Ardennes (department) facts for kids

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Ardennes
Department
Prefecture building of the Ardennes department, in Charleville-Mézières
Prefecture building of the Ardennes department, in Charleville-Mézières
Flag of Ardennes
Flag
Coat of arms of Ardennes
Coat of arms
Location of Ardennes in France
Location of Ardennes in France
Country France
Region Grand Est
Département 4 March 1790
Area
 • Total 5,229.4 km2 (2,019.1 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 280,907
 • Density 53.7169/km2 (139.1261/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ardennais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-08
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 19
Communes 457
Website www.cd08.fr

Ardennes is a department in the Grand Est region of northeastern France named after the Ardennes forest. Its prefecture is the city of Charleville-Mézières.

History

Ardennes is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Mézières as is capital. It was formed with the former province of Champagne, the principalities of Sedan and Argonne and other territories.

It was divided in six districts: Charleville, Grandpré, Rethel, Rocroi, Sedan and Vouziers.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into five arrondissements: Mézières, Rethel, Rocroi, Sedan and Vouziers.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Rocroi and Sedan were eliminated but in 1942 Sedan was made again an arrondissement.

The communes of Charleville and Mézières are joined to form the new commune of Charleville-Mézières; it was named the capital of the department.

Geography

Ardennes is part of the Grand Est region. It has an area of 5,229.4 km2 (2,019 sq mi).

The department borders with Belgium (Namur and Luxembourg provinces) and 3 other departments in 2 regions:

The highest point of the department is Croix-Scaille () with an altitude of 500–505 m (1,640–1,657 ft) high.; it is found between the French commune of Hautes-Rivières and the Belgian commune of Gedinne.

The lowest point is on the Aisne river in Brienne-sur-Aisne, 57 m (187 ft) high.

Several rivers flow through the department; the main rivers are the Meuse, in the north, and the Aisne, in the south.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Charleville-Mézières is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Marine West Coast Climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Charleville-Mézières is 703.6 mm (27.7 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is November with 86.4 mm (3.4 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is June with an average of 38.1 mm (1.5 in).

The average temperature for the year in Charleville-Mézières is 9.9 °C (49.8 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.1 °C (64.6 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.3 °C (36.1 °F).

Climate data for Charleville-Mézières, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
6.6
(43.9)
10.8
(51.4)
14.6
(58.3)
18.8
(65.8)
21.6
(70.9)
24.1
(75.4)
23.7
(74.7)
19.6
(67.3)
14.9
(58.8)
9.1
(48.4)
5.7
(42.3)
14.55
(58.19)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
3.0
(37.4)
6.2
(43.2)
9.0
(48.2)
13.1
(55.6)
15.9
(60.6)
18.1
(64.6)
17.7
(63.9)
14.3
(57.7)
10.6
(51.1)
5.9
(42.6)
3.1
(37.6)
9.93
(49.88)
Average low °C (°F) -0.5
(31.1)
-0.7
(30.7)
1.6
(34.9)
3.3
(37.9)
7.3
(45.1)
10.2
(50.4)
12.1
(53.8)
11.7
(53.1)
8.9
(48)
6.2
(43.2)
2.7
(36.9)
0.5
(32.9)
5.28
(41.5)
Rainfall mm (inches) 68
(2.68)
51.9
(2.043)
46.9
(1.846)
58.9
(2.319)
50.9
(2.004)
38.7
(1.524)
41.8
(1.646)
37.1
(1.461)
56.8
(2.236)
80.7
(3.177)
87.4
(3.441)
83.7
(3.295)
702.8
(27.67)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration

Ardennes is managed by the General Council of Ardennes in Charleville-Mézières. The department is part of the Grand Est region.

Administrative divisions

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 19 cantons and 457 communes (municipalities) in Ardennes.

Arrondissements of the Ardennes
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
081 Charleville-Mézières Charleville-Mézières 161,902 1,825.3 88.7 160
082 Rethel Rethel 36,844 1,199.7 30.7 101
083 Sedan Sedan 60,035 792.2 75.8 76
084 Vouziers Vouziers 22,126 1,412.2 15.7 120

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Ardennes department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  1. Attigny
  2. Bogny-sur-Meuse
  3. Carignan
  4. Charleville-Mézières-1
  5. Charleville-Mézières-2
  6. Charleville-Mézières-3
  7. Charleville-Mézières-4
  8. Château-Porcien
  9. Givet
  10. Nouvion-sur-Meuse
  11. Rethel
  12. Revin
  13. Rocroi
  14. Sedan-1
  15. Sedan-2
  16. Sedan-3
  17. Signy-l'Abbaye
  18. Villers-Semeuse
  19. Vouziers

Demographics

The inhabitants of the Ardennes department are known, in French, as Ardennais (women: Ardennaises),

Ardennes had a population, in 2013, of 280,907, for a population density of 53.7 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Charleville-Mézières, with 161,902 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.

Evolution of the population in the Ardennes

The main communes in the department are:

City Population
(2013)
Arrondissement
Charleville-Mézières 48,991 Charleville-Mézières
Sedan 18,134 Sedan
Rethel 7,730 Rethel
Revin 6,783 Charleville-Mézières
Givet 6,618 Charleville-Mézières
Nouzonville 6,214 Charleville-Mézières
Bogny-sur-Meuse 5,291 Charleville-Mézières

Gallery

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