Montclair, New Jersey facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Montclair, New Jersey
|Township of Montclair|
Panoramic view of Montclair, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Montclair, New Jersey
|Incorporated||April 15, 1868 (as township)|
|Reincorporated||February 24, 1894 (as town)|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (council–manager)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Total||6.25 sq mi (16.17 km2)|
|• Land||6.24 sq mi (16.16 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2) 0.11%|
|Area rank||252nd of 565 in state
6th of 22 in county
|Elevation||299 ft (91 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Rank||60th of 566 in state
6th of 22 in county
|• Density||5,971.2/sq mi (2,305.5/km2)|
|• Density rank||85th of 566 in state
10th of 22 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||1729720|
Montclair is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 37,669, reflecting a decline of 1,308 (−3.4%) from the 38,977 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,248 (+3.3%) from the 37,729 counted in the 1990 Census. As of 2010[update], it was the 60th-most-populous municipality in New Jersey.
Montclair was first formed as a township on April 15, 1868, from portions of Bloomfield Township, so that a second railroad could be built to Montclair. After a referendum held on February 21, 1894, Montclair was reincorporated as a town, effective February 24, 1894. It derives its name from the French mont clair, meaning "clear mountain" or "bright mountain."
In 1980, after multiple protests filed by Montclair officials regarding inequities built into the federal revenue-sharing system, Montclair passed a referendum changing its name to the "Township of Montclair," becoming the third of more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships to take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 6.315 square miles (16.357 km2), including 6.308 square miles (16.339 km2) of land and 0.007 square mile (0.018 km2) of water (0.11%).
Montclair is on the east side of the First Mountain of the Watchung Mountains. Some higher locations in the township provide excellent views of the surrounding area and of the New York City skyline about 12 miles (19 km) away.
Named localities in the township include Frog Hollow, Montclair Heights, South End, Upper Montclair and Watchung Plaza.
Montclair citizens use two main ZIP codes. The central and southern parts of the township are designated 07042. Upper Montclair lies north of Watchung Avenue and has a separate ZIP code, 07043. Because the ZIP codes do not exactly match municipal boundaries, a few homes near the borders with neighboring towns fall into the ZIP codes for those communities. A few homes in some adjoining municipalities use one of the two ZIP codes assigned to Montclair, as does HackensackUMC Mountainside (07042, formerly known as Mountainside Hospital), whose campus straddles the border with Glen Ridge. Small areas in the southeast of the township fall into the Glen Ridge ZIP code 07028.
Several streams flow eastward through Montclair: Toney's Brook in the center, Nishuane Brook in the southeast, the Wigwam Brook in the southwest, Pearl Brook in the northwest, and Yantacaw Brook in the northeast - all in the Passaic River watershed. Yantacaw and Toney's brooks are dammed in parks to create ponds. Wigwam, Nishuane, and Toney's brooks flow into the Second River, and the others flow into the Third River. Montclair lies just north of the northernmost extent of the Rahway River watershed.
The southern border of Montclair is a straight line between Eagle Rock, on the ridge of the First Watchung Mountain, and the point where Orange Road crosses Nishuane Brook. The eastern border is roughly a straight line between that point and a point just southwest of where Broad Street crosses the Third River. The western border runs roughly along the ridge of the First Watchung Mountain between Eagle Rock and the Essex County/Passaic County border. The northern border is the border between those two counties.
Montclair has a temperate climate, with warm-to-hot, humid summers and cool to cold winters, as is characteristic of the Köppen climate classification humid continental climate. January tends to be the coldest month, with average high temperatures in the upper 30s Fahrenheit and lows averaging 21. July, the warmest month, features high temperatures in the mid-80s and lows in the 70s, with an average high of 86 degrees. From April to June and from September to early November, Montclair experiences temperatures from the lower 60s to the lower 70s.
Montclair gets approximately 50 inches (1,270 mm) of rain per year, above the United States average of 39 inches (990 mm) (weather.com, weatherdb.com). Snowfall is common from December to early March, and totals about 30 inches (760 mm) annually. The number of days each year in Montclair with any measurable precipitation is 90; the area has an average of 202 sunny days.
