Cedar Grove, New Jersey facts for kids

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Cedar Grove, New Jersey
Township
Township of Cedar Grove
Pompton Avenue and Ridge Road
Pompton Avenue and Ridge Road
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Cedar Grove, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Cedar Grove, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Essex
Incorporated February 7, 1892 as Verona Township
Renamed April 9, 1908 as Cedar Grove
Named for Cedar trees
Area
 • Total 4.378 sq mi (11.340 km2)
 • Land 4.252 sq mi (11.014 km2)
 • Water 0.126 sq mi (0.326 km2)  2.87%
Area rank 286th of 566 in state
9th of 22 in county
Elevation 243 ft (74 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 12,411
 • Estimate (2015) 12,625
 • Rank 196th of 566 in state
15th of 22 in county
 • Density 2,918.6/sq mi (1,126.9/km2)
 • Density rank 219th of 566 in state
15th of 22 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07009
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 3401311200
GNIS feature ID 0882222
Website www.cedargrovenj.org
Not to be confused with Cedar Grove in Princeton, Mercer County.

Cedar Grove is a township in north central Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 12,411, reflecting an increase of 111 (+0.9%) from the 12,300 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 247 (+2.0%) from the 12,053 counted in the 1990 Census.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Cedar Grove as its 4th best place to live in Essex County and 17th best place overall to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.

In 2016, Cedar Grove was rated the 12th safest city in New Jersey by backgroundchecks.org.

What is now Cedar Grove was originally incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature as the Township of Verona on February 7, 1892, from portions of Caldwell Township. Portions of the township were taken to create Verona borough, based on the results of a referendum held on April 30, 1907. On April 9, 1908, the name was formally changed to Cedar Grove. The township's name derives from the cedar trees that once covered its valley and hillsides.

History

Cedar Grove was part of the Horseneck Tract, which was an area that consisted of what are now the municipalities of Caldwell, West Caldwell, North Caldwell, Fairfield, Verona, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Roseland, and portions of Livingston and West Orange.

In 1702, settlers purchased the 14,000 acres (57 km2) Horseneck Tract — so-called because of its irregular shape that suggested a horse's neck and head — from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans for goods equal to $325. This purchase encompassed much of western Essex County, from the First Mountain to the Passaic River.

Cedar Grove was originally a small farming community. In 1896, Essex County built the county mental institution in Cedar Grove known as Overbrook. In 1908, Cedar Grove was incorporated as a township. In the 1950s and 1960s, Cedar Grove became one of the destination suburbs in Essex County among those looking to escape urban living from Newark and New York City.

Cedar Grove was once home to Frank Dailey's Meadowbrook Ballroom, located on Route 23, which regularly hosted well-known bands and vocalists, including Buddy Rich, Glenn Miller, Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey, Frank Sinatra, and Jo Stafford. The ballroom, located on the old Pompton Turnpike, still stands, and is used by Sts. Kiril & Methodij Macedonian Orthodox Church.

The first Dinner Theatre was opened at The Meadowbrook on Route 23 in the fall of 1959 by Gary and Helga McHugh, it closed in 1973. An extensive web site about The Meadowbrook Dinner Theatre contains a listing of the productions done there, playbills from the productions, hundreds of photographs, and other information about the operation and its history.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 4.378 square miles (11.340 km2), including 4.252 square miles (11.014 km2) of land and 0.126 square miles (0.326 km2) of water (2.87%).

The township is located between the First and Second Watchung Mountains. The center of the township is in a valley that is about 280 feet (85 m) above sea level; however, many sections of Cedar Grove are well above 400 feet (120 m), including the Park Ridge Estates, the abandoned Essex County Hospital Center, and the eastern, southeastern and southern sections of Cedar Grove. Cedar Grove's highest point is on hilltop, where elevations reach 600 feet (180 m) and above. Cedar Grove is located approximately 12 miles (19 km) west of Midtown Manhattan and 4 miles (6.4 km) northwest of Newark.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Lindsley and Overbrook.

The sections of Cedar Grove are:

North End: The North End of Cedar Grove starts after the corner of Fairview Avenue and Pompton Avenue. It consists mostly of homes, but there are some businesses located on Pompton Avenue, and at the corner of E. Lindsley Road and Stevens Avenue. A notable part of the north end of town is the Park Ridge Estates, which contain million dollar homes.

