Staffordshire facts for kids

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Staffordshire
County
Staffordshire Flag.svg Coat of arms of Staffordshire County Council.jpg
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "The knot unites"
Staffordshire within England
Staffordshire in England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region West Midlands
Established Ancient
Ceremonial county
Lord Lieutenant Ian Dudson
High Sheriff Colonel David L Leigh (2016-17)
Area 2,713 km2 (1,047 sq mi)
 • Ranked 18th of 48
Population (2005 est.) 1,055,000
 • Ranked 14th of 48
Density 388/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Ethnicity 97.0% White
1.7% S.Asian
1.3% Other
Non-metropolitan county
County council Staffordshire County Council
Executive Labour
Admin HQ Stafford
Area 2,620 km2 (1,010 sq mi)
 • Ranked 18th of 27
Population 816,700
 • Ranked 8th of 27
Density 311/km2 (810/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 GB-STS
ONS code 41
GSS code E10000028
NUTS UKG24
Website www.staffordshire.gov.uk
Staffordshire Ceremonial Numbered.png
Districts of Staffordshire
Unitary County council area
Districts
  1. Tamworth
  2. Lichfield
  3. Cannock Chase
  4. South Staffordshire
  5. Stafford
  6. Newcastle-under-Lyme
  7. Staffordshire Moorlands
  8. East Staffordshire
  9. City of Stoke-on-Trent
Members of Parliament List of MPs
Police Staffordshire Police
Time zone GMT (UTC)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)

Staffordshire (/ˈstæfədʃɪər/ or /ˈstæfədʃə/; abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England. It adjoins Cheshire to the north west, Derbyshire and Leicestershire to the east, Warwickshire to the south east, West Midlands and Worcestershire to the south, and Shropshire to the west.

Stone railway station
Stone railway station in Stone.

The largest city in Staffordshire is Stoke-on-Trent, which is administered separately from the rest of the county as an independent unitary authority. Lichfield also has city status, although this is a considerably smaller cathedral city. Major towns include Stafford (the county town), Burton upon Trent, Cannock, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Leek, and Tamworth. Smaller towns include Stone, Uttoxeter, and Rugeley, and large villages Eccleshall, Wombourne, Kinver, Penkridge, Tutbury and Stretton. Cannock Chase AONB is within the county as well as parts of the National Forest and the Peak District national park.

Wolverhampton, Walsall, West Bromwich, and Smethwick were historic Staffordshire towns until local government reorganisation created the West Midlands county in 1974.

Apart from Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire is divided into the districts of Cannock Chase, East Staffordshire, Lichfield, Newcastle-under-Lyme, South Staffordshire, Stafford, Staffordshire Moorlands, and Tamworth.

History

Historically, Staffordshire was divided into the five hundreds of Cuttlestone, Offlow, Pirehill, Seisdon, and Totmonslow.

LichCathedral4
Lichfield Cathedral

The historic boundaries of Staffordshire cover much of what is now the metropolitan county of West Midlands. An administrative county of Staffordshire was set up in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888 covering the county except the county boroughs of Wolverhampton, Walsall, and West Bromwich in the south (the area known as the Black Country), and Hanley in the north. The Act also saw the towns of Tamworth (partly in Warwickshire) and Burton upon Trent (partly in Derbyshire) united entirely in Staffordshire.

In 1553 Queen Mary made Lichfield a county separate from the rest of Staffordshire. It remained so until 1888.

Handsworth and Perry Barr became part of the county borough of Birmingham in the early 20th century, and thus associated with Warwickshire. Burton, in the east of the county, became a county borough in 1901, and was followed by Smethwick, another town in the Black Country in 1907. In 1910 the six towns of the Staffordshire Potteries, including Hanley, became the single county borough of Stoke-on-Trent.

Staffordshire hoard annotated
The Staffordshire Hoard, discovered in a field near Lichfield in July 2009, is perhaps the most important collection of Anglo-Saxon objects found in England

A significant boundary change occurred in 1926 when the east of Sedgley was transferred to Worcestershire to allow the construction of the new Priory Estate on land purchased by Dudley County Borough council.

A major reorganisation in the Black Country in 1966, under the recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England led to the creation of an area of contiguous county boroughs. The County Borough of Warley was formed by the merger of the county borough of Smethwick and municipal borough of Rowley Regis with the Worcestershire borough of Oldbury: the resulting county borough was associated with Worcestershire. Meanwhile, the county borough of Dudley, historically a detached part of Worcestershire, expanded and became associated with Staffordshire instead. This reorganisation led to the administrative county of Staffordshire having a thin protrusion passing between the county boroughs (to the east) and Shropshire, to the west, to form a short border with Worcestershire.