Montclair is one or two degrees warmer than the neighboring towns of Verona and Cedar Grove because of the mountain between them, which sometimes blocks winds and clouds, including warmer air from the ocean to the east.
|Population sources: 1870–1920
1870–1910 1870 1880–1890
1930–1990 2000 2010 2020
The township has long celebrated its diversity, a feature that has attracted many to the community. The African American population has been stable at around 30% for decades, although it fell from 32% in the 2000 Census to 27% in 2010.
Montclair has attracted many New Yorkers. Many residents work for major media organizations in New York City, including The New York Times and Newsweek. A March 11, 2007, posting in the blog Gawker.com listed some of those who work in the media and live in Montclair. Many residents are commuters to New York City and the Metro Area.
As of the census of 2010, there were 37,669 people, 15,089 households, and 9,446 families residing in the township. The population density was 5,971.2 per square mile (2,305.5/km2). There were 15,911 housing units at an average density of 2,522.2 per square mile (973.8/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 62.16% (23,416) White, 27.16% (10,230) Black or African American, 0.16% (59) Native American, 3.81% (1,434) Asian, 0.02% (9) Pacific Islander, 2.19% (826) from other races, and 4.50% (1,695) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.46% (2,810) of the population.
There were 15,089 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the township, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 82.2 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $95,696 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,396) and the median family income was $126,983 (+/- $8,950). Males had a median income of $83,589 (+/- $5,955) versus $66,063 (+/- $3,616) for females. The per capita income for the township was $53,572 (+/- $2,671). About 4.6% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
Montclair hosts many art institutions and theaters, and despite its relatively small size, has many art venues. It has its own art museum, the Montclair Art Museum, and several small galleries.
Montclair also hosts two theaters that showcase movies and films. Both were originally live theaters, but are now operated by Clearview Cinemas. While the Bellevue Cinema in Upper Montclair mostly shows mainstream Hollywood films, the Clairidge Cinema on Bloomfield Avenue shows different types of movies from documentaries to small scale indie films. The township hosted its first annual film festival in 2012 to provide a platform for filmmakers from New Jersey, the US and the world.
Live theaters include The Montclair Operetta Company, the Wellmont Theatre, Montclair State University's Kasser Theater, Montclair State University's theater in Life Hall, and the Studio Playhouse. On Bloomfield Avenue there is a public stage used for concerts and other events. Dotted around Montclair there are also many art galleries, though most are centered in the Bloomfield Avenue Downtown Area. Concerts are held at the Wellmont Theatre and at several churches and auditoriums sponsored by Outpost in the Burbs, a community-based organization. In 2017, The Montclair Orchestra was formed as a semi-professional orchestra.
Montclair was the setting for some of the stories in the HBO television series The Sopranos, and many Montclair streets, locations and businesses were featured in the show, such as Bloomfield Avenue.
Parks and recreation
Montclair is home to many parks and nature reserves.
Montclair's parks include Edgemont Memorial Park, Essex Park, Glenfield Park, Nishuane Park, Erie Park, Tuers Park, Rand Park, Graz Park, Canterbury Park, Watchung Park, Eagle Rock Reservation, Brookdale Park, Anderson Park, Yantacaw Brook Park, the Bonsal Nature Reserve, Mountainside Park, the Presby Memorial Iris Gardens, and the Mills Reservation. The parks include many sports fields, and additional parks are school-owned, such as the Essex Park fields or Montclair State University's Sprague Field. In total Montclair has 153.9 acres (0.623 km2) of township park land spread around 18 parks and 123.8 acres (0.501 km2) of county park land consisting of five parks.
The township has 18 public tennis courts, four skating rinks (two of which are indoor), and three public swimming pools: the Mountainside pool, the Nishuane pool, and the Essex pool.
In 2007, township residents advocated for construction of a public skatepark. Community members revitalized the effort in 2010 and lobbied the Parks and Recreation Committee for support. The township council passed a resolution expressing approval of the project, but allocated no funds for it.
Montclair is considered a commuter suburb of New York City. NJ Transit and DeCamp Bus Lines are the providers of public transportation. The average Montclair commute is 38 minutes each way. Twenty-four percent of commuters take mass transit, while 59% drive alone. Twelve times more Montclair commuters take mass transit than the national average.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 100.62 miles (161.93 km) of roadways, of which 86.68 miles (139.50 km) were maintained by the municipality and 13.94 miles (22.43 km) by Essex County Road Dept.
