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Tolland County, Connecticut facts for kids

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Tolland County
County of Tolland
The University of Connecticut's main campus, in Storrs.
The University of Connecticut's main campus, in Storrs.
Map of Connecticut highlighting Tolland County
Location within the U.S. state of Connecticut
Map of the United States highlighting Connecticut
Connecticut's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Connecticut
Founded 1785
Seat none (since 1960)
Tolland (1785-1889)
Rockville (1889-1960)
Largest town Vernon
Area
 • Total 417 sq mi (1,080 km2)
 • Land 410 sq mi (1,100 km2)
 • Water 6.8 sq mi (18 km2)  1.6%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 149,788
 • Density 359.2/sq mi (138.69/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 2nd


Tolland County is a county in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Connecticut. As of the 2020 census, its population was 149,788. It is incorporated into 13 towns and was originally formed on 13 October 1785 from portions of eastern Hartford County and western Windham County.It is also home to the WARLOCKS Mc, Tolland County Chapter.

The county is included in the Hartford-East Hartford-Middletown, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Counties in Connecticut have no governmental function; all legal power is vested in the state, city and town governments. The office of High Sheriff in Connecticut counties was officially abolished by ballot in 2000, and corrections and court services were transferred to the state marshals. Tolland County has the same boundaries as the Tolland Judicial District.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 417 square miles (1,080 km2), of which 410 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 6.8 square miles (18 km2) (1.6%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Connecticut by land area and smallest by total area.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 13,251
1800 14,319 8.1%
1810 13,779 −3.8%
1820 14,330 4.0%
1830 18,702 30.5%
1840 17,980 −3.9%
1850 20,091 11.7%
1860 20,709 3.1%
1870 22,000 6.2%
1880 24,112 9.6%
1890 25,081 4.0%
1900 24,523 −2.2%
1910 26,459 7.9%
1920 27,216 2.9%
1930 28,659 5.3%
1940 31,866 11.2%
1950 44,709 40.3%
1960 68,737 53.7%
1970 103,440 50.5%
1980 114,823 11.0%
1990 128,699 12.1%
2000 136,364 6.0%
2010 152,691 12.0%
2020 149,788 −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2018
CountyJailMuseumTollandCT gobeirne
Old Tolland County Jail

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 152,691 people, 54,477 households, and 36,707 families living in the county. The population density was 372.2 inhabitants per square mile (143.7/km2). There were 57,963 housing units at an average density of 141.3 per square mile (54.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.8% white, 3.4% Asian, 3.3% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 22.0% were Irish, 16.8% were Italian, 14.3% were English, 14.2% were German, 10.6% were Polish, 5.6% were French Canadian, and 3.5% were American.

Of the 54,477 households, 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.6% were non-families, and 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 38.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $77,175 and the median income for a family was $91,631. Males had a median income of $62,579 versus $46,818 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,108. About 3.2% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Demographic breakdown by town

Income

Data is from the 2010 United States Census and the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.

Rank Town Per capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
Population Number of
households
1 Bolton Town $42,312 $89,432 $93,472 4,980 1,915
2 Tolland Town $41,883 $99,764 $108,564 15,052 5,312
3 Hebron Town $39,416 $108,444 $112,894 9,686 3,398
4 Andover Town $38,710 $84,274 $96,286 3,303 1,244
5 Ellington Town $37,322 $81,582 $95,547 15,602 6,257
6 Columbia Town $36,865 $85,893 $102,353 5,485 2,154
7 Somers Town $35,134 $98,977 $108,636 11,444 3,328
8 Coventry Town $34,524 $86,244 $91,931 12,435 4,783
9 Vernon Town $33,160 $61,103 $77,649 29,179 12,976
10 Union Town $32,032 $79,911 $84,750 854 334
11 Willington Town $29,616 $62,500 $96,422 6,041 2,423
12 Stafford Town $28,027 $64,494 $69,789 12,087 4,767
13 Mansfield Town $21,579 $65,839 $84,128 26,543 5,586

Race

Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates, "Race alone or in combination with one or more other races."

Rank Town Population White Black Asian American
Indian
Other Hispanic
1 Vernon Town 29,199 88.5% 8.8% 4.0% 0.8% 1.8% 7.1%
2 Mansfield Town 26,130 84.4% 6.2% 10.7% 0.3% 1.8% 6.3%
3 Ellington Town 15,394 96.0% 1.6% 2.7% 0.3% 0.2% 1.1%
4 Tolland Town 14,931 97.2% 1.9% 2.4% 1.5% 0.4% 3.1%
5 Coventry Town 12,402 97.1% 1.6% 1.7% 0.6% 0.3% 2.1%
6 Stafford Town 12,055 97.4% 1.2% 1.6% 0.6% 0.9% 3.3%
7 Somers Town 11,385 85.3% 10.0% 2.8% 0.6% 4.0% 5.8%
8 Hebron Town 9,620 99.0% 0.0% 1.6% 0.9% 0.5% 2.4%
9 Willington Town 6,070 98.9% 3.7% 0.2% 0.7% 0.2% 2.4%
10 Columbia Town 5,449 97.8% 1.9% 1.7% 1.9% 0.4% 2.1%
11 Bolton Town 5,006 98.0% 2.9% 0.0% 0.9% 0.8% 4.5%
12 Andover Town 3,143 96.5% 3.0% 1.7% 1.3% 0.0% 0.0%
13 Union Town 990 99.4% 0.0% 0.7% 1.6% 0.0% 1.3%

Communities

Towns

Other communities

In popular culture

Tolland County is briefly referenced in the novel Moby-Dick by Herman Melville as the place that the ill-fated shipmate, Pip, comes from.

Black History Month on Kiddle
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Althea Gibson
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