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Litchfield, Connecticut
Commercial blocks on West Street
Commercial blocks on West Street
Official seal of Litchfield, Connecticut
Seal
Motto(s): 
Unitas Sub Lege (Latin)
"Unity Under the Law"
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°44′50″N 73°11′23″W / 41.74722°N 73.18972°W / 41.74722; -73.18972Coordinates: 41°44′50″N 73°11′23″W / 41.74722°N 73.18972°W / 41.74722; -73.18972
Country  United States
U.S. state  Connecticut
County Litchfield
Region Northwest Hills
Incorporated 1719
Government
 • Type Selectman-town meeting
Area
 • Total 56.8 sq mi (147.1 km2)
 • Land 56.1 sq mi (145.3 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2)
Elevation
1,080 ft (329 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 8,466
 • Estimate 
(2018)
8,198
 • Density 148.05/sq mi (57.55/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
06750 [Bantam], 06759 [Litchfield], 06778 [Northfield]
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-43370
GNIS feature ID 0213452
Major highways Connecticut Highway 8.svg US 202.svg

Litchfield is a town in and former county seat of Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 8,466 at the 2010 census. The boroughs of Bantam and Litchfield are located within the town. There are also three unincorporated villages: East Litchfield, Milton, and Northfield. Northfield, located in the southeastern corner of Litchfield, is home to a high percentage of the Litchfield population.

Geography

Located southwest of Torrington, Litchfield also includes part of Bantam Lake. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 56.8 square miles (147.1 km²), of which, 56.1 square miles (145.2 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.9 km²) of it (1.3%) is water.

Litchfield is about 95 mi (153 km) from Central Park in New York, about 50 mi (80 km) from the Hudson River valley, and about 40 mi (64 km) from the nearest sea coast, on Long Island Sound.

Principal communities

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 20,342
1800 4,285 −78.9%
1810 4,639 8.3%
1820 4,610 −0.6%
1830 4,456 −3.3%
1840 4,038 −9.4%
1850 3,953 −2.1%
1860 3,200 −19.0%
1870 3,113 −2.7%
1880 3,410 9.5%
1890 3,304 −3.1%
1900 3,214 −2.7%
1910 3,005 −6.5%
1920 3,180 5.8%
1930 3,574 12.4%
1940 4,029 12.7%
1950 4,964 23.2%
1960 6,264 26.2%
1970 7,399 18.1%
1980 7,605 2.8%
1990 8,365 10.0%
2000 8,316 −0.6%
2010 8,466 1.8%
2018 (est.) 8,198 −3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,316 people, 3,310 households, and 2,303 families residing in the town. The population density was 148.4 people per square mile (57.3/km2). There were 3,629 housing units at an average density of 64.7 per square mile (25.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.99% White, 0.75% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.56% of the population.

There were 3,310 households, out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.2% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $58,418, and the median income for a family was $70,594. Males had a median income of $50,284 versus $31,787 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,096. About 2.8% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 25, 2005
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Republican 2,044 90 2,134 33.59%
Democratic 1,384 67 1,451 22.84%
Unaffiliated 2,596 165 2,761 43.45%
Minor Parties 8 0 8 0.13%
Total 6,032 322 6,354 100%

Transportation

Route 202 is the main east-west road connecting Bantam and Litchfield center to the city of Torrington. Route 63 runs north-south through the town center. The Route 8 expressway runs along the town line with Harwinton. It can be accessed from the town center via Route 118. The town is also served by buses from the Northwestern Connecticut Transit District connecting to the city of Torrington. The Shepaug Valley Railroad opened a Litchfield terminal in 1872, but passenger service ended in 1930 and freight service in 1948.