Major roads in the township include CR 506 (Bloomfield Avenue).
There is a taxi stand off of Bloomfield Avenue in eastern Montclair, in front of Lackawanna Plaza, formerly the Montclair train station.
NJ Transit buses 11, 28, 29, 34, 97, 191 and 705 run through Montclair, most going along the main street, Bloomfield Avenue. The NJ transit bus routes are:
- #11 from Downtown Newark through Verona, Cedar Grove, and Little Falls to Willowbrook Mall in Wayne. The only Montclair street it goes along is Bloomfield Avenue.
- #28 follows the route of #29 on Bloomfield Avenue until halfway through Montclair, where it goes north along Park Street, Watchung Avenue, and Valley Road to Montclair State University, and to Willowbrook Mall on Weekends
- #29 between West Caldwell and Newark, passing through Caldwell, Verona, Montclair, Glen Ridge, and Bloomfield on Bloomfield Avenue. It goes to Parsippany at rush hour. The only Montclair street it goes along is Bloomfield Avenue.
- #34 to Newark through East Orange and Orange on some trips, otherwise it goes to Bloomfield along Orange Road, Elm Street, and Bloomfield Avenue. It goes farther to the Montclair High School during that school's start and end times.
- #97 goes from the Montclair Center south along Orange and Harrison Roads through the Oranges.
- #191 goes from Willowbrook Mall through Little Falls to Montclair State University, then to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan.
- #705 goes from Passaic along Alexander Avenue, Grove Street (for one block), Mt. Hebron Road and through Montclair State University to Willowbrook Mall.
All of these routes except #97, #191, and #705 were trolley lines originally, operated by the Public Service Railway. A trolley garage existed on Bloomfield Avenue. In the 1930s and 1950s the trolleys were destroyed and replaced with buses.
DeCamp Bus Lines routes 33 and 66 run through Montclair to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City, carrying primarily commuters.
- #33 goes along Bloomfield Avenue, with some buses going onto Grove Street
- #66 goes along Orange Road, Park Street, Valley Road, and Mt. Hebron Road
Montclair State University has shuttle buses going around its campus.
The township of Montclair operates a jitney in the evening from the Bay Street train station to the southern end of Montclair.
Running through Montclair is the Montclair-Boonton Line, serving New York Penn Station via Hoboken Terminal to the east, and Hackettstown to the west. Seven NJ Transit Rail stations serve Montclair: Bay Street, Walnut Street, Watchung Avenue, Upper Montclair, Mountain Avenue, and Montclair Heights in Montclair, and Montclair State University station in the Great Notch area of Little Falls. Only Bay Street station has weekend train service.
Montclair has a long history of railroads. The first railroad to Montclair was built in 1856 by the Newark and Bloomfield Railroad. It terminated at a station in Downtown Montclair. First the Morris and Essex Railroad, then the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad leased the line.
In 1868, the Montclair Railway built another line through Montclair, which caused disputes leading to Montclair's separation from Bloomfield. Shortly afterward it was taken over by the New York and Greenwood Lake Railway, a subsidiary of the Erie Railroad. A third railroad to Morristown was planned in 1860 and construction began, but the Panic of 1873 ended the project. In 1912 the Lackawanna Railroad built a large terminal at the end of their line. The Erie and Lackawanna Railroads later merged, forming the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad, which operated both lines for many decades. They were next operated by Conrail for approximately one year, after which NJ Transit took over passenger operations and Conrail continued freight operations. Meanwhile, the 1912 terminal was closed in 1981 and converted into shops. This station was replaced by the Bay Street station. In 2002, the two railway lines were connected with the construction of the Montclair Connection.
