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Cheatham County, Tennessee facts for kids

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Cheatham County
Cheatham County Courthouse in Ashland City
Cheatham County Courthouse in Ashland City
Map of Tennessee highlighting Cheatham County
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Tennessee
Founded February 28, 1856
Named for Edward Saunders Cheatham or Benjamin F. Cheatham
Seat Ashland City
Largest town Ashland City
 • Total 307 sq mi (800 km2)
 • Land 302 sq mi (780 km2)
 • Water 4.6 sq mi (12 km2)  1.5%%
 • Total 39,105
 • Density 129/sq mi (50/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 5th, 6th

Cheatham County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,105. Its county seat is Ashland City.

Cheatham County is part of the Nashville-DavidsonMufreesboroFranklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Cheatham County was created by an Act of the Tennessee General Assembly in 1856, from lands formerly of Davidson, Dickson, Montgomery, and Robertson counties. Cheatham County was named for Edward Saunders Cheatham, a state legislator.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 307 square miles (800 km2), of which 302 square miles (780 km2) is land and 4.6 square miles (12 km2) (1.5%) is water.

The county is bisected from northwest to southeast by the Cumberland River, with Ashland City located on its northern bank. The southern portion of the county is bisected from southeast to northwest by the Harpeth River, which meanders through generally hilly country, and along whose course are located the communities of Kingston Springs, largely to the north of Interstate 40, and Pegram, along State Highway 70. The western border of the central portion of the county is defined by the course of the Harpeth. The hills east of the Harpeth and south of the Cumberland are partly set aside by the state as the Cheatham State Wildlife Management Area. North of Ashland City the hills subside into more level highlands, where the community of Pleasant View is located just south of Interstate 24, which generally delineates the northern border of the county.

Adjacent counties

State protected areas


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 7,258
1870 6,678 −8.0%
1880 7,956 19.1%
1890 8,845 11.2%
1900 10,112 14.3%
1910 10,540 4.2%
1920 10,039 −4.8%
1930 9,025 −10.1%
1940 9,928 10.0%
1950 9,167 −7.7%
1960 9,428 2.8%
1970 13,199 40.0%
1980 21,616 63.8%
1990 27,140 25.6%
2000 35,912 32.3%
2010 39,105 8.9%
Est. 2015 39,741 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014
USA Cheatham County, Tennessee.csv age pyramid
Age pyramid Cheatham County

As of the census of 2000, there were 35,912 people, 12,878 households, and 10,160 families residing in the county. The population density was 119 people per square mile (46/km²). There were 13,508 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.86% White, 1.48% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 1.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2005 the racial makeup of the county was 94.8% non-Hispanic whites, 2.1% African-Americans and 1.7% Latinos. In 2000 there were 12,878 households out of which 39.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.90% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.10% were non-families. 16.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.70% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 8.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,836, and the median income for a family was $49,143. Males had a median income of $34,476 versus $25,191 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,882. About 5.30% of families and 7.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.60% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.




Unincorporated communities

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