Under the Local Government Act 1972, on 1 April 1974 the county boroughs of the Black Country and the Aldridge-Brownhills Urban District of Staffordshire became, along with Birmingham, Solihull, and Coventry and other districts, a new metropolitan county of West Midlands. County boroughs were abolished, with Stoke becoming a non-metropolitan district in Staffordshire, and Burton forming an unparished area in the district of East Staffordshire. On 1 April 1997, under a recommendation of the Banham Commission, Stoke-on-Trent became a unitary authority independent of Staffordshire once more.

In July 2009 the largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold ever found in Britain was discovered in a field near Lichfield. The artefacts, known as The Staffordshire Hoard have tentatively been dated to the 7th or 8th centuries, placing the origin of the items in the time of the Kingdom of Mercia.

Geography

See the List of reservoirs in Staffordshire

Mowcopcastle
Mow Cop Castle on the Staffordshire Moorlands

In the north and in the south, the county is hilly, with wild moorlands and uplands of the Peak District in the far north, and Cannock Chase an area of natural beauty in the south. In the middle regions, the landscape is low and undulating. Throughout the entire county there are vast and important coalfields. In the southern part, there are also rich iron ore deposits. The largest river is the Trent. The soil is chiefly clay and agriculture was not highly developed until the mechanisation of farms.

Staffordshire is home to the highest village in Britain, Flash. The village, in the Staffordshire Moorlands, stands at 463 m (1518 ft) above sea level. This record was confirmed in 2007 by the Ordnance Survey after Wanlockhead in Scotland also claimed the record. The BBC's The One Show investigated the case in a bid to settle the argument and Flash was confirmed as the highest. The highest point in Staffordshire is Cheeks Point

Demographics

According to the 2001 Census the population of the Non-metropolitan Staffordshire is 806,744 and the population of Stoke-on-Trent was 240,636 making a total population of 1,047,380. In non-metropolitan Staffordshire, White British is the largest ethnicity, making up 96% of the population. This is followed by White Irish, making up 0.6%. Non-White citizens make up 2% of the population. 94% of the population was born in England, and those born in Scotland and Wales together make up 1% of the total population.

Towns and villages

See the list of places in Staffordshire, list of Staffordshire settlements by population and the List of civil parishes in Staffordshire

Historic towns/cities

Some settlements which were historically part of the county now fall under the county of West Midlands (county):

West Midlands Aldridge, Bilston, Bloxwich, Brierley Hill, Brownhills, Coseley, Darlaston, Dudley, Kingswinford, Rowley Regis, Sedgley, Smethwick, Tipton, Walsall, Wednesbury, Wednesfield, West Bromwich, Willenhall, Wolverhampton

Dogs

A type of bull terrier called the Staffordshire Bull Terrier was bred for hunting purposes in this county. They are known affectionately as "staffs", "staffies", and "nanny-dogs". Staffies should not be confused with the considerably larger American Staffordshire Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier, and (English) Bull Terrier.

Religion

Church of England

The only Cathedral in the county is Lichfield Cathedral in the city of Lichfield. The Diocese of Lichfield covers the whole county with the exception of Stapenhill and Amington, the north of the nearby county of Shropshire and the Black Country area of the West Midlands. The county is covered by the archdeaconries of Stoke-upon-Trent and Lichfield. The current Bishop of Lichfield is Michael Ipgrave and the current Bishop of Stafford Geoff Annas. There are 298 Church of England Churches in the County.

Roman Catholic Church

Staffordshire is part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Birmingham. The current Archbishop is Bernard Longley.

Methodism

Primitive Methodism was founded in Staffordshire by Hugh Bourne, a native of Stoke-on-Trent, at a public gathering in the village of Mow Cop. He originally followed the Wesleyan form of Methodism but in 1801 he reformed the Methodist service by conducting it outside. By 1811 with his brother he founded the first chapel in the Tunstall area of Stoke-on-Trent.

