kids encyclopedia robot

Comanche County, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Comanche County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Comanche County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1856
Seat Comanche
Largest City Comanche
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

948 sq mi (2,455 km²)
938 sq mi (2,429 km²)
9.9 sq mi (26 km²), 1.0%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

13,974
15/sq mi (6/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Comanche tribe

Comanche County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in Central Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 13,974. The county seat is Comanche. The county was founded in 1856 and is named for the Comanche Native American tribe.

History

  • Among the first inhabitants were the Comanche Indian tribe.
  • In 1854, Jesse M Mercer and others organized a colony near the future settlement of Newburg in Comanche County on lands earlier granted by Mexico to Stephen F. Austin and Samuel May Williams. Frank M. Collier built the first log house in the county.
  • In 1856, the Texas legislature formed Comanche County from Coryell and Bosque counties. Cora community, named after Cora Beeman of Bell County, was designated as the county seat.
  • Comanche became the county seat in 1859.
  • As of 1860, the county population was 709 persons, including 61 slaves.
  • The Comanche Chief began publication in 1873. Editor Joe Hill’s brother, Robert T. Hill, worked on the newspaper while developing his esteemed career as a geologist.
  • John Wesley Hardin and his gang celebrated his 21st birthday in 1874 in Brown and Comanche counties. Deputy Charles Webb drew his gun, provoking a gunfight that ended Webb’s life. A lynch mob was formed, but Hardin and his family were put into protective custody. The mob broke into the jail and hanged his brother Joe and two cousins. Hardin fled.
  • In 1877, John Wesley Hardin was arrested on a train in Pensacola, Florida by Texas Rangers and a local authority while traveling under the alias James W. Swain. Hardin was tried in Comanche for the murder of Deputy Sheriff Charles Webb, and sentenced to 25 years in Huntsville Prison.
  • The Texas Central Railroad began service in Comanche County in 1885, and began carrying cattle and cotton to market.
  • By 1890, cotton had become king in the county, but by the start of the 20th century, the boll weevil had devastated the county cotton industry for three decades.
  • In 1907, farmers in the county began to experiment with peanut farming.
  • Oil was discovered at Desdemona in 1910.
  • The peak year for the Comanche County oil boom was 1920. More than 70,000 fruit trees were grown in the county.
  • In 1951–1952, a desperate, drought-stricken county experimented with rain making.
  • Proctor Lake was impounded in 1963 to provide flood control and drinking water.
  • From 1968 to 1974, the Comanche County native Jim Reese served as the mayor of Odessa, Texas. He launched unsuccessful congressional campaigns in the 1976 general election against the Democrat George H. Mahon and in the 1978 Republican primary against George W. Bush.
  • During the 1970s, the oil industrialist Bill Noël of Odessa purchased orchards in Comanche County.
  • As of 1982, Comanche was ranked second in Texas, with a peanut production of more than 45,546,000 pounds.

The Great Depression

Known for its fertile soil, Comanche County was a hotbed of political populism in the latter years of the 19th century. In the early 20th century, the Comanche region raised hogs, poultry, peanuts, watermelons, cantaloupes, and engaged in dairying. The area normally receives twenty inches of precipitation per year, but in the Dust Bowl of the Great Depression, drought conditions persisted. Farm products lost some 75 percent of their value during the depression, which the area state representative, Oscar Callaway, blamed primarily on the Federal Reserve System. Nearly 200 county families were on public relief, and area churches formed a private community chest for charity. Some sought employment as day laborers. Rabbits raided the peanut crop. Home canning saved many from total ruin. The county sought federal loans for water resources, civic buildings, and parks. At the time, none of the public schools in Comanche County even had a gymnasium. Ben Barnes, a lobbyist who was reared in Comanche County and formerly the former Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives and lieutenant governor, recalled how the Rural Electrification Administration in particular eased the plight of county residents. Despite the hardships, in 1934 all downtown buildings in the county seat were in use, and a few additional businesses opened even as the depression continued. Like much of the rest of the nation, Comanche County nevertheless persevered through the hard times.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 948 square miles (2,460 km2), of which 938 square miles (2,430 km2) is land and 9.9 square miles (26 km2) (1.0%) is water. The county is located some sixty miles north of the geographic center of Texas.

The county is home to Proctor Lake.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 709
1870 1,001 41.2%
1880 8,608 759.9%
1890 15,608 81.3%
1900 23,009 47.4%
1910 27,186 18.2%
1920 25,748 −5.3%
1930 18,430 −28.4%
1940 19,245 4.4%
1950 15,516 −19.4%
1960 11,865 −23.5%
1970 11,898 0.3%
1980 12,617 6.0%
1990 13,381 6.1%
2000 14,026 4.8%
2010 13,974 −0.4%
Est. 2015 13,430 −3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,026 people, 5,522 households, and 3,926 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 7,105 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.30% White, 0.44% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 9.70% from other races, and 1.82% from two or more races. About 21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,522 households, of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were not families. About 26% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 20.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,422, and the median income for a family was $34,810. Males had a median income of $26,094 versus $18,912 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,677. About 14% of families and 17.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.60% of those under age 18 and 16.00% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Major highways

  • US 67.svg US 377.svg U.S. Highway 67/U.S. Highway 377
  • Texas 16.svg State Highway 16
  • Texas 36.svg State Highway 36

Airport

The Comanche County-City Airport is located two nautical miles (2.3 mi, 3.7 km) northeast of the City of Comanche's central business district.

Communities

Cities

Town

Unincorporated communities

Ghost Towns

  • Cora
  • Mercer's Gap
  • Suez

Coordinates: 31°57′N 98°34′W / 31.95°N 98.56°W / 31.95; -98.56

kids search engine
Comanche County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.