Central Cedar Grove: This consists of the center of town and extends from the corner of Fairview Avenue and Pompton Avenue to the corner of Bradford Avenue and Pompton Avenue. The central portion of the town contains Cedar Grove's business district. Also, on the west central side of town is the former location of the Essex County Hospital Center, and on the east central side is the Cedar Grove Reservoir and Mills Reservation.

South End: The south end of Cedar Grove is the most urbanized part of the township, as it contains homes that are closer together. The south end extends from the corner of Bradford Avenue and Pompton Avenue to the Verona border. There are mostly homes here, but there are some businesses on Pompton Avenue, including Burger King, the Pilgrim Diner, and Staples. Like the north end of town, the south end contains a section of million dollar homes.

Cedar Grove's population density is less than the surrounding towns of Montclair, Verona, and Little Falls, mainly because significant portions of Cedar Grove are owned or previously owned by county or city governments. The Essex County Hospital Center took up a good amount of land and was owned by Essex County. Mills Reservation is a county owned park, and the Cedar Grove Reservoir property is owned by the City of Newark.

Cedar Grove is bordered by North Caldwell, Little Falls, Montclair, and Verona. Most of the eastern portion of the township is bordered by Upper Montclair (a neighborhood in Montclair).

Climate

Cedar Grove has a humid continental climate, with warm/hot humid summers and cool/cold winters. The climate is slightly colder overall during the summer and winter than in New York City because the urban heat island effect is not as prevalent.

January tends to be the coldest month, with average high temperatures in the upper 30s and low 40s and lows in the lower to mid 20s. July is the warmest months with high temperatures in the mid 80s and lows in the mid 60s. From April to June and from September to early November, Cedar Grove enjoys temperatures from the lower 60s to upper 70s. Rainfall is plentiful, with around 44 inches (1,100 mm) a year. Snowfall is common from mid January to early March and noreasters can bring a lot of snow. In January 1996, Cedar Grove received about record snowfall 3 feet (0.91 m) from the Blizzard of 1996.

Climate data for Cedar Grove, New Jersey
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 38.0
(3.33)
41.0
(5)
50.0
(10)
60.6
(15.89)
71.2
(21.78)
80.0
(26.67)
84.9
(29.39)
83.0
(28.33)
75.4
(24.11)
64.5
(18.06)
53.3
(11.83)
43.0
(6.11)
62.0
(16.67)
Average low °F (°C) 22.4
(-5.33)
24.5
(-4.17)
33.9
(1.06)
43.4
(6.33)
53.0
(11.67)
62.9
(17.17)
68.0
(20)
66.5
(19.17)
58.9
(14.94)
47.4
(8.56)
38.8
(3.78)
28.0
(-2.22)
45.8
(7.67)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.98
(101.1)
2.96
(75.2)
4.21
(106.9)
3.92
(99.6)
4.46
(113.3)
3.40
(86.4)
4.68
(118.9)
4.02
(102.1)
4.01
(101.9)
3.16
(80.3)
3.88
(98.6)
3.57
(90.7)
46.25
(1,174.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 8.9
(22.6)
8.4
(21.3)
4.3
(10.9)
.8
(2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.6
(1.5)
3.0
(7.6)
26.0
(66)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.5 9.9 10.9 10.8 11.7 10.7 10.0 9.6 9.0 8.3 9.5 10.7 121.6
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.9 4.1 2.3 .4 0 0 0 0 0 0 .4 2.3 14.4
Source: NOAA

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 2,139
1910 2,409 12.6%
1920 3,181 32.0%
1930 4,793 50.7%
1940 5,208 8.7%
1950 8,022 54.0%
1960 14,603 82.0%
1970 15,582 6.7%
1980 12,600 −19.1%
1990 12,053 −4.3%
2000 12,300 2.0%
2010 12,411 0.9%
Est. 2015 12,625 1.7%
Population sources: 1900-1920
1900-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 12,411 people, 4,523 households, and 3,216 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,918.6 per square mile (1,126.9/km2). There were 4,661 housing units at an average density of 1,096.1 per square mile (423.2/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 89.01% (11,047) White, 2.47% (306) Black or African American, 0.05% (6) Native American, 6.53% (811) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.85% (106) from other races, and 1.08% (134) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.86% (727) of the population.

