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Charlton County, Georgia facts for kids

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Charlton County
Charlton County Courthouse in Folkston
Map of Georgia highlighting Charlton County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded 1854; 167 years ago (1854)
Named for Robert M. Charlton
Seat Folkston
Largest city Folkston
 • Total 782 sq mi (2,030 km2)
 • Land 774 sq mi (2,000 km2)
 • Water 8.8 sq mi (23 km2)  1.1%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 16.4/sq mi (6.3/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 1st

Charlton County is the southernmost county of the U.S. state of Georgia, located in the southeastern part of the state. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,171. The county seat is Folkston.


Charlton County was created from a portion of Camden County, Georgia by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on February 18, 1854. The original county seat was at Trader's Hill, until 1901. Additional lands from Ware County, Georgia, were added to Charlton's borders by an 1855 act of the General Assembly. In 1856, an additional legislative act redefined the Charlton–Camden borders again with each county ceding land to the other.

The county is named for Robert Milledge Charlton, a U. S. Senator from Georgia.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 782 square miles (2,030 km2), of which 774 square miles (2,000 km2) is land and 8.8 square miles (23 km2) (1.1%) is water. It is the fifth-largest county by area in Georgia. It is the southernmost county in Georgia. A large portion of the county lies within the Okefenokee Swamp and its federally protected areas.

The entire central and southern portion of Charlton County is located in the St. Marys sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla basin. The county's northeastern portion, north of Homeland, is located in the Satilla River sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla basin. The western portion of Charlton County is located in the Upper Suwannee River sub-basin of the larger Suwannee River basin.

Major highways

  • US 1.svg U.S. Route 1
  • US 23.svg U.S. Route 23
  • US 301.svg U.S. Route 301
  • Georgia 4.svg State Route 4
  • Georgia 15.svg State Route 15
  • Georgia 23.svg State Route 23
  • Georgia 40.svg State Route 40
  • Georgia 40 Connector.svg State Route 40 Connector
  • Georgia 94.svg State Route 94
  • Georgia 121.svg State Route 121
  • Georgia 177.svg State Route 177
  • Georgia 185.svg State Route 185
  • Georgia 252.svg State Route 252

Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,780
1870 1,897 6.6%
1880 2,154 13.5%
1890 3,335 54.8%
1900 3,592 7.7%
1910 4,722 31.5%
1920 4,536 −3.9%
1930 4,381 −3.4%
1940 5,256 20.0%
1950 4,821 −8.3%
1960 5,313 10.2%
1970 5,680 6.9%
1980 7,343 29.3%
1990 8,496 15.7%
2000 10,282 21.0%
2010 12,171 18.4%
2019 (est.) 13,392 10.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2019

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,171 people, 3,927 households, and 2,866 families living in the county. The population density was 15.7 inhabitants per square mile (6.1/km2). There were 4,475 housing units at an average density of 5.8 per square mile (2.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.6% white, 28.5% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 7.9% were American, 7.3% were English, and 6.2% were Irish.

Of the 3,927 households, 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.0% were non-families, and 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.10. The median age was 38.2 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,850 and the median income for a family was $45,913. Males had a median income of $36,675 versus $25,140 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,652. About 18.1% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.



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