Montclair has four sister cities, as listed by Sister Cities International:
- Barnet, London, United Kingdom
- Cherepovets, Russia
- Graz, Austria
- Laguna de Perlas (Pearl Lagoon), Nicaragua
Points of interest
- Montclair Art Museum
- Howard Van Vleck Arboretum
- Presby Memorial Iris Gardens
- Van Vleck House and Gardens
- Crane House and Museum
- The Montclair Historical Society, which consists of:
- Nathaniel Crane House
- Clark House
- Evergreens (House)
- Yogi Berra Stadium and the Yogi Berra Museum and Learning Center
- Parks and dining in Upper Montclair
- Shopping on Bloomfield Avenue and on Church Street
Montclair is home to the following locations on the National Register of Historic Places:
- The Anchorage - 155 Wildwood Avenue (added 1988)
- Anderson Park - SE corner of Bellevue and North Mountain Avenue (added 2009)
- Joseph Bardsley House - 345 Park Street (added 1988)
- Bradner`s Pharmacy - 33 Watchung Plaza (added 1988)
- Carnegie Library - Church Street at Valley Road (added 1988)
- Casa Deldra - 35 Afterglow Way (added 1988)
- Central Presbyterian Church - 46 Park Street (added 1986)
- J. M. Chapman House - 10 Rockledge (added 1988)
- Cliffside Hose Company No. 4 - 588 Valley Road (added 1988)
- Congregational Church - 42 S. Fullerton Avenue (added 1988)
- Israel Crane House - 110 Orange Road(added 1973)
- Eastward - 50 Lloyd Road (added 1988)
- Egbert Farm - 128 N. Mountain Avenue (added 1988)
- Henry Fenn House - 208 N. Mountain Avenue (added 1988)
- First Methodist Episcopal Church - 24 N. Fullerton Avenue (added 1988)
- Free Public Library, Upper Montclair Branch - 185 Bellevue Avenue (added 1988)
- Frank Goodwillie House - 17 Wayside Place (added 1988)
- Haskell's Bloomfield Villa - 84 Llewellyn Road (added 1988)
- House at 147 Park Street - 147 Park Street (added 1988)
- The House that Lives - 83 Watchung Avenue (added 1988)
- Marlboro Park Historic District - Roughly along Fairfield Street, Waterbury Road, Montclair Avenue, and Watchung Avenue between N. Fullerton and Grove Streets (added 1988)
- Marsellis House - 190 Cooper Avenue (added 1988)
- Miller Street Historic District - Miller and Fulton Streets between Elmwood Avenue, Elm and New Streets (added 1988)
- George A. Miller House - 275 Claremont Avenue (added 1988)
- Montclair Art Museum - 3 S. Mountain Avenue (added 1986)
- Montclair Railroad Station - Lackawanna Plaza (added 1973)
- Mountain Avenue station - 451 Upper Mountain Avenue (added 1984)
- Mountain District - Roughly bounded by Highland, Bradford, Upper Mountain and Claremont Avenue (added 1988)
- Mulford House - 207 Union Street (added 1988)
- Pine Street Historic District - Roughly bounded by Glenridge Avenue, the NJ Transit Boonton Line, Pine and Baldwin Streets (added 2000)
- Post Office Building, Upper Montclair - 242-244 Bellevue Avenue (added 1988)
- Presby Memorial Iris Gardens Horticultural Center - 474 Upper Mountain Avenue (added 1980)
- M. F. Reading House - 87 Midland Avenue (added 1988)
- Red Gables - 99 S. Fullerton Avenue (added 1988)
- Charles S. Shultz House - 30 N. Mountain Avenue (added 1979)
- S. C. Smith House - 40 Northview Avenue (added 1988)
- St. Luke's Church - 69 S. Fullerton Avenue (added 1988)
- Stone Eagles - 60 Undercliff Road (added 1988)
- Upper Montclair station - 275 Bellevue Avenue (added 1984)
- Van Reyper-Bond House - 848 Valley Road (added 1979)
- Von Schmid House - 580 Park Street (added 1988)
- Watchung Avenue station - Park Street (added 1984)
- Allyn Wight House - 75 Gates Avenue (added 1988)
In popular culture
Montclair has six distinct commercial zones:
- Montclair Center, centered on the intersection of Bloomfield Avenue, South Fullerton Avenue, Glenridge Avenue and Church Street, is the township's main commercial zone. This intersection is also known as Six Corners. It is home to some of Montclair's largest stores and restaurants, and features many upscale restaurants and boutiques near the center of this commercial district. Near the eastern end of this district is Lackawanna Plaza, which once housed the Lackawanna railway station. There is a post office one block to the north of this area. In 2015, Montclair Center won the Great American Main Street Award from the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
- Upper Montclair, in the north of the town, is the second-largest commercial zone. The center is the intersection of Valley Road and Bellevue Avenue, and incorporates the surrounding areas. The Upper Montclair Business District is home to several restaurants and shops. This commercial zone is home to several chain stores such as Starbucks, Talbots, Williams Sonoma, Athleta, Cold Stone Creamery, Supercuts and CVS. Despite the recession, the area in 2009–2010 saw the opening of several new national and local merchants. Upper Montclair also has both a park, Anderson Park, and a railway station, Upper Montclair, nearby. There is a post office here.
