0213393
Website bolton.govoffice.com

Bolton is a small rural town in Tolland County, Connecticut, United States. It is primarily residential, with an economy made up primarily of small businesses. The high school typically has between fifty and one hundred students per class. The population was 4,986 as of the 2010 census. Bolton was incorporated in October 1720 and is governed by town meeting.

History

Originally part of the town of Hartford, the area was referred to as Hartford Mountains or Hanover, until incorporation in October 1720. The northern half of Bolton was set aside in 1808 to form the town of Vernon. Quarries played a significant role in the area's developing economy, and Bolton Notch became the location of the small community of Quarryville. Prior to the railroad, granite was taken by oxcart to the Connecticut River where it was then shipped to major cities on the East Coast.

On November 11, 1723, Jonathan Edwards was installed as the pastor of Bolton.

March route of Rochambeaus army
Encampment site with Rose's Farm in background

It is widely speculated that in 1781, George Washington stayed at a home in Bolton.

Climate

Bolton, like much of Tolland County, straddles the humid continental climate (Dfa) and (Dfb) line.

Climate data for Bolton, Connecticut
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(17.8)
69
(20.6)
83
(28.3)
93
(33.9)
92
(33.3)
96
(35.6)
97
(36.1)
96
(35.6)
96
(35.6)
86
(30)
78
(25.6)
71
(21.7)
97
(36.1)
Average high °F (°C) 35
(1.7)
38
(3.3)
47
(8.3)
58
(14.4)
69
(20.6)
76
(24.4)
81
(27.2)
80
(26.7)
72
(22.2)
62
(16.7)
51
(10.6)
40
(4.4)
59.1
(15.05)
Average low °F (°C) 13
(-10.6)
15
(-9.4)
24
(-4.4)
33
(0.6)
43
(6.1)
52
(11.1)
57
(13.9)
56
(13.3)
46
(7.8)
35
(1.7)
29
(-1.7)
20
(-6.7)
35.3
(1.81)
Record low °F (°C) −32
(-35.6)
−27
(-32.8)
−24
(-31.1)
4
(-15.6)
20
(-6.7)
27
(-2.8)
34
(1.1)
28
(-2.2)
19
(-7.2)
13
(-10.6)
-5
(-20.6)
−19
(-28.3)
−32
(-35.6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.38
(111.3)
3.11
(79)
4.32
(109.7)
4.54
(115.3)
3.96
(100.6)
4.25
(108)
4.08
(103.6)
4.07
(103.4)
4.54
(115.3)
4.56
(115.8)
4.64
(117.9)
4.02
(102.1)
50.47
(1,281.9)
Source: The Weather Channel (Historical Monthly Averages)

Education

Bolton High School is a public school with about three to four hundred students. It underwent major renovations and expansion during 2011, including a new outdoor seating area for the cafeteria, a larger and more technologically advanced library, computer labs and media center, and a new science wing and larger administrative offices. Several other improvements were made including parking, bus lanes and the Board of Education offices being moved to the location.

The school has a student-teacher ratio of about 12:1 and a combined math and reading proficiency level of 92.5%. U.S. News & World Report ranked it #27 in Connecticut and #1030 in the United States, and it earned a Silver Award in 2012.

Bolton High is affiliated with the NCCC athletic conference.

Geography

Bolton Green Historic District
Bolton Green

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.7 square miles (38 km2), of which, 14.4 square miles (37 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (1.91%) is water. It includes the Bolton Green Historic District.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 731
1850 600
1860 683 13.8%
1870 576 −15.7%
1880 512 −11.1%
1890 452 −11.7%
1900 457 1.1%
1910 433 −5.3%
1920 448 3.5%
1930 504 12.5%
1940 728 44.4%
1950 1,279 75.7%
1960 2,933 129.3%
1970 3,691 25.8%
1980 3,951 7.0%
1990 4,575 15.8%
2000 5,017 9.7%
2010 4,980 −0.7%
Est. 2014 4,952 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income

As of the census of 2010, there are 4,986 people, 1,918 households, and 1,441 families residing in the town. The town consists primarily of middle-class families with some working-class families/individuals and small businesses. There are also a few larger commercial entities, notably the Simoniz corporation, specializing in automotive and car wash cleaning supplies.

The population density is 348.2 people per square mile (134.4/km²). There are 2,018 housing units at an average density of 136.6 per square mile (52.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town is 95.70% White, 1.10% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.40% Asian, and 3.00% identified as Latino or Hispanic Latino/Hispanic.

The median age is 45.4; 49.4% male and 50.6% female.

95% of housing units are occupied, 86.7% of which are owned and 13.3% rented, including apartments and condominiums.

The median household income is $93,348, including joint households. Poverty levels are low, with about 1.3% living at or below the poverty line.

About 475 military veterans reside in Bolton.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 27, 2015
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Democratic 947 85 1,032 29.78%
Republican 876 49 925 26.70%
Unaffiliated 1,325 140 1,465 42.28%
Minor Parties 38 5 43 1.24%
Total 3,186 279 3,465 100%

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