There were 4,523 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the township, the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 21.6% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 23.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.8 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 82.9 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $95,152 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,156) and the median family income was $117,935 (+/- $15,917). Males had a median income of $81,330 (+/- $13,013) versus $51,525 (+/- $6,616) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $46,514 (+/- $3,662). About 0.0% of families and 0.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and 1.3% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 12,300 people, 4,403 households, and 3,240 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,913.1 people per square mile (1,125.4/km2). There were 4,470 housing units at an average density of 1,058.7/sq mi (409.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 90.05% White, 2.99% African American, 0.05% Native American, 5.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.20% of the population.

As of the 2000 Census, 29.7% of Cedar Grove's residents identified themselves as being of Italian ancestry (adjusted from the 34.8% reported to reflect the fact that residents reported multiple ancestries), the 18th highest of all municipalities in New Jersey. There was also a large Irish population, accounting for 21.7% of the population in the 2000 census, with another 12.1% of German ancestry.

There were 4,403 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the township the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $78,863, and the median income for a family was $94,475. Males had a median income of $66,197 versus $40,582 for females. The per capita income for the township was $36,558. About 1.1% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.8% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

Cedar Grove has several parks and recreational areas within the township. These include county parks, town parks, and recreational areas.

County parks

There are two county parks located in Cedar Grove.

  • Mills Reservation, a county park, consisting of a 157.15-acre (0.6360 km2) protected wooded area with trails for walking and an overlook of New York City.
  • Hilltop Reservation, composed of lands in the grounds of the former Essex Mountain Sanitorium, opened in spring 2003.

Parks

  • Community Park - this park is located near the center of the town off Little Falls Road. It features a baseball field, large field used for various sports, barbecue area, two playgrounds, a bocce court, and entrances to the Lenape Trails which are popular for running, walking and biking.
  • Elmer Bowden Taylor Memorial Park - this park and its recreational facilities is located on Little Falls Road; near Bowden Road. It includes tennis courts, basketball court, small playground, and public bathroom. Named for Elmer Bowden Taylor, Cedar Grove resident killed in action in World War I while flying with the Lafayette Flying Corps.
  • South End School Park, This park/playground is located on the grounds of South End Elementary School on Harper Terrace. Features include basketball courts, two baseball fields, and a playground.
  • North End School Park is nearly identical to South End School's park.
  • Cedar Grove High School, in the back of the high school, there is a quarter-mile track for running or walking. There is also a football field, soccer field, and baseball field.

Recreational areas

  • Tennis courts are located along Little Falls Road, all for public use.
  • Cedar Grove Community Pool, a community pool which opened in 1963. It features a large pool with 50 meter lanes and 25 meter lanes, three diving boards (two small and a large one), and a water slide. Also, there is a baby pool for children under five. There is a snack bar for refreshments, sun decks for sunbathing, and basketball courts. The pool is open from the Saturday before Memorial Day to Labor Day.

Transportation

Cedar Grove Station, 1909
The Cedar Grove station on the Caldwell Branch of the Erie Railroad, in 1909

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 47.09 miles (75.78 km) of roadways, of which 34.59 miles (55.67 km) were maintained by the municipality, 9.22 miles (14.84 km) by Essex County and 3.28 miles (5.28 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Route 23 bisects Cedar Grove, making the township conveniently located to major highways including Interstate 80, Interstate 280, U.S. Route 46, Route 3, and the Garden State Parkway. Cedar Grove is also centrally located to New York City, Newark, Paterson, and Morristown.

Public transportation

Cedar Grove is served by NJ Transit bus service. The 11 bus line provide service to Newark. The 195 bus line provides transportation to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan. In September 2012, as part of budget cuts, NJ Transit suspended service to Newark on the 75 line.

Commuter train stations are located in the neighboring communities of Little Falls and Montclair. The Erie Railroad's Caldwell Branch ran between Little Falls and West Caldwell, but trains were sparsely scheduled and the line was destroyed in the 1970s.


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