Charleston, Tennessee facts for kids

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Charleston, Tennessee
City
Buildings along US-11
Buildings along US-11
Location of Charleston, Tennessee
Location of Charleston, Tennessee
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Bradley
Area
 • Total 1.0 sq mi (2.7 km2)
 • Land 1.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 728 ft (222 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 651
 • Density 650/sq mi (241/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 37310
Area code(s) 423
FIPS code 47-13020
GNIS feature ID 1305866

Charleston is a city in Bradley County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 651 at the 2010 census. It is included in the Cleveland Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Charleston was the site of the last Cherokee Agency as well as Fort Cass, the headquarters of the Cherokee Removal of 1838, known as the Trail of Tears. The valley between Charleston and Cleveland, Tennessee was filled for 12 miles (19 km) with internment camps in which thousands of Cherokee from various towns waited during the summer of 1838 for the start of the main trek west (Duncan 2003:261).

Geography

Charleston is situated along the south bank of the Hiwassee River, which flows down out of the Appalachian Mountains several miles to the east and empties into the Chickamauga Lake impoundment of the Tennessee River several miles to the west. The river forms the boundary between Bradley County and McMinn County. Calhoun, Charleston's sister city, is situated on the north bank of the Hiwassee, on the McMinn County side.

Charleston is traversed by U.S. Route 11, which enters the city from Calhoun to the north and exits the city en route to Cleveland to the south. Interstate 75, which roughly parallels U.S. 11 in the area, runs along Charleston's western boundary.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), of which 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 5.77%, is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 359
1890 394 9.7%
1960 764
1970 792 3.7%
1980 756 −4.5%
1990 653 −13.6%
2000 630 −3.5%
2010 651 3.3%
Est. 2015 676 3.8%
Sources:

As of the census of 2000, there were 630 people, 265 households, and 182 families residing in the city. The population density was 639.9 people per square mile (248.2/km²). There were 280 housing units at an average density of 284.4 per square mile (110.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.54% White, 23.49% African American, 0.48% Asian, 0.79% from other races, and 2.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.90% of the population.

There were 265 households out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $40,781. Males had a median income of $31,389 versus $18,333 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,586. About 5.7% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.0% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Charleston has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Coordinates: 35°17′04″N 84°45′25″W / 35.284366°N 84.756837°W / 35.284366; -84.756837


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