Adams County, Illinois facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Adams County, Illinois
Map
Map of Illinois highlighting Adams County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1825
Seat Quincy
Largest City Quincy
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

871 sq mi (2,256 km²)
855 sq mi (2,214 km²)
16 sq mi (41 km²), 1.9%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

67,103
78/sq mi (30/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.adams.il.us
Named for: John Quincy Adams

Adams County is the westernmost county of the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 67,103. Its county seat is Quincy.

Adams County is part of the Quincy, IL–MO Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Adams County was formed in 1825 out of Pike County. Its name is in honor of the sixth President of the United States, John Quincy Adams.

Geography

Weather chart for Quincy, Illinois
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.4
 
34
16
 
 
1.7
 
40
21
 
 
2.9
 
52
30
 
 
3.5
 
65
41
 
 
4.6
 
75
51
 
 
3.3
 
84
61
 
 
3.9
 
88
66
 
 
3.1
 
86
63
 
 
3.5
 
78
55
 
 
2.5
 
66
43
 
 
3.1
 
51
33
 
 
2.2
 
38
21
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 871 square miles (2,260 km2), of which 855 square miles (2,210 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (1.9%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-172.svg Interstate 172
  • US 24.svg US Route 24
  • US 36.svg US Route 36
  • Illinois 57.svg Illinois Route 57
  • Illinois 61.svg Illinois Route 61
  • Illinois 94.svg Illinois Route 94
  • Illinois 96.svg Illinois Route 96
  • Illinois 104.svg Illinois Route 104
  • Illinois 336.svg Illinois Route 336

National protected area

  • Great River National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Climate and weather

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Quincy have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1979 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 2005. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.36 inches (35 mm) in January to 4.61 inches (117 mm) in May.

Demographics

USA Adams County, Illinois age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Adams County.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,186
1840 14,476 562.2%
1850 26,508 83.1%
1860 41,323 55.9%
1870 56,362 36.4%
1880 59,135 4.9%
1890 61,888 4.7%
1900 67,058 8.4%
1910 64,588 −3.7%
1920 62,188 −3.7%
1930 62,784 1.0%
1940 65,229 3.9%
1950 64,690 −0.8%
1960 68,467 5.8%
1970 70,861 3.5%
1980 71,622 1.1%
1990 66,090 −7.7%
2000 68,277 3.3%
2010 67,103 −1.7%
Est. 2015 67,013 −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 67,103 people, 27,375 households, and 17,677 families residing in the county. The population density was 78.5 inhabitants per square mile (30.3/km2). There were 29,842 housing units at an average density of 34.9 per square mile (13.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.7% white, 3.5% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 43.5% were German, 13.1% were Irish, 10.7% were American, and 8.7% were English.

Of the 27,375 households, 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families, and 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 40.7 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,824 and the median income for a family was $55,791. Males had a median income of $38,830 versus $29,371 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,308. About 8.3% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions

  • Adams County Fair [1]
  • Bayview Bridge
  • Burton Cave [2]
  • Fall Creek Scenic Park
  • Golden Windmill [3]
  • John Wood Mansion
  • Saukenauk Scout Reservation [4]
  • Siloam Springs State Park
  • Spirit Knob Winery [5]
  • Villa Katharine [6]
  • Wavering Park [7]

Communities

Map of Adams County Illinois
Adams County, Illinois.

City

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Adams County is divided into twenty-three townships:

  • Beverly
  • Burton
  • Camp Point
  • Clayton
  • Columbus
  • Concord
  • Ellington
  • Fall Creek
  • Gilmer
  • Honey Creek
  • Houston
  • Keene
  • Liberty
  • Lima
  • McKee
  • Melrose
  • Mendon
  • Northeast
  • Payson
  • Quincy
  • Richfield
  • Riverside
  • Ursa

Adams County, Illinois Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.