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Châlons-en-Champagne
Prefecture and commune
City Hall of Châlons-en-Champagne
City Hall of Châlons-en-Champagne
Coat of arms of Châlons-en-Champagne
Coat of arms
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Marne
Arrondissement Châlons-en-Champagne
Canton Châlons-en-Champagne-1, 2 and 3
Intercommunality CA Châlons-en-Champagne
Area1 26.05 km2 (10.06 sq mi)
Population (2014) 45,002
 • Density 1,727.5/km2 (4,474.3/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
INSEE/Postal code 51108 /51000
Elevation 82–84 m (269–276 ft)
(avg. 83 m or 272 ft)
Website Official website
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Châlons-en-Champagne is a commune in the Marne department in the Grand Est region in northeastern France. It is the préfecture (capital) of the department.

Even if Châlons-en-Champagne is the capital of the department, it is only the second largest city in population after Reims. It should not be confused with Chalon-sur-Saône, a city in the Saône-et-Loire department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

History

Formerly called Châlons-sur-Marne, the name of the city was changed to Châlons-en-Champagne in 1995 but it was rejected in 1997. But, finally, this change was accepted in 1998.

Geography

Châlons-en-Champagne is in the centre of the Marne department. The Marne river flows through the western part of the city.

It has an area of 26.1 km2 (10.1 sq mi). Its average altitude is 116 m (381 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 85 m (279 ft).

The distances from Châlons-en-Champagne to other cities are:

Châlons-en-Champagne and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Châlons-en-Champagne

The commune of Châlons-en-Champagne is surrounded by the communes L'Épine, Saint-Memmie, Sarry, Compertrix, Fagnières and Saint-Martin-sur-le-Pré.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Châlons-en-Champagne is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".

The average temperature for the year in Châlons-en-Champagne is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20 °C (68 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 0 °C (32 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Châlons-en-Champagne is 627.4 mm (24.70 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is July with 61 mm (2.4 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.60 in).

Population

The inhabitants of Châlons-en-Champagne are known, in French, as Châlonnais (women: Châlonnaises ).

With a population of 45,002, Châlons-en-Champagne has a population density of 1,728 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Châlons-en-Champagne

Châlons-en-Champagne forms, with other 4 communes, the urban area of Châlons-en-Champagne with a population of 57,571 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 74.8 km2 (28.9 sq mi). This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Châlons-en-Champagne, formed by 66 communes, with a population of 81,486 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 1,129.6 km2 (436.1 sq mi).

Administration

Châlons-en-Champagne is a prefecture of the Marne department since 1800. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Châlons-en-Champagne and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of three cantons:

  • Châlons-en-Champagne-1 formed by 3 communes and part of Châlons-en-Champagne, with 26,915 inhabitants (2014).
  • Châlons-en-Champagne-2 formed by 18 communes and part of Châlons-en-Champagne, with 25,837 inhabitants (2014).
  • Châlons-en-Champagne-3 formed by 41 communes and part of Châlons-en-Champagne, with 25,430 inhabitants (2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Châlons Agglo (French: Communauté d'agglomération de Châlons-en-Champagne).

Twinned and partner towns

Châlons-en-Champagne is twinned with:

Places of interest

Some interesting places in Mâcon are:

  • The Mâcon Cathedral (Cathédrale Saint-Vincent de Mâcon) in the town centre
  • The Saint-Pierre Church (Èglise Saint-Pierre) in the Place Saint-Pierre
  • The Museum of Fine Arts (former Ursuline Convent)
  • Hôtel Senecé (Lamartine museum)

People from or related to Mâcon

  • Alphonse de Lamartine (1790-1869), poet
  • Georges Duby (1919–1996), historian

Gallery

Châlons-en-Champagne panorama
Panoramic view of the town hall square in Châlons-en-Champagne.

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