Leicestershire facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Leicestershire
County
Flag
Flag
Leicestershire within England
Leicestershire in England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region East Midlands
Established Historic
Ceremonial county
Area 2,156 km2 (832 sq mi)
 • Ranked 28th of 48
Population (2005 est.) 915,800
 • Ranked 21st of 48
Density 425/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Ethnicity 85.0% White
11.9% S.Asian
1.2% Black British
1.5% Mixed Race
Non-metropolitan county
County council Leicestershire County Council
Executive Conservative
Admin HQ Glenfield
Area 2,083 km2 (804 sq mi)
 • Ranked 20th of 27
Population 627,800
 • Ranked 17th of 27
Density 301/km2 (780/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 GB-LEC
ONS code 31
NUTS UKF22
200 x 208px
Districts of Leicestershire
Districts
  1. Charnwood
  2. Melton
  3. Harborough
  4. Oadby and Wigston
  5. Blaby
  6. Hinckley and Bosworth
  7. North West Leicestershire
  8. City of Leicester (Unitary)
Members of Parliament
Time zone GMT (UTC)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)

Leicestershire (Listeni/ˈlɛstərʃər/ or /ˈlɛstərʃɪər/; abbreviation Leics.) is a landlocked county in the English Midlands. It takes its name from the City of Leicester, traditionally its administrative centre, although the City of Leicester unitary authority is today administered separately from the rest of Leicestershire. The county borders Nottinghamshire to the north, Lincolnshire to the north-east, Rutland to the east, Northamptonshire to the south-east, Warwickshire to the south-west, Staffordshire to the west, and Derbyshire to the north-west. The border with most of Warwickshire is Watling Street (the A5).

The county has a population of just under 1 million with over half the population living in Leicester's built-up area.

History

Leicestershire was recorded in the Domesday Book in four wapentakes: Guthlaxton, Framland, Goscote and Gartree. These later became hundreds, with the division of Goscote into West Goscote and East Goscote, and the addition of Sparkenhoe hundred. In 1087, the first recorded use of the name was as Laegrecastrescir.

Leicestershire's external boundaries have changed little since the Domesday Survey. The Measham-Donisthorpe exclave of Derbyshire has been exchanged for the Netherseal area, and the urban expansion of Market Harborough has caused Little Bowden, previously in Northamptonshire to be annexed.

In 1974, the Local Government Act 1972 abolished the county borough status of Leicester city and the county status of neighbouring Rutland, converting both to administrative districts of Leicestershire. These actions were reversed on 1 April 1997, when Rutland and the City of Leicester became unitary authorities. Rutland became a distinct Ceremonial County once again, although it continues to be policed by Leicestershire Constabulary.

The symbol of the county council, Leicestershire County Cricket Club and Leicester City FC, is the fox. Leicestershire is considered to be the birthplace of fox hunting as it is known today. Hugo Meynell, who lived in Quorn, is known as the father of fox hunting. Melton Mowbray and Market Harborough have associations with fox hunting, as has neighbouring Rutland.

Geography

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Location map of Leicestershire and major towns/cities


The River Soar rises to the east of Hinckley, in the far south of the county, and flows northward through Leicester before emptying into the River Trent at the point where Derbyshire, Leicestershire, and Nottinghamshire meet. A large part of the north-west of the county, around Coalville, forms part of the new National Forest area extending into Derbyshire and Staffordshire. The highest point of the county is Bardon Hill at 278 metres (912 ft), which is also a Marilyn. The lowest point is about 24.8m, north of Bottesford where the River Devon leaves Leicestershire and enters Nottinghamshire.

Demographics

See also: List of settlements in Leicestershire by population

The population of Leicestershire (excluding Leicester Unitary Authority) is 609,578 people (2001 census). The county covers an area of 2,084 km2 (804 sq mi). Its largest population centre is the city of Leicester, followed by the town of Loughborough. Other large towns include Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Coalville, Hinckley, Market Harborough, Melton Mowbray, Oadby, Wigston and Lutterworth.

Some of the larger of villages are:Burbage (population estimated around 16,500 2014) Birstall (population 11,400 in 2004), Broughton Astley, Castle Donington, Kibworth Beauchamp (along with Kibworth Harcourt), Great Glen, Ibstock, Countesthorpe and Kegworth. One of the most rapidly expanding villages is Anstey, which has recently seen a large number of development schemes.

The United Kingdom Census 2001 showed a total resident population for Leicester of 279,921, a 0.5% decrease from the 1991 census. Approximately 62,000 were aged under 16, 199,000 were aged 16–74, and 19,000 aged 75 and over. 76.9% of Leicester's population claim they have been born in the UK, according to the 2001 UK Census. Mid-year estimates for 2006 indicate that the population of the City of Leicester stood at 289,700 making Leicester the most populous city in East Midlands.

