Marne facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Marne department, in Châlons-en-Champagne
Location of Marne in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|Subprefectures||Épernay, Reims, Sainte-Menehould, Vitry-le-François|
|• Total||8,161.6 km2 (3,151.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||69.8391/km2 (180.8825/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-51|
Marne is a department in northeastern France named after the river Marne which flows through the department. The prefecture (capital) of Marne is Châlons-en-Champagne (formerly known as Châlons-sur-Marne).
It was divided in six districts: Châlons-sur-Marne, Reims, Épernay, Sézanne, Sainte-Menehould and Vitry-le-François.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into five arrondissements: Châlons-sur-Marne, Épernay, Reims, Sainte-Menehould and Vitry-le-François.
On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Sainte-Menehould was eliminated but in 1940 Sainte-Menehould was made again an arrondissement.
In 1995, the name of Châlons-sur-Marne was changed to Châlons-en-Champagne but it was rejected in 1997. But, finally, this change was accepted in 1998.
- Grand Est region
- Île-de-France region
- Seine-et-Marne department (southwest)
- Hauts-de-France region
- Aisne department (west)
Marne has an area of 8,161.6 km2 (3,151 sq mi), the 7th largest department of the Metropolitan France. The department is 116 km (72 mi) long from Villeneuve-la-Lionne to Trois-Fontaines-l'Abbaye, and 97 km (60 mi) wide from Cormicy to Clesles.
There are three geographic regions in the department:
- The Champagne crayeuse in the centre of the department; it is a plain where cereals are grown.
- A region with low hills in the eastern part of the department.
- Champagne vineyards, in the western part of the deparment. Here is the Montagne de Reims ("Mountain of Reims") where are the highest points of the department in the forests of the Verzey commune; several hills are 286 m (938 ft) high ( )..
This area is characterized by climates with few extremes of temperature. The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Châlons-en-Champagne is a "Marine West Coast Climate" and of the subtype "Cfb".
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Châlons-en-Champagne is 627.4 mm (24.7 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is July with 61 mm (2.4 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).
The average temperature for the year in Châlons-en-Champagne is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20 °C (68 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 0 °C (32 °F)
The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Marne department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
- Argonne Suippe et Vesle
- Dormans-Paysages de Champagne
- Fismes-Montagne de Reims
- Mourmelon-Vesle et Monts de Champagne
- Sézanne-Brie et Champagne
- Vertus-Plaine Champenoise
- Vitry-le-François-Champagne et Der
The Porte Mars in Reims.
Marne Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.