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City of Hawkesbury facts for kids

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City of Hawkesbury
New South Wales
Hawkesbury LGA NSW.png
Location in New South Wales
Population 66,134 (2015 Est.)
 • Density 23.82/km2 (61.7/sq mi)
Established 1989
Area 2,776 km2 (1,071.8 sq mi)
Mayor Mary Lyons-Buckett (Independent)
Council seat Windsor
Region Outer Metropolitan Sydney
State electorate(s)
  • Hawkesbury
  • Londonderry
  • Riverstone
Federal Division(s) Macquarie
Hawkesbury City Council Logo.png
Website City of Hawkesbury
LGAs around City of Hawkesbury:
Mid-Western Singleton Cessnock,
Central Coast
Lithgow City of Hawkesbury Hills
Blue Mountains Penrith Blacktown

The City of Hawkesbury is a local government area of New South Wales, Australia, part of which is at the fringe of the Sydney metropolitan area, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) north-west of the Sydney central business district. Hawkesbury City is named after the Hawkesbury River.

The Mayor of the City of Hawkesbury is Cr. Mary Lyons-Buckett, an Independent.

Suburbs and localities

Until recently the City of Hawkesbury remained largely rural, but urban expansion within Sydney has since transformed the southern part of the area into dormitory suburbs; the lack of quality roads and public transport is a major local issue. The northern part of the local government area still contains some farmlands, as well as a vast area of national park, which will remain untouched due to the inaccessible terrain.

Suburbs and localities in the City of Hawkesbury are:


At the 2011 Census, there were 62,353 people in the Hawkesbury local government area, of these 49.3% were male and 50.7% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.6% of the population which on par with the national average. The median age of people in the City of Hawkesbury was 36 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 21.4% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 11.6% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 49.8% were married and 12.4% were either divorced or separated.

Population in the City of Hawkesbury between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census decreased by 0.54%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 2.96%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% respectively, population growth in Hawkesbury local government area was significantly lower than the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Hawkesbury was marginally higher than the national average.

At the 2011 Census, the proportion of residents in the Hawkesbury local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Saxon approached 76% of all residents (national average was 65.2%). In excess of 64.8% of all residents in the City of Hawkesbury nominated a religious affiliation with Christianity at the 2011 Census, which was significantly above the national average of 50.2%. Meanwhile, as at the Census date, compared to the national average, households in the Hawkesbury local government area had a lower than average proportion (8.1%) where two or more languages are spoken (national average was 20.4%); and a significantly higher proportion (90.4%) where English only was spoken at home (national average was 76.8%).

Selected historical census data for Hawkesbury local government area
Census year 2001 2006 2011
Population Estimated residents on Census night 60,887 60,561 62,353
LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales 34th
% of New South Wales population 0.90%
% of Australian population 0.32% Decrease 0.31% Decrease 0.29%
Cultural and language diversity
top responses
Australian 32.6%
English 29.5%
Irish 7.6%
Scottish 6.3%
Maltese 3.1%
top responses
(other than English)
Maltese 0.8% Decrease 0.7% Increase 0.8%
Italian 0.6% Steady 0.6% Decrease 0.5%
Macedonian 0.4% Steady 0.4% Decrease 0.3%
German 0.3% Steady 0.3% Steady 0.3%
Arabic 0.3% Steady 0.3% Steady 0.3%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
Anglican 30.9% Decrease 29.9% Decrease 29.4%
Catholic 26.6% Increase 27.3% Increase 28.2%
No Religion 12.2% Increase 14.8% Increase 16.7%
Uniting Church 5.7% Decrease 5.0% Decrease 4.4%
Presbyterian and Reformed 3.0% Increase 5.7% Decrease 2.8%
Median weekly incomes
Personal income Median weekly personal income A$527 A$622
% of Australian median income 113.1% 107.8%
Family income Median weekly family income A$1,146 A$1,598
% of Australian median income 111.6% 107.9%
Household income Median weekly household income A$1,290 A$1,385
% of Australian median income 110.2% 112.2%


It was first settled by Europeans in 1794 in a bid to acquire arable land to feed the increasing population of the penal colony at Sydney. In April 1794, Lieutenant Governor Francis Grose submitted plans for the first 22 farms on the Hawkesbury River in the present Pitt Town Bottoms area. In June 1795 a camp of aborigines opposing the landtakings was harassed by a British regiment commanded by Paterson (who later regretted the necessary injustice).

By 1811 Governor Lachlan Macquarie established the five Macquarie Towns in the area. They are Windsor, Richmond, Castlereagh, Wilberforce and Pitt Town. Many of the early 19th century buildings still survive today. Ebenezer has the oldest surviving church and school building in Australia. Windsor District Council was formed in 1843 and disbanded in 1846. In 1871 the Borough Council of Windsor was founded and the Richmond Borough Council followed in 1872. The two Councils amalgamated in 1949 to become Windsor Municipal Council. Colo Shire Council was established in 1906 and joined Windsor Municipal Council in 1981 to become Hawkesbury Shire Council. In 1989, Hawkesbury became a City.

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