The population density is 3,814/km2 (9,880/sq mi) and for every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Leicester, 38.5% had no academic qualifications, significantly higher than 28.9% in all of England. 23.0% of Leicester's residents were born outside of the United Kingdom, more than double than the English average of 9.2%.

Music

The full range of music is performed in the county, from early medieval, European and Asian classical music, folk, jazz, blues, rock, and pop. The major Download Festival, a hard rock and metal festival, is hosted at Donington Park.

Symphony orchestras

The Philharmonia Orchestra, Leicester Symphony Orchestra, and the internationally famous Leicestershire Schools Symphony Orchestra are three of the larger orchestras in the county.

Amateur orchestras

Leicestershire Sinfonia, the Loughborough Orchestra, the Charnwood orchestra, the Coalville Light Orchestra and the Soar Valley Music Centre Orchestra.

Choirs and choral societies

Leicester based choirs include the Leicester Cathedral Choir, Leicester Bach Choir, Broom Leys Choral Society Whitwick, Cantamici, the Cecilian Singers, Charnwood Choral Society, Coalville and District Male Voice Choir, Coro Nostro Chamber Choir, Humberstone Choral Society, Kainé Gospel Choir, Kingfisher Chorale, Leicester Church Music Consort, Leicester City Male Voice Choir, Leicester Philharmonic Choir, Leicestershire Chorale, Loughborough Ladies Choir, Loughborough Male Voice Choir, Meridian Singers, Newtown Linford mixed voice choir, Red Leicester choir, the Scarlet choir, Shepshed Singers, Synergy Community Choir, Wigston and district male voice choir, Unity Community Choir, and the Peepul Choir.

Early music

The Longsdale Consort perform music of the renaissance and baroque periods. Leicester Recorder Society.

Music shops

Stores selling sheet music and musical instruments in Leicestershire include Music Junkie Ltd, Sona Rupa (Indian), Sheehans Music Instruments, Intasound Music Ltd and MH Music (MH Music are actually in the centre of Market Harborough).

Towns and villages

Places of interest

Key
National Trust Owned by the National Trust
English Heritage Owned by English Heritage
Forestry Commission Owned by the Forestry Commission
Country Park A Country Park
Accessible open space An Accessible open space
Museum (free) Museum (free)
Museum Museum (charges entry fee)
Heritage railway Heritage railway
Historic house Historic House
BelvoirCastle
Belvoir Castle today
Burrough Hill gateway, 2011
The entrance to Burrough Hill Iron Age hillfort
National Space Centre, Leicester
The National Space Centre in Leicester
  • Ab Kettleby
  • Abbey Pumping Station
  • Ashby-de-la-Zouch Canal
  • Ashby Castle Castle English Heritage
  • Arnesby May Fayre
  • The Battlefield Line Heritage railway
  • Beacon Hill
  • Belgrave Hall & Gardens
  • Belvoir Castle Castle
  • Bosworth Battlefield
  • Bradgate Park & Swithland Wood
  • Brampton Valley Way (former railway path to Northampton)
  • Bruntingthorpe Aerodrome and proving ground
  • Burrough Hill Iron Age Hill Fort
  • Castle Park Castle
  • Charnwood Museum
  • Donington le Heath Manor House Museum
  • Donington Park and the Donington Grand Prix Collection museum
  • East Midlands Airport
  • Eyebrook Reservoir
  • Fosse Shopping Park
  • Foxton Locks
  • Great Glen Methodist Church AP Icon.svg
  • Great Central Railway (heritage railway) Heritage railway
  • Harborough Museum
  • High Cross
  • Kirby Muxloe Castle Castle
  • Launde Abbey AP Icon.svg
  • Leicester Cathedral AP Icon.svg
  • Mallory Park
  • Melton Carnegie Museum
  • Moira Furnace
  • Mount St. Bernard Abbey AP Icon.svg
  • National Space Centre
  • The National Forest and Conkers
  • Snibston & Snibston Discovery Museum
  • Stanford Hall Historic house
  • Stoney Cove the National Diving Centre
  • Stapleford Miniature Railway Heritage railway, Stapleford Park near Melton
  • The Emporium
  • Twycross Zoo Zoo icon.jpg
  • Ulverscroft Priory
  • University of Leicester Botanic Garden
  • Watermead Country Park Country Park
  • Wigston Framework Knitters Museum

Images for kids


Leicestershire Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.