On the National Register of Historic Places

PostcardLitchfieldCTEthanAllenBirthplace1916
Ethan Allen birthplace in Litchfield
  • Capt. William Bull Tavern — CT 202 (added July 30, 1983)
  • Henry B. Bissell House — 202 Maple St. (added October 7, 1990)
  • J. Howard Catlin House — 14 Knife Shop Rd. (added September 6, 1993) (Since demolished)
  • Litchfield Historic District — Roughly both sides of North and South Sts. between Gallows Lane and Prospect St. (added December 24, 1968)
  • Milton Historic District (added March 14, 1978)
  • Northfield Knife Company Site (added May 8, 1997)
  • Oliver Wolcott House — South St. (added December 11, 1971)
  • Rye House — 122–132 Old Mount Tom Rd. (added September 10, 2000)
  • Tapping Reeve House and Law School — South St. (added November 15, 1966)
  • Topsmead — 25 and 46 Chase Rd. (added December 19, 1993)

Education

Litchfield Public Schools operates public schools. Litchfield High School is the area high school. Students may also attend Wamogo Regional Six to study agriculture, located in Litchfield, or Oliver Wolcott Technical School, located in Torrington, Connecticut.

Litchfield Center School hosts children in grades K-3 with a Pre-K program available. Students then move on to Litchfield Intermediate School where they will remain through sixth grade. Students will then finish their Litchfield Public School career at Litchfield High School (Litchfield, Connecticut).

Notable people

  • Andrew Adams, political leader during and after the Revolutionary War
  • Josephine Cables Aldrich (1843-1917), spiritualist, Theosophist, editor, and publisher
  • Ethan Allen, one of the founders of Vermont
  • Catharine Beecher, educator
  • Henry Ward Beecher, Congregationalist clergyman
  • Lyman Beecher, Presbyterian minister
  • Mary Charlotte Ward Granniss Webster Billings, writer, evangelist, and missionary
  • Solyman Brown, creator of the first dental school
  • Adelaide Deming, painter
  • Dick Ebersol, television executive
  • Caroline Fitzgerald (1865–1911), poet
  • Eugene Fodor, travel writer
  • Jerome Fuller, chief justice of Minnesota Territorial Supreme Court, 1851–52
  • Elizabeth Gilbert, author of Eat, Pray, Love
  • Jane Grant, writer
  • F. Norton Goddard, Republican politician
  • Benjamin Hanks (1755–1824), goldsmith, instrument maker, and first maker of bronze cannons and church bells in America
  • Uriel Holmes, US congressman
  • Isabella Beecher Hooker, women's suffrage activist
  • Daniel Albion "Jumping Jack" Jones (1860–1936), professional baseball pitcher
  • Madeleine L'Engle, author
  • Thomas McKnight, painter
  • Charles B. McVay III, US naval officer
  • Phineas Miner, US congressman
  • Joseph Robert Morris, entrepreneur, investor, mayor of Houston, Texas; born and raised in Milton
  • Samuel S. Phelps, US senator from Vermont
  • Sarah Pierce, teacher, educator and founder of the Litchfield Female Academy
  • John Pierpoint, Chief Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court
  • Robert Pierpoint, Lieutenant Governor of Vermont
  • Austin M. Purves Jr., 20th century artist and educator
  • Tapping Reeve, lawyer, judge, and law educator
  • Mary Livingston Ripley, horticulturist, entomologist, and photographer
  • Susan Saint James, actress
  • Richard Skinner, governor of Vermont
  • Roger Skinner, judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York
  • Charles Smith (cowboy), Arizona lawman and friend of Wyatt Earp
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe, abolitionist and author
  • Benjamin Tallmadge, American military officer during the Revolutionary War
  • Frederick A. Tallmadge, lawyer and New York politician
  • Frank Livingston Underwood (1844–1918), banker, copper magnate, railroad founder
  • Emily Noyes Vanderpoel (1842–1939), painter, writer, philanthropist
  • Louis Fenn Wadsworth (1825–1908), early baseball pioneer
  • Paul Winter, saxophonist
  • Oliver Wolcott Sr., signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence
  • Oliver Wolcott Jr., US Secretary of the Treasury, 24th governor of Connecticut
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