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List of counties in Connecticut facts for kids

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See also: List of United States counties and county-equivalents
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Counties of Connecticut
Connecticut-counties-map.gif
Location State of Connecticut
Number 8
Populations 118,428 (Windham) – 916,829 (Fairfield)
Areas 369 square miles (960 km2) (Middlesex) – 920 square miles (2,400 km2) (Litchfield)
Government County government (abolished in 1960, except for County Sheriffs, which were abolished by an act of the state legislature effective in 2000)
Subdivisions cities, towns, unincorporated communities, census designated place
Plan of the Colony of Connecticut, Moses Park, 1766
Map of the counties of colonial Connecticut, 1766.

There are eight counties in the U.S. state of Connecticut.

Four of the counties – Fairfield, Hartford, New Haven and New London – were created in 1666, shortly after the Connecticut Colony and the New Haven Colony combined. Windham and Litchfield Counties were created later in the colonial era, while Middlesex and Tolland Counties were created after American independence (both in 1785). Six of the counties are named for locations in England, where many early Connecticut settlers originated.

Although Connecticut is divided into counties, there is no county government in Connecticut, and local government exists solely on the municipality level. Almost all functions of county government were abolished in Connecticut in 1960, except for elected county sheriffs and their departments under them. Those offices and their departments were abolished by an act of the state legislature effective in December 2000. The functions the county sheriffs' departments played were assumed by the newly organized State Marshal Commission and the state Department of Corrections.

Connecticut's legacy county names remain for geographical and statistical purposes. Counties serve mainly as dividing lines for the state's judicial and state marshal system. However, the three largest counties–Fairfield, Hartford and New Haven–have been further subdivided into several smaller jurisdictions.

In 2017 the state recommended to the United States Census Bureau that the nine Councils of Governments replace counties for statistical purposes, and the Census intends to implement it in 2023.

Alphabetical listing

County
FIPS code County seat(defunct) Established Origin Etymology Population Area Map
Fairfield County 001 Fairfield (1666–1853)
Bridgeport (1853–1960)
1666 One of four original counties created in Connecticut From the hundreds of acres of salt marsh that bordered the coast. &&&&&&&&&0916829.&&&&&0916,829 &&&&&&&&&&&&0626.&&&&&0626 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01621.&&&&&01,621 km2)
State map highlighting Fairfield County
Hartford County 003 Hartford (1666–1960) 1666 One of four original counties created in Connecticut After the county of Hertfordshire in the UK &&&&&&&&&0894014.&&&&&0894,014 &&&&&&&&&&&&0736.&&&&&0736 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01906.&&&&&01,906 km2)
State map highlighting Hartford County
Litchfield County 005 Litchfield (1751–1960) 1751 From parts of Fairfield County, Hartford County, and New Haven County City of Lichfield in the UK &&&&&&&&&0189927.&&&&&0189,927 &&&&&&&&&&&&0920.&&&&&0920 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02383.&&&&&02,383 km2)
State map highlighting Litchfield County
Middlesex County 007 Middletown (1785–1960) 1785 From parts of Hartford County and New London County Former county of Middlesex in the UK &&&&&&&&&0165676.&&&&&0165,676 &&&&&&&&&&&&0369.&&&&&0369 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0956.&&&&&0956 km2)
State map highlighting Middlesex County
New Haven County 009 New Haven (1666–1960) 1666 One of four original counties created in Connecticut After New Haven Colony, founded as a haven in which Puritans could be free from persecution. &&&&&&&&&0862477.&&&&&0862,477 &&&&&&&&&&&&0606.&&&&&0606 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01570.&&&&&01,570 km2)
State map highlighting New Haven County
New London County 011 New London (1666–1960) 1666 One of four original counties created in Connecticut After London, UK &&&&&&&&&0274055.&&&&&0274,055 &&&&&&&&&&&&0666.&&&&&0666 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01725.&&&&&01,725 km2)
State map highlighting New London County
Tolland County 013 Tolland (1785–1889)
Rockville (1889–1960)
1785 From parts of Hartford County, and Windham County Hamlet of Tolland, Somerset, UK &&&&&&&&&0152691.&&&&&0152,691 &&&&&&&&&&&&0410.&&&&&0410 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01062.&&&&&01,062 km2)
State map highlighting Tolland County
Windham County 015 Windham (1726–1819)
Brooklyn (1819–1895)
Willimantic and Putnam (1895–1960)
1726 From parts of Hartford County, and New London County After Windham (now Wineham) in Sussex, England &&&&&&&&&0118428.&&&&&0118,428 &&&&&&&&&&&&0513.&&&&&0513 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01329.&&&&&01,329 km2)
State map highlighting Windham County

Former counties

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