Brown County, Illinois facts for kids

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Brown County, Illinois
Map

Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1839
Seat Mount Sterling
Largest City Mount Sterling
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

307 sq mi (795 km²)
306 sq mi (793 km²)
1.6 sq mi (4 km²), 0.5%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

6,937
23/sq mi (9/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: browncountyil.com
Named for: Jacob Brown

Brown County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,937. Its county seat is Mount Sterling.

Siloam Springs State Park is located partly in this county.

History

Brown County was formed out of Schuyler County in 1839. It is named in honor of U.S. General Jacob Brown, who defeated the British at the Battle of Sackett's Harbor in 1813.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 307 square miles (800 km2), of which 306 square miles (790 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.5%) is water. The Illinois River flows along part of the county's eastern border.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 24.svg US Route 24
  • Illinois 99.svg Illinois Route 99
  • Illinois 107.svg Illinois Route 107

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Mount Sterling, Illinois
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
32
15
 
 
1.9
 
38
20
 
 
3.1
 
50
30
 
 
3.9
 
63
41
 
 
5.1
 
73
51
 
 
3.9
 
82
61
 
 
3.9
 
87
65
 
 
3.5
 
84
63
 
 
3.6
 
78
54
 
 
3.3
 
66
43
 
 
3.2
 
50
31
 
 
2.4
 
37
20
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mount Sterling have ranged from a low of 15 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.55 inches (39 mm) in January to 5.14 inches (131 mm) in May.

Demographics

USA Brown County, Illinois age pyramid
2000 census age pyramid for Brown County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 4,183
1850 7,198 72.1%
1860 9,938 38.1%
1870 12,205 22.8%
1880 13,041 6.8%
1890 11,951 −8.4%
1900 11,557 −3.3%
1910 10,397 −10.0%
1920 9,336 −10.2%
1930 7,892 −15.5%
1940 8,053 2.0%
1950 7,132 −11.4%
1960 6,210 −12.9%
1970 5,586 −10.0%
1980 5,411 −3.1%
1990 5,836 7.9%
2000 6,950 19.1%
2010 6,937 −0.2%
Est. 2015 6,829 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,937 people, 2,099 households, and 1,346 families residing in the county. The population density was 22.7 inhabitants per square mile (8.8/km2). There were 2,462 housing units at an average density of 8.1 per square mile (3.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 76.1% white, 18.5% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 4.4% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.5% were German, 15.6% were American, 12.7% were Irish, and 6.1% were English.

Of the 2,099 households, 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.9% were non-families, and 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 37.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,696 and the median income for a family was $50,341. Males had a median income of $34,648 versus $27,288 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,133. About 9.9% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

The Illinois state prison, Western Illinois Correctional Center, located south east of Mount Sterling, has an average daily population of 2,066. The all male population and racial makeup of the prison is so large, compared to the rest of the county, that it skews the census demographic data. This is evidenced by the lopsided age pyramid.[1]

Communities

City

Villages

Townships

Brown County is divided into these nine townships:

  • Buckhorn
  • Cooperstown
  • Elkhorn
  • Lee
  • Missouri
  • Mount Sterling
  • Pea Ridge
  • Ripley
  • Versailles

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