History is the study of past events. People know what happened in the past by looking at things from the past, including records (like books, newspapers and letters) and artifacts (like pottery, tools, and human or animal remains). Libraries, archives and museums collect and keep these things for people to study history. A person who studies history is called a historian. A person who studies pre-history and history through things left behind by ancient cultures is called an archaeologist. A person who studies mankind and society is called an anthropologist. The study of the sources and methods used to study and write history is called historiography.
People can learn about the past by talking to people who remember things that happened in the past. This is called oral history. When people who had been slaves and American Civil War survivors got old, some historians recorded everything that they said, so that history would not be lost.
In old times people in different parts of the world kept separate histories because they did not meet each other very often. Some groups of people never met each other. Medieval Europe, Ancient Rome and Ancient China each thought that they ruled the only important parts of the world and that other parts were "barbarian".
Timeline of history
- Ancient history
- Ancient Egypt
- Ancient Armenia
- Ancient Greece
- Ancient India
- Ancient China and Japan, Korea, Mongolia
- Ancient Southeast Asia - Cambodia - Thailand - Indonesia
- Ancient North America - Iroquois, Mohawk, Huron, Haida, Lenape, Mohican, Cree, Sioux, Inuit, Dene
- Ancient Central America - Aztecs, Maya, Olmecs, Toltecs, Teotihuacan, Mixtecs
- Ancient South America - Inca, Chimu, Tihuanacu, Huari
- Ancient Africa
- Ancient Australia
- Roman Empire
- Christian Rome - Justinian to the rise of Byzantium
- Chinese Dynasties
- Byzantine Empire
- Early Islamic Caliphate - Muhammad to The Crusades
- Early Middle Ages - end of European Dark Ages to rise of Roman Catholic Church
- High Middle Ages and the Crusades - conflict with Islam, Cathars, pagan tribes in Lithuania, etc.
- Late Middle Ages - 13th century to 15th century
- Late Islamic Caliphate - to fall of Muslim Spain
- Mongol Empire
- Renaissance - 15th century renewal of science etc., based on texts from Ancient Greece and Roman Empire that were preserved by Muslims and captured by Christians
- European colonization of the Americas - 15th century impact on America
- Baroque era - mid 16th century to mid-late 18th century
- Enlightenment - mid 17th century to late 18th century
- 19th century
- 20th century
- Modern History and origins of modern world power structure
- World War I
- World War II
- United Nations ascendance - how it became so central.
- Chinese Revolution, Partition of India, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)
- US-Soviet Cold War including Korean War, Vietnam War, Soviet-Afghan War
- Recent conflicts in the Muslim World - Arab-Israeli Wars, UN-Iraq War, US invasion of Afghanistan, US invasion of Iraq
- Recent conflicts in West Africa - Uganda, Chad, Rwanda, Congo, Liberia, Ivory Coast, and so on
Current events, modern economic history, modern social history and modern intellectual history take very different views of the way history has affected the way that we think today.
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History Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.