Judaism

The most popular Synagogue in the county is on London Road in Newcastle-Under-Lyme which opened in 2006 and replaced the former "Birch Terrace" Synagogue in Hanley according to the 2001 census there were 407 Jewish People in the non-metropolitan area of Staffordshire, and 83 in Stoke-on-Trent,

Islam

There are 15 mosques in Stoke-on-Trent, 5 in Burton-upon-Trent and 1 in both Stafford and Lichfield. A new mosque is under construction in the Hanley area of Stoke-on-Trent and will be the first purpose built mosque in the area. At the 2001 census there were 7,658 Muslims in Stoke-on-Trent and 6,081 in the rest of Staffordshire, with a total of 13,739 making up 1.3% of the population. 62.9% (3823) of the Muslims in the rest of Staffordshire are from the town of Burton-upon-Trent.

Transport

Canals

Staffordshire has an extensive network of canals including the Birmingham and Fazeley Canal, Caldon Canal, Coventry Canal, Shropshire Union Canal, Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal and Trent and Mersey Canal.

Railways

See Rail transport in Staffordshire

The county is traversed primarily by the West Coast Main Line.

Roads

The county has relatively good links to the national roads network. Several major roads intersect the county, making it a popular location for commuters working in Birmingham.

The M42 has a junction in Tamworth at the south-east of the county, and heads south-west towards Birmingham. The M6 runs north through the county and junctions 10A-16 are in the county. The M6 Toll, the UK's first toll motorway, runs through the county with junctions in Weeford near Lichfield, Cannock and joins the M6 heading north towards Stafford.

The A5 and A34 run through the county. The former has been significantly widened to a dual carriageway at several sections, although much of it remains single carriageway.

Air

There are currently no airports with scheduled flights in the county with the nearest ones being Birmingham, East Midlands and Manchester depending on the location there is however Wolverhampton Airport in Bobbington and Tatenhill Airfield near Burton-upon-Trent both of which are small airports catering for General Aviation.

Places of interest

See also: List of museums in Staffordshire
Key
National Trust Owned by the National Trust
English Heritage Owned by English Heritage
Forestry Commission Owned by the Forestry Commission
Country Park A Country Park
Accessible open space An Accessible open space
Museum (free) Museum (free)
Museum Museum (charges entry fee)
Heritage railway Heritage railway
Historic house Historic House
  • Alton Towers Theme Park
  • Ancient High House HH icon.png Museum icon.png
  • Belvide Reservoir
  • Biddulph Grange NTE icon.svg
  • Blithfield Hall
  • Blithfield Reservoir
  • Brindley Water Mill Museum icon (red).png
  • Broad Eye Windmill
  • Burslem Hall CP icon.png
  • Cannock Chase UKAL icon.png
  • Chasewater Railway HR icon.svg
  • Cheddleton Flint Mill Museum icon.png
  • Churnet Valley Railway HR icon.svg
  • Croxden Abbey EH icon.svg AP Icon.svg
  • Dovecliff Hall
  • Downs Banks NTE icon.svg
  • Drayton Manor Theme Park Theme Park
  • Eccleshall Castle CL icon.svg
  • Festival Park UKAL icon.png
  • Ford Green Hall HH icon.png
  • Foxfield Steam Railway HR icon.svg
  • Gladstone Pottery Museum Museum icon.png
  • Hanley Park CP icon.png
  • Heart of England Way
  • Moseley Railway Trust (Apedale) HR icon.svg Museum icon.png CP icon.png
  • Ilam Park NTE icon.svg
  • Izaak Walton Cottage Museum Museum icon.png
  • Manifold Way following the route of the former Leek and Manifold Valley Light Railway
  • National Brewery Centre
  • Lichfield Cathedral AP Icon.svg
  • Lichfield Road
  • Madeley Old Hall HH icon.png
  • Monkey Forest
  • Moseley Old Hall NTE icon.svg
  • Mow Cop Castle CL icon.svg
  • National Memorial Arboretum
  • Peak District National Park
  • RSPB Coombes Valley
  • Rudyard Lake Steam Railway HR icon.svg
  • Sandon Hall
  • Shugborough Estate NTE icon.svg
  • Stafford Castle CL icon.svg
  • Staffordshire Regiment MuseumMuseum icon (red).png
  • Staffordshire Way
  • Staffordshire Moorlands
  • The Potteries Museum & Art Gallery
  • The Pennine Way
  • The Roaches
  • Tamworth Castle CL icon.svg
  • Trentham Gardens
  • Trentham Lakes
  • Tutbury Castle CL icon.svg
  • Victoria Park UKAL icon.png
  • Wall Roman Site EH icon.svg NTE icon.svg
  • Wedgwood Museum Museum icon (red).png
  • Weston Park HH icon.png
  • Whitmore Hall HH icon.png
  • Apedale Community Country Park CP icon.png Museum icon.png HR icon.svg

Gallery

Images for kids


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