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Central Development Region (मध्यमाञ्चल - Madhyamāñcala)
Region
Bagmati-river.jpg
Bagmati river in Pashupatinath, Nepal
Country  Nepal
Zones Janakpur, Bagmati, Narayani
Headquarters Hetauda
Area 27,410 km² (10,583 sq mi)
Population 9,656,985 (2011)
Density 352 /km² (912 /sq mi)
Timezone NPT (UTC+5:45)
ISO 3166-2 NP-1
Location of the Central Region
Location of the Central Region

Central Development Region (Nepali:मध्यमाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र - Madyamānchal Bikās Kshetra) is one of Nepal's five development regions. It is in the east-central part of the country with headquarters at Hetauda.

Geography

The Central Development Region has the Eastern Development Region to the east, the India to the south, the Western Development Region to the west and the People's Republic of China to the north.

It is the fourth largest Development Region of Nepal with an area of 27,410 km2 (10,580 sq mi) but first in population with 9,656,985 people living there; its population density is the highest of all regions with 352.3 persons/km2.

Part of this region is in the Kathmandu Valley with an area of 950 km2 (370 sq mi); it is 35 km (22 mi) long from east-west, and 30 km (19 mi) long from north to south.

The most important river in the Central Development Region is the Bagmati, tributary of the Kosi river. It flows through the Kathmandu Valley and is part of the Ganges watershed. The Bagmati is considered a holy river by Hindus and Buddhists.

Other rivers of this region are Kamala, Lakhandei and Bisnumati; these three small rivers are tributaries of the Bagmati.

Cities

The major cities of this region are Kathmandu, Patan, Bharatpur, Bhaktapur, Bhairawa, Lalitpur, Nagarkot and Janakpur. Other notable places are Khokana, Hetauda, Harisiddhi, Godavari, etc.

Administrative subdivisions

The region has 3 Zones with a total of 19 Districts:

Zone Population
(2011)
 Area 
(km²)
Pop. density
(inh/km²)
Districts
Number Names
Janakpur 2,837,481 9,669 293.5 6 Dhanusa, Dolkha, Mahottari, Ramechhap, Sarlahi, Sindhuli
Bagmati 3,843,596 9,428 407.7 8 Bhaktapur, Dhading, Kathmandu, Kavrepalanchok, Lalitpur, Nuwakot, Rasuwa, Sindhulpalchok
Narayani 2,975,908 8,313 358.0 5 Bara,Chitwan, Makwanpur, Parsa, Rautahat
Total 9,656,985 27,410 352.3 19

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