Stafford, Connecticut facts for kids

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Stafford, Connecticut
Town
Flag of Stafford, Connecticut
Flag
Official seal of Stafford, Connecticut
Seal
Location in Tolland County, Connecticut
Location in Tolland County, Connecticut
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA Hartford
Region None
Settled 1719
Area
 • Total 58.8 sq mi (152.2 km2)
 • Land 58.0 sq mi (150.2 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
Elevation 627 ft (191 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 12,192
 • Density 210.2/sq mi (85.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06076
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-72090
GNIS feature ID 0212349
Website http://www.staffordct.org
Staffordville Lake
Staffordville Lake

Stafford is a town in Tolland County, Connecticut, United States, settled in 1719. The population was 12,192 at the 2010 census. The community consists of the downtown area of Stafford Springs and the more rural villages of Crystal Lake, Ellithorpe, Hydeville, Orcuttsville, Staffordville, Stafford Hollow, Village Hill, and West Stafford.

History

The Colonial Town of Stafford began as a rural agricultural community in the eastern part of Hartford County. It became part of Tolland County upon the latter's formation on 13 October 1785. The easy availability of water power from the tributaries of the Willimantic River led to industrialization, and this abundance of power helped generate local population growth. By the mid-19th century, Stafford was connected by railroad to markets across New England, and before the State Highway projects of the 1920s and 1930s, the town had a trolley connection to Rockville, CT. During the Civil War, factories in Stafford made cannonballs and other war supplies for the northern forces.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 58.8 sq mi (152.2 km2), of which, 58.0 sq mi (150.1 km2) of it is land and 0.81 sq mi (2.1 km2) of it (1.38%) is water; it is the 3rd largest town in Connecticut based on area.

Stafford Springs is located at the intersection of Routes 190 and 32, in the northeastern region of the state. The community consists of the downtown area of Stafford Springs and the more rural villages of Crystal Lake, Ellithorpe, Hydeville, Orcuttsville, Staffordville, Stafford Hollow, Village Hill, and West Stafford.

While the town has managed to maintain its New England mill-town charm and culture, it is also a bedroom commuter town feeding into larger area communities. Many residents drive into Hartford, Manchester, and Enfield, Connecticut, as well as Springfield, Massachusetts, all of which can be reached in about a 30-mile auto commute. It is also about a half-hour drive to the University of Connecticut's main campus in Storrs.

The highest point in town is the western slope of Burley Hill at 1,300'. Burley Hill's "summit" is 1,315'.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,269
1850 2,940
1860 3,397 15.5%
1870 3,405 0.2%
1880 4,455 30.8%
1890 4,535 1.8%
1900 4,297 −5.2%
1910 5,233 21.8%
1920 5,407 3.3%
1930 5,949 10.0%
1940 5,835 −1.9%
1950 6,471 10.9%
1960 7,476 15.5%
1970 8,680 16.1%
1980 9,268 6.8%
1990 11,091 19.7%
2000 11,307 1.9%
2010 12,087 6.9%
Est. 2014 11,881 −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income

As of 2011, there were 12,192 people, 4,819 households, and 3,086 families residing in the town. The population density was 210.2 people per square mile (544.4/km²). There are 4,956 housing units at an average density of 85.4 per square mile (221.185/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.51% White, 0.69% African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.10% Asian, and 2.53% from other races or from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.04% of the population.

There were 4,353 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.04.

Most of the town's population is located in 7 villages with nearly half in Stafford Springs. The rest of the town, particularly the northern 1/3, is rural and forested.

The age population is evenly spread out with 23% under the age of 18, 14% from 18 to 24, 30% from 25 to 49, 21% from 50 to 64, and 12% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there are 89.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $65,744, and the median income for a family was $61,694. Males had a median income of $42,157 versus $29,896 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,017. About 4.3% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under the age of 18 and 7.4% of those 65 and older.

Medical

Johnson Memorial Medical Center is a 90-bed acute care facility, located on Route 190 in Stafford, The Hospital offers inpatient and outpatient services, including medical and surgical, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, mental health, intensive/coronary care, oncology, physical rehabilitation and emergency care. The facility was built in 1975. It has an adjoining professional building which houses the practices of area doctors.

Evergreen Health Care Center opened in 1989, is a nursing facility located on the hospital campus consisting of 120 long term care beds and a 30-bed sub-acute rehabilitation unit and a 30-bed Memory Support Unit for residents with Alzheimer's Disease. Evergreen and JMH serve several area towns.

Family Birth Suites at the Nirenberg Center is a state of the art birthing center featuring six private birthing suites designed to accommodate patients throughout their stay, for labor, delivery, recovery, and postpartum care.

Evergreen, JMH, and the Nirenberg Center serve several area towns.

Stafford hosts offices of a number of physicians, dentists, optometrists, chiropractors, physical therapists and other health professionals. The Stafford Veterinary Center serves the needs of animals, both large and small.

Recreation

The town has several tennis courts, ball fields, soccer fields, and several parks. In addition, there are private hunting and fishing clubs, as well as recreational swimming and tennis clubs. During the spring and summer there is an active Little League program, youth softball, adult softball for men and women, and a summer recreational program offering swimming lessons and martial arts instruction for children. There are programs for youth football, basketball, soccer and hockey.

The Stafford Motor Speedway attracts tens of thousands of spectators every year and is a fixture of spring and summer. There is a small public beach on Staffordville Lake which is a summertime destination for many residents. Stafford also has (limited) access to Sandy Beach on Crystal Lake in Ellington. Plans are being developed to provide hiking and multi-use trails within Stafford. There are two bed and breakfasts as well as a few campgrounds (Sun Valley, Roaring Brook and Mineral Springs) that provide accommodation for visitors.

Climate

Climate data for Stafford Springs, Connecticut
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 66
(18.9)
68
(20)
81
(27.2)
93
(33.9)
92
(33.3)
95
(35)
100
(37.8)
98
(36.7)
94
(34.4)
85
(29.4)
79
(26.1)
72
(22.2)
100
(37.8)
Average high °F (°C) 33
(0.6)
37
(2.8)
46
(7.8)
59
(15)
68
(20)
76
(24.4)
81
(27.2)
79
(26.1)
72
(22.2)
61
(16.1)
49
(9.4)
39
(3.9)
59
(15)
Average low °F (°C) 14
(-10)
16
(-8.9)
23
(-5)
33
(0.6)
44
(6.7)
54
(12.2)
59
(15)
58
(14.4)
50
(10)
38
(3.3)
28
(-2.2)
19
(-7.2)
40
(4.4)
Record low °F (°C) −21
(-29.4)
−15
(-26.1)
−8
(-22.2)
14
(-10)
21
(-6.1)
30
(-1.1)
38
(3.3)
32
(0)
24
(-4.4)
17
(-8.3)
−2
(-18.9)
−15
(-26.1)
−21
(-29.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.6
(91)
2.9
(74)
4.2
(107)
3.7
(94)
3.5
(89)
4.2
(107)
4.2
(107)
5.0
(127)
4.2
(107)
4.7
(119)
3.9
(99)
3.8
(97)
47.9
(1,217)
Snowfall inches (cm) 16.9
(42.9)
13.0
(33)
9.8
(24.9)
2.6
(6.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.6
(1.5)
2.9
(7.4)
11.6
(29.5)
57.4
(145.8)
Source: NCDC - Stafford Springs COOP Record

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