- Watchung Plaza is located around the intersection of Watchung Avenue and Park Street, and is on the divide between two Montclair ZIP Codes, 07042 and 07043. It is home to many "Mom and Pop Stores" and other small businesses. Watchung Plaza has its own post office. It is served by the Watchung Avenue station.
- Walnut Street, built around the Walnut Street train station. In the spring, summer, and fall it is home to the Montclair Farmer's Market.
- South End, in the south of town, at the intersection of Cedar Avenue and Orange Road.
- Valley Road, between Chestnut Street and Claremont Avenue, is known locally as "Frog Hollow." This area has some strip-mall style shops on one side of Valley Road, and on the other side window shops with residential apartments on top of them.
- Minor league baseball New Jersey Jackals of the Frontier League. The Jackals play at Yogi Berra Stadium, which has seating for 3,784, plus overflow capacity.
- New York Red Bulls II, the USL Championship affiliate of Major League Soccer's New York Red Bulls, play at Montclair State University as of 2017.
- Floyd Hall Arena, an ice rink which is actually located in Little Falls on the grounds of Montclair State University and is host to its ice hockey club. The facility also hosts other hockey leagues and teams and other on-ice sports.
- Home to the New Jersey Pride of Major League Lacrosse for the 2004 and 2005 seasons.
- Montclair Rugby Football Club, also known as the Norsemen, of USA Rugby Division 2. They play at Codey Field.
- Essex Eagles cricket team, a Division III team in the Cricket League of New Jersey.
- Montclair United Soccer Club
- Amateur Baseball Association baseball team the Montclair Giants
- Montclair Athletic Club ice hockey team, member of the American Amateur Hockey League in 1897–98 and 1898–99.
The Montclair Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district consists of seven elementary schools, three middle schools and one high school. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of 11 schools, had an enrollment of 6,767 students and 564.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.0:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Bradford Elementary School (436 students; in grades K-5, Magnet Theme: The University Magnet), Charles H. Bullock Elementary School (448; K-5, Environmental Science), Edgemont Montessori School (280; K-5, Montessori), Hillside Elementary School (577; 3–5, Gifted and Talented), Nishuane Elementary School (417; K-2, Gifted and Talented), Northeast Elementary School (412; K-5, Global Studies), Watchung Elementary School (425; K-5, Science and Technology),
Buzz Aldrin Middle School (667; 6–8, The STEM Magnet), Glenfield Middle School (675; 6–8, Visual and Performing Arts), Renaissance Middle School at the Rand Building (257; 6–8, Liberal Arts) and Montclair High School (2,081; 9-12).
Montclair is home to Montclair State University, which was founded in 1908 as the New Jersey State Normal School at Montclair.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark supervises the operation of Immaculate Conception High School (coed) and Lacordaire Academy (for girls)at the high school level and Lacordaire Academy Lower Division and St. Cassian School for grades PreK-8. In 2016, St. Cassian School was one of ten schools in New Jersey, and one of four private schools in the state, recognized as a National Blue Ribbon School by the United States Department of Education, a recognition celebrating excellence in academics.
Montclair is also home to a host of private and parochial schools, including Montclair Kimberley Academy, Montclair Community Pre-K, Montclair Cooperative School, Virginia Harkness Sawtelle Learning, Maria Montessori Early Learning, Montclair Cooperative School, Trinity Academy and Deron School II.
Images for kids
Olympia Dukakis (2019)
In Spanish: Montclair (Nueva Jersey) para niños